How to know the breed of my dog?

There are more and more people who stop buying animals and adopt them in animal shelters or shelters to offer them a better quality of life and avoid being sacrificed. If you are also one of these people, you may be looking for the roots of your dog or you simply have difficulty distinguishing one breed from another, as in the French bulldog and the boston terrier.

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In this article, we broadly review the different dog breeds that exist and help you identify by physical aspects and behavior, the origin of your dog. Continue reading this YourCatCareguide article and learn how to identify a dog’s breed .

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Observe the physical characteristics of your dog

We should start with the easiest, which is to see what our dog looks like. For this, we must analyze the following characteristics:

The size

  • Toy
  • Little
  • Medium
  • Big
  • Giant

Size can help us rule out certain races and make us investigate more about others. For example, we find in the breeds of giant dogs a limited number of specimens, such as St. Bernard and Bullmastiff .

Type of hair

  • Long
  • I enjoy
  • Medium
  • Hard
  • Thin
  • Curly

Curly hairs usually belong to water dogs such as the poodle or poodle. The thick hairs usually belong to dogs of the group of European shepherds or dogs spitz.

Muzzle shape

  • Long
  • Flat
  • Wrinkled
  • Square

The wrinkled muzzles usually belong to dogs like the English bulldog or boxer, among others. On the other hand, thinner and longer snouts may belong to the greyhounds. The powerful jaws usually belong to the terriers.

Given the specific attributes of your dog, we will continue to analyze the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) groups one by one so that you can locate the breed that most closely resembles your dog.

Group 1, section 1

Group 1 is divided into two sections and for you to be able to guide, we will explain the most common breeds in each one of them. They are the shepherd dogs and the herdsmen, although we do not include the Swiss cowherd dogs.

1. Sheepdogs:

  • German Shepherd
  • Belgian Shepherd
  • Australian Shepherd
  • Komondor
  • Berger Picard
  • Swiss White Shepherd
  • Border Collie
  • Rough Collie

Group 1, section 2

2. Cowboys (except Swiss cowboys)

  • Australian Cowboy
  • Cowboy of the Ardennes
  • Cowboy of tin

Group 2, section 1

Group 2 is divided into several sections that we will analyze in this section. We found pinscher puppies and shnauzers, as well as dogs, mountain type and Swiss cowboys.

1. Ripo Pinscher and Schnauzer

  • Doberman
  • Schnauzer

Group 2, section 2

2. Molossos

  • Boxer
  • German Dogue
  • Rottweiler
  • Dogo Argentino
  • Fila Brasileiro
  • Shar pei
  • Dogue de bordeaux
  • Bulldog
  • Bullmastiff
  • St Bernard

Group 2, section 3

3. Puppies type monk and Swiss cowboys

  • Bern’s cowboy
  • Great Swiss cowboy
  • Appenzell cowherd
  • Cowboy of Entlebuch

Group 3, section 1

Group 3 is organized into 4 sections, all belonging to the group of terriers. These are some of the most common:

1. Large Terriers

  • Brazilian Terrier
  • Irish Terrier
  • Airedale Terrier
  • Border Terrier
  • Fox Terrier

Group 3, section 2

2. Small Terriers

  • Japanese terrier
  • Norwich terrier
  • Jack russel
  • West hifhland white terrier

    Group 3, section 3

    3. Bull Terriers

    • American staffordshire terrier
    • English Bull Terrier
    • Staffordshire bull terrier

    Group 3, section 4

    4. Company Terriers

    • Australian Silky Terrier
    • English toy terrier
    • Yorkshire terrier

    Group 4

    In group 4 we find a single breed, the teckels , which may vary depending on body size, hair length and color.

    Group 5, section 1

    In group 5 of the FCI we found 7 sections in which we divided the different types of Nordic puppies, the puppies type spitz and the primitive type puppies.

