Urinary Tract Infection in Cats – Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention
The urinary tract infections , also known as urinary tract infection, are one of the groups most common and uncomfortable conditions that a cat can suffer.There are several types of infections, such as cystitis (inflammation of the bladder), nephritis (inflammation of the kidneys), or urinary calculi, but most have the same symptoms.
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As mentioned above, these conditions affect the bladder and urethra of the feline, and may occur in cats of any age, but especially in obese adult animals that are in very small spaces or emotionally suffer from many shocks and few moments of tranquility.
In this article of YourCatCareguide we will tell you about the urinary tract infection in cats , their symptoms, treatment and how you can prevent it.
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection in Cats
All cat owners should be very well informed about the symptoms of these conditions, since prevention and early treatment is very important because if a cat is suffering from a urinary infection it may not only be very painful for the animal but also deadly.
Many cats suffer from repeated outbreaks, which causes a pattern that worsens over time, but beware, because most cats do not show symptoms until the disease is already very advanced. Therefore, it is important to monitor your cat’s behavior when it comes to your needs and also to observe the state of your urine.
The symptoms of urinary tract infection in cats are as follows:
- It makes too much effort when urinating.
- Urine in few quantities.
- You can not contain it and urine out of your litter box (something very strange in them).
- Try to urinate more often than normal, which can sometimes be confused with the action of defecating.
- Cries at the time of urination, this behavior is completely out of the ordinary.
Blood may also be present in the urine . In addition, you will have the constant need to lick your intimate parts to relieve uncomfortable sensations; some cats may have fever and weakness in the early stages of infection.
Treatment of urinary tract infection in cats
As much as you think you know enough, you should never diagnose your cat, much less in case of a urinary tract infection. In the presence of any of the symptoms that we mentioned in the previous point, you should take your kitten to the veterinarian so that he can carry out all the necessary tests. Blood and urine tests are included in the type of tests, both to confirm whether it has crystals, inflammatory cells, to check urine status and rule out other diseases.
The treatment for urinary tract infection in cats will vary depending on the condition. If the cat has a problem of bacterial infection should take antibiotics (these do not occur frequently). In the case of cystitis the treatment will begin by relieving the pain by administering medicines to relax and prevent obstructions in the urinary tract. Then reduce exercise stress and administer pheromones to help reduce anxiety levels. Lastly, control the amount of urine by replacing dry food with a slightly more humid diet.
If the cat has the urethra blocked, the treatment will be surgical and practically of urgency, because the urine is not flowing normally. Your pet may be hospitalized for several days, as the veterinarian should give you intravenous medications and monitor your progress. The same goes for calculations, which may need operation (depending on the type) or if they are not so advanced they can be cured with a simple change of diet and lifestyle.
Remember to carry out the complete treatment to avoid future relapses, especially if the cat is prone to this type of urinary infections.
How to prevent urinary tract infection in cats?
Veterinary support should not only happen when the cat becomes ill or has an emergency. Try to maintain good communication with him about your cat and ask him which type of diet is most suitable for the health of your pet. Remember that we are what we eat. In this regard, we recommend that you refer to this article in which we explain the proper feeding for cats .
Water is essential for cleaning and purifying the body. It should educate and accustom your cat to always ingest water. The same thing happens with the habit of urinating, this is one of the few ways that there is to expel the toxins from the body, so it is important that your cat does it frequently and that when it does find your litter box in the better hygiene and cleaning conditions.
Cats are routine animals, it will always be good for your health to minimize abrupt routine changes that can cause stress, which can lead to a urinary tract infection.
Make every effort to give your cat a quiet life, you will see that you will have a healthy and happy pet for many years to come.
Why does my cat have an infection?
Urinary infections, obstructions and inflammation occur due to the presence or not of blood or other foreign agents in the urinary tract. These conditions can be caused by many factors and / or in turn be the manifestation of a disease in the body of the animal. Some of the causes may be as follows:
As we mentioned at the beginning of this article, any factor that puts the cat in a state of stress , can cause the development of this type of diseases. Situations like this could be a sudden change of home, the arrival of a new family member, the absence of a human companion, and the presence of strangers.
The sedentary lifestyle and obesity can also cause urinary tract infection, because by slowing all internal processes, the body is also not able to eliminate all the waste that goes consuming. Urethral obstruction in males occurs more often in young adults living in tightly enclosed spaces where they have few opportunities to exercise.
An acidic and uncontrolled pH in the urine of the cat may increase the appearance of magnesium and raise its levels to an unsuitable point, which may lead to subsequent formation of magnesium phosphate crystals that may impair urine and then cause urolithiasis urinary tract infections). All this is caused, among other things, by poor diet, such as diets with low digestibility and no control of minerals.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest that you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.