Vaccine Calendar for Puppies
As responsible owners of a dog we must comply with the schedule of their vaccines, as we managed to avoid a large number of serious diseases. Many times we are not sure if a vaccine is really necessary or not. But it all comes down to what vaccines are required in the region in which we live.
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If you live in Brazil or Portugal and have doubts about the vaccination of your dog, keep reading this article from YourCatCareguide in which we will explain the schedule of vaccines for dogs .
What is a vaccine?
The vaccine that our veterinarian administers to our dog consists of the subcutaneous inoculation of a specific substance that contains, according to the disease to be prevented, an attenuated microorganism, a fraction of a virus, etc. When it is a small contact with the disease, the body creates a defense reaction that generates anti-bodies that serve as specific defenses against this disease in case it occurs. Thus, the body will be able to detect it quickly and will have the means to combat without affecting our dog. It is with proper vaccination that our companion animal acquires immunity to an illness without having to suffer from it and overcome it.
Vaccines are only really effective if the health of the dog is good, it is dewormed and the immune system is mature . The type of vaccines to be administered vary depending on the geographical area in which we are. That is why it is crucial that we inform ourselves what are needed and when should be administered to preserve the health of our dog, since some of these diseases are deadly. In addition, there are diseases such as rabies that are zoonese, that is, from animals to humans and vice versa, so these are usually mandatory in almost all places.
As you can see, vaccination is very important both for the health of our companion and ours, in addition to the obligation by existing law, so in the YourCatCareguide we recommend that you always give your puppy the annual vaccines , because it is much more expensive treatment than the prevention of any disease.
When should I apply the first vaccine to the dog
As mentioned earlier, one of the requirements for a vaccine to actually work is that the dog’s defense system is mature. Therefore, it is very important to know when we can apply the first vaccine to a dog, and this will be when it is considered that already has a sufficiently mature immune system and apt to receive vaccines. We say “sufficiently mature” because, in fact, the immune system of dogs reaches fullness only at four months, but the truth is that before, the system is already sufficiently prepared to receive the first vaccines.
In the case of a puppy, its first vaccine should only be applied once it is weaned , since during breastfeeding it is protected from many possible problems with all the nutrients that breast milk has and its immune system is forming. We should consult with our trusted veterinarian when it is the ideal time to start vaccinating our dog. Usually, the optimal weaning age is around two months of life, and the first vaccine is usually administered between one and a half months of life and the two months, since they often wean ahead of time.
Also, it is imperative that our dog does not touch the ground of the street until he has his first vaccine and that it has an effect, or contact other dogs than his brothers, sisters and parents. This is because their defense system is still forming and so it is easier to get diseases that are sure to be fatal.
Therefore, the dog will not be able to leave and have contact with other dogs and objects of the street until its first vaccine and the other first vaccines take effect. This will be at three months and one week of age. By three months is when you last your first vaccine shot and the extra week is the time you need to ensure its effectiveness.
What is the vaccine schedule for dogs?
Whether it is the first vaccines or the annual vaccines for the rest of the life of our dog, it is advisable that the vaccines are administered in the morning .
So if there is any reaction as sometimes happens to people, we have all day to observe and treat this reaction. Fortunately, both in people and in dogs are infrequent and of little intensity.
So, this is the basic schedule of vaccines for puppies :
- At 6 weeks: First vaccine.
- At 8 weeks: Multipurpose.
- At 12 weeks: Dosage of reinforcement of the polyvalent.
- At 16 weeks: Anger .
- Annually: Dosage of reinforcement of the polyvalent and rabies
More information you need to know about vaccines for dogs
It is important to know that the most common vaccines are trivalent, tetravalent and also polyvalent . The difference is that the first grouping the three most basic diseases, the second grouping these diseases and adding another, and the third groups all the previous and even more a disease.
The trivalent vaccine generally contains canine distemper vaccines, canine infectious hepatitis and leptospirosis. The tetravalent vaccine contains the same as the trivalent vaccine and the canine parvovirus vaccine is added. The most basic polyvalent vaccine, besides taking everything the previous ones contain, also counts on the cough vaccine of the dogs and against the canine coronavirus. Vaccines such as canine herpesvirus, babesiosis or piroplasmosis, and bordetella bronchiseptica and pasteurella multocida, which are opportunistic bacterial components in canine cough, are also nowadays available.
Depending on the veterinary center, the geographical area in which we live and the general health of our dog, should choose one type of vaccination or another. It is recommended that the veterinarian decide whether to administer trivalent, tetravalent or polyvalent based primarily on the area we live in and the type of life we follow, for example if we travel a lot and take our dog with us. The veterinarian is the only person who can decide the schedule of vaccination and the type that best suits the health of each dog, always respecting those that are mandatory.
The rabies vaccine in Brazil and in Portugal is mandatory. This vaccine in São Paulo is distributed free of charge by the City Hall, so if you live in this region you should look for permanent vaccination posts throughout the year.
At YourCatCareguide we would like to remind you of the importance of having a responsible pet. Remember that having the vaccination up-to-date is something that is legally mandatory, as well as being an ethical and moral practice, since it is the simple protection of our dogs, our health and our family.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest that you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you would like to see more items that are similar to Calendar of Vaccines for Dogs , we recommend you to enter our Vaccination section .