Vaccination schedule for cats
If you own a cat or will adopt one as responsible owner, you should know about many things. One of the most important is prevention against many serious diseases for them. This prevention is achieved with adequate vaccination .
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Depending on where you live, some vaccines may be mandatory or not, and periodicity may also vary. Continue reading this YourCatCareguide article to find out about the vaccination schedule for cats , so you will make sure your feline’s health gets stronger.
What is and what is a vaccine for?
Vaccines are substances created to help the body fight certain diseases . These substances are usually administered subcutaneously and contain the antigens necessary to create the antibodies in the cat’s body. Depending on the disease you wish to combat, vaccines may contain virus fractions, attenuated microorganisms, etc. It is with this mild contact with the disease that the feline’s immune system will create the necessary defenses to fight off this disease should it appear.
Vaccines that must be administered to cats may change according to the geographical area in which they are found, as it may happen that there are specific endemic diseases and others are eradicated. Therefore, it is our duty as citizens of this area and as responsible owners of our pet, to inform ourselves that vaccines are obligatory and how often they should be administered to our cat. It is as simple as going to the vet and asking him to tell us about the schedule of vaccination that we should follow, since in addition to those required by law, we are likely to recommend some voluntary vaccine because it is really important for the health of our partner .
It is necessary that before you vaccinate your cat that you are dewormed, in good health and that your immune system is mature enough, since this is the only way the vaccine can act and be effective.
As you can see, it is really important to vaccinate your pet, and for this reason we recommend that you vaccinate every year , although it may seem unnecessary, it is in fact essential and vital for the health of your feline as well as yours, because there are some zoonoses that can be avoided with a simple vaccination.
Unfortunately, not vaccinating cats, is one of the most common errors of cat tutors .
At what age should you vaccinate your cat?
The most important thing is to know that you should wait until the age of weaning , since it is crucial that your cat already has a somewhat mature immune system. While the pups are in the womb of the mother and while they are lactating, part of the immunological defenses of the mother are passed to the puppies and thus are protected during a time while they create their own system of defenses. This immunity that the mother transmits to them begins to disappear between the 5 and the 7 weeks of life. So the ideal time to first vaccinate your cat is the 2 months of life .
It is very important that as long as your cat does not have the first complete vaccination, it does not go outside or interact with cats that are passing through your garden. This is because he is not sure of the level of defenses he can have in this time span, between which his mother’s immunity is exhausted and the first vaccination has a full effect.
With the exception of the rabies vaccine, there are no other statutory vaccinations for domestic cats. Therefore, you should follow the vaccination schedule that the veterinarian recommends depending on the area in which you live and some aspects of your cat’s health.
It is essential that before your cat is vaccinated, you will be tested for diseases such as feline leukemia and feline immunodeficiency.
In any case, we present to you to follow a basic calendar that is usually followed for the vaccination of cats:
- 1.5 months: You should deworming your cat so that the primary vaccination is further forward. Learn more about deworming in cats in our article.
- 2 months: Leukemia and immunodeficiency test. First dose of trivalent, this vaccine contains the vaccine against panleucopenia, calicivirus and rhinotracheitis .
- 2.5 months: First dose of the feline leukemia vaccine.
- 3 months: Strengthening trivalent vaccine.
- 3.5 months: Strengthening the leukemia vaccine.
- 4 months: First anti-rabies vaccine.
- Annually: From here an annual vaccine should be administered for each of the previously administered vaccines, since the effects should remain active as they decrease over time and become lost. Therefore, you should vaccinate your cat once a year with the trivalent vaccine, the leukemia vaccine and the rabies vaccine.
Other information on cat vaccines
It is very important for your cat’s health that it vaccinates annually , but it is even more important for cats that go out into the street and come in contact with other cats, of which we are often unaware of their state of health.
The trivalent vaccine protects against two of the most common respiratory diseases in cats, feline rhinotracheitis and feline calicivirus, and the trivalent vaccine also contains the vaccine against one of the diseases that attack the digestive system and blood more seriously, feline panleucopenia. The vaccine against leukemia is essential for the health of the cat as contracting this disease is very complicated and often leads to the death of the animal.
It is essential to give the rabbit vaccine to your cat, because it is a very serious zoonosis, it means that this disease is also transmitted to humans, so it is really advisable to vaccinate the cats that go out to the street.
There are other vaccines for domestic felines such as feline infectious peritonitis vaccine and chlamydiosis vaccine.
Finally, if you are traveling with your cat to another area of the world, it is very important to be informed if there are obligatory vaccines for cats in the country to which you travel, as is often the case with the rabies vaccine, in addition to informing yourself of vaccinable diseases that are endemic to the area.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest that you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you would like to see more items that are similar to Vaccination Calendar for cats , we recommend you to enter our Vaccination section .