Tips for Taking Tartar in Dogs
Have you ever noticed bad breath in your dog? Did you see spots and dirt on your teeth? If so, then it is because your dog has accumulated tartar.
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If you want to know about this problem, some way to prevent it, and especially to know some tips for taking tartar in dogs , keep reading this YourCatCareguide article and discover the importance of your pet’s oral health.
What is tartar and what kind of dogs are most prone to it
In the mouth of the dogs happens the same as in the mouth of the people, every day the teeth are filled with bacteria that form plaque. In addition to this plaque, there are also several remnants of decomposing food and minerals daily. Throughout the life of the animal is accumulating all this and, everything together ends up forming calculations known as tartar . Tartar accumulates mainly in the space between the gum and the tooth. From there it is extending and is affecting the rest of the buccal structures, which can lead to infections and secondary diseases.
When our dog already has tartar, it is impossible to eliminate it with diet and tooth brushing, so it is preferable to act in a preventive way avoiding the formation of tartar. The only really effective way that offers a thorough solution to the problem is oral cleaning, like the one we do to us at the dentist, done by a professional veterinarian.
All puppies may have tartar, but some types of puppies are more likely to have it:
- In small breeds and toy , the tooth enamel is of a poorer quality besides having the smaller teeth and together, something that hinders the normal cleaning, reason why the process of the formation of tartar is faster.
- The brachycephalic dogs , due to the shape of your skull and your jaw, teeth are very together and this favors the formation of tartar and difficult to clean.
- Regardless of the breed, dogs older than 5 years begin to have tartar if we do not avoid it.
What are the consequences of tartar on dogs?
There are many consequences that the accumulation of tartar has on our dog’s health. Here is the most direct and important:
- The first problem that is presented is bad breath or halitosis : It produces bad smell in the dog’s mouth that can sometimes be detected at a certain distance and usually annoys a lot, but know that this is a symptom of the formation of tartar and other possible diseases. So you should consult your veterinarian and offer your furry friend some way to eliminate bad breath and prevent tartar.
- The gingivitis is another problem derived from the Tartar formation in the mouth of our pets. The gums become red, they ignite and gradually they retract and leave the root of the exposed tooth. The fact that the root of the tooth is exposed causes the tooth bone to deteriorate and reabsorb, weakening the union of the tooth with the jaw or jaw and facilitating the loss of this part.
- The periodontal disease : If you do not prevent tartar can occur periodontal disease, which begins with the formation of this. It begins in gingivitis and halitosis, and then the process progresses to the rest of the structures of the mouth (roots of teeth, palate, jaw, jaw, etc.). Lastly, there is the loss of the affected dental pieces and the infection of the gums. These infections usually end in abscess formations that may continue to progress in the tissues of the mouth, ultimately affecting the eyes and nose of our pet. The only way to resolve this disease is for our veterinarian to trust our dog with a professional cleaning of the mouth and give him antibiotic treatment.
- This series of dental problems in animals can lead to serious , life-threatening infectionsand can even lead to heart, kidney, intestinal and liver problems .
Preventing Tartar In Dogs
As in the case of people, in our canine companions we can also prevent Tartar and its consequences. As? As with our mouth, following some rules of oral hygiene.
It is important that you try to prevent this problem in this way will prevent your puppy a period of pain, inflammation and bleeding gums, bad breath and difficulty to eat and play with his favorite toys.
We can prevent tartar with :
- A daily brushing of our dog’s teeth. It is very important to habituate them from puppies to facilitate the process and choose a type of toothbrush and toothpaste suitable for each dog.
- Some toys , bones, biscuits and special rations that can chew and thus keep the mouth clean longer. These premiums in the form of bones, feed, biscuits, bars, strips and toys, are composed of abrasive elements for plaque that help to eliminate tartar from the surface of the teeth.
- A good physical health will always help to prevent possible infections. You will achieve this good physical health based on proper nutrition and exercise.
In case you can not prevent tartar and still appear, we can still prevent periodontal disease. When you find that there is accumulation of tartar impossible to eliminate with a normal brushing, you should consult your veterