Vaccines for rabbits
Rabbits are susceptible like any other pet to get diseases, so if you have or are thinking of adopting a rabbit you should know which vaccines are for rabbits.
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There are two types of vaccines, mandatory and recommended , which may vary from country to country. Nevertheless, there are two vaccines that you should not pass along, especially if you lived in Europe or have a particular breed.
Keep reading this YourCatCareguide article on vaccines for rabbits to find out which ones are most appropriate for your rabbit.
Two essential vaccines
The two most important vaccines for a pet rabbit are myxomatosis and hemorrhagic disease. Both are diseases with a mortality rate close to 100% and very contagious, which can affect even a domestic rabbit that lives with humans and without other congeneres, although it is true that the danger multiplies when several individuals share the same space.
- The myxomatosis decimated the rabbit population in the Spanish mountains in the 70s and was a determining factor in the compromised situation in which we saw the Iberian rabbit. Nowadays, the epidemic among wild rabbits has not yet been controlled, but thanks to the vaccine can be avoided many troubles with domestic animals.
- The viral hemorrhagic disease is a fulminant disease evolution. After one to three days of incubation period, it manifests itself and causes death within hours (between 12 and 36 hours). Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus produces necropsies in the animal’s internal tissues, which given the rapid evolution of the disease, sometimes does not give time to be detected.
Most virus strains of rabbit haemorrhagic disease can be prevented with vaccination, although in France a resistant strain has been detected in their territory.
From two months on, a rabbit can be vaccinated
Rabbits can not be vaccinated until they are two months old, and it is recommended to space both vaccines , myxomatosis and haemorrhagic fever for two weeks.
By analogy with other mammals, the application of various vaccines to very small rabbit breeds, such as dwarf rabbits , leaves open the possibility that the animal may develop some disease against which it is intended to immunize.
How soon should a rabbit be vaccinated?
Once the rabbits have received their two vaccines (hemorrhagic fever and myxomatosis), they should be renewed annually in the case of the haemorrhagic virus, and at least every six months if we speak of myxomatosis in countries where there is an epidemic.
The ideal time for vaccinating rabbits against hemorrhagic disease and against myxomatosis is spring, since in summer is when there is an increase in cases of these diseases, although it can be performed all year round.
The veterinarian of exotic species is the one who can advise you best depending on the country where you live and depending on the breed of your rabbit , since some species are more susceptible to contagion than others. In addition it will indicate which of the two vaccines against myxomatosis that exist is the most appropriate for each case.
In epidemic regions, for rabbits who live in the countryside or just visit it to play, the frequency of vaccination against myxomatosis can be as high as four vaccinations a year, since after three months the vaccine loses some effectiveness.
Other vaccines for rabbits
When many rabbits share the same space, the suitability of vaccinating them in the autumn against respiratory diseases should be studied. These pathologies, if they appear, are treated with antibiotics.
There are different diseases that can affect a rabbit , so it is important to know them in depth if we have several specimens living together.
Other preventive care of rabbits
In addition to vaccines, rabbits should be dewormed internally and it is also necessary to make sure that they do not contract external parasites taking into account the hygiene of the animal. Humidity and lack of hygiene can be caused by fungi or even scabies.
Scabies can also appear in very old cages, because the corners are always complicated to clean perfectly. Both fungal infections and scabies are treatable diseases, although prevention will always be the best option for the welfare of our rabbit.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you would like to see more information about this product, then please visit our Vaccinationsection .