    1. Nordic Sled Dogs

    • Siberian Husky
    • Alaskan Malamute
    • Dog of the greatland
    • Samoyed

    Group 5, section 2

    2. Nordic hunting dogs

    • Dog of Bears of Karelia
    • Spitz Finnish
    • Norwegian Elkhound gray
    • Norwegian Elkhound black
    • Norwegian Lundehund
    • Laika of Western Siberia
    • Laika of Eastern Siberia
    • Laika Russian-European
    • Swedish Elkhound
    • Spix by Norrbotten

    Group 5, section 3

    3. Nordic guard dogs and shepherds

    • Finnish Shepherd of Lapland
    • Icelandic shepherd
    • Norwegian Buhund
    • Swedish Lapland Dog
    • Swedish Vallhund

    Group 5, section 4

    4. European Spitz

    • Spitz wolf
    • Great Spitz
    • Middle Spitz
    • Small spitz
    • Spitz the dwarf pomerania
    • Italian Volpino

    Group 5, section 5

    5. Asian spitz and similar breeds

    • Eurasian Spitz
    • Chow chow
    • Akita
    • American Akita
    • Hokkaido
    • Kai
    • Kishu
    • Shiba
    • Shikoku
    • Japanese Spitz
    • Korea jindo dog

    Group 5, section 6

    6. Primitive type

    • Basenji
    • Canaan Dog
    • Pharaoh Hound
    • Xoloizcuintle
    • Peruvian Peeled Dog

    Group 5, section 7

    7. Primitive type – Hunting dogs

    • I can canary
    • Podengo ibicenco
    • Cirneco do Etna
    • Podengo Portuguese
    • Thai Ridgeback
    • Taiwanese dog

    Group 6, section 1

    In group 6 we find the hound-type dogs, divided into three sections: the hound type dogs, the blood lane dogs and the like.

    1. Hush-type dogs

    • Puppy of santo huberto
    • American Foxhound
    • Black and Tan Coonhound
    • Billy
    • Gascon Saintongeois
    • Great griffon of the Vendée
    • Large Anglo-French white and orange
    • Large Anglo-French white and black
    • Great Anglo-French tricolor
    • Great Gascony Blue
    • French white and orange hound
    • French Black and White Hound
    • French tricolor hound
    • Polish Hound
    • English Foxhound
    • Otterhound
    • Black and Tan Austrian Hound
    • Hound of Tyrol
    • Hard-hair sturdy hound
    • Hound of Bosnia
    • Short-haired Istrian Hound
    • Hard-hair Istria Hound
    • Hound of the valley of Save
    • Slovak Hound
    • Spanish Hound
    • Finnish Hound
    • Beagle-Harrier
    • Braco griffon da Vendeia
    • Blue Gascon Griffon
    • Griffon de Nivernais
    • Griffon fawn from Brittany
    • Small blue of Gascony
    • Hare of the Ariége
    • Poitevin’s Hound
    • Hell Hound
    • Hound of Transylvania
    • Italian hard-boiled hound
    • Italian short haired hound
    • Montenegro Mountain Hound
    • Hygen’s Hutt
    • Halden Hound
    • Norwegian Hound
    • Harrier
    • Serbian Hound
    • Serbian tricolor hound
    • Smaland’s Hound
    • Hamilton hound
    • Schiller Hound
    • Swiss Hound
    • Westphalian Basset
    • German Hound
    • Normandy Basset Basset
    • Blue Basset of Gascony
    • Basset fawn from Brittany
    • Large basset griffin basset
    • Small basset griffin basset
    • Basset hound
    • Beagle
    • Swedish dachsbracke
    • Small Swiss Hound

    Group 6, section 2

    2. Blood lane dogs

    • Hannouver tracker
    • Bavarian Hillside Tracker
    • Dachbracke Alps

    Group 6, section 3

    3. Similar breeds

    • Dalmatian
    • Rhodesian lion

    Group 7, section 1

    In group 7, we find the point dogs. They are thus called the hunting dogs that point or show with the muzzle pointed towards the prey that is going to be hunted. There are two sections: the continental point dogs and the British point dogs.

    1. Continental point dogs

    • German short haired braco
    • German Stonemason by Pigskin
    • German point dog with hard hair
    • Pudelpointer
    • Weimaraner
    • Danish Braco
    • Slovakian hair straightener
    • Pertigueiro de Brugos
    • Brave of Auvergne
    • Ariège’s Braco
    • Bourbon of the Bourbon
    • Gascon type French brace
    • French brace of the Pyrenean type
    • Braco Saint-Germain
    • Short-haired Hungarian Braco
    • Hungarian Brago with hard hair
    • Italian Braco
    • Portuguese Perdigueiro
    • Deutsch-Langhaar
    • Great Munsterlander
    • Little Musterlander
    • Blue Picardy Spaniel
    • Bredon Spaniel
    • French Spaniel
    • Picardo Spaniel
    • Perry
    • Hard hair point griffon
    • Espinone
    • Griffon of bohemian hard hair show

    Group 7, section 2

    2. English and Irish pointing dogs

    • English Pointer
    • Red Irish Setter
    • Red and white irish setter
    • Gordon Setter

    Group 8, section 1

    The group 8 is divided mainly into 3 sections: hunting dogs, hunting dogs and water dogs. We’ll show you photos so you know how to identify.

    1. Dog collectors hunting

    • New scottish collector dog
    • Chesapeake bay retriever
    • Hair Strainer
    • Curly Hair Wrapper
    • Golden retriever
    • Labrador Retriever

    Group 8, section 2

    2. Hunting dogs

    • German Perdigueiro
    • American cocker spanial
    • Nederlandse kooikerhondje
    • Clumber Spaniel
    • English Cocker Spaniel
    • Field spaniel
    • Welsh Springer spaniel
    • English Springer spaniel
    • Sussex spaniel

    Group 8, section 3

    3. Water dogs

    • Spanish Water Dog
    • American Water Dog
    • French Water Dog
    • Irish Water Dog
    • Dog of water of romagna (Lagotto romagnolo)
    • Frison water dog
    • Portuguese Water Dog

    Group 9, section 1

    In group 9 of the FCI we found 11 sections of companion dogs.

    1. Bichons and the like

    • Curly Hair Bichon
    • Bichon maltes
    • Bichol bolones
    • Bichon habanero
    • Coton de tuelar
    • Little lion dog

    Group 9, section 2

    2. Poodle

    • Large Poodle
    • Average Poodle
    • Dwarf Poodle
    • Poodle toy

    Group 9, section 3

    2. Small-sized Belgian puppies

    • Belgian Griffon
    • Brussels Griffon
    • Petit Brabançon

    Group 9, section 4

    4. Hairless dogs

    • Chinese Crested Dog

    Group 9, section 5

    5. Tibetan puppies

    • Lhasa Apso
    • Shih tzu
    • Tibetan Spaniel
    • Tibetan terrier

    Group 9, section 6

    6. Chihuahuas

    • Chihuahua

    Group 9, section 7

    7. English Spaniels

    • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
    • King chares spaniel

    Group 9, section 8

    8. Japanese and Pekingese Spaniels

    • Pekingese
    • Japanese Spaniel

    Group 9, section 9

    9. Continental dwarf companion and Russkiy toy

    • Continental dwarf companion companion (papillon or phalène)

    Group 9, section 10

    10. Kromfohrländer

    • Kromfohrländer

    Group 9, section 11

    11. Small size mills

    • Pug
    • Boston terrier
    • French Bulldog

    Group 10, section 1

    1. Long-haired or wavy

    • Afghan Hound
    • Saluki
    • Lrebrel Russian for hunting

    Group 10, section 2

    2. Hard hair braids

    • Irish Leprechaun
    • Scottish Lebrel

    Group 10, section 3

    3. Lebréis of short hair

    • Spanish greyhound
    • Hungarian Lebrel
    • Little Italian lebrel
    • Azawakh
    • Sloughi
    • Polish Lebrel
    • Greyhound
    • Whipped

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Emily Harris
 

Hi Guys, Girls, and Cats:-p I am Emily Harris, and you can see in above pic. She loves me I swear. I saved her from a dumpster a few weeks back.

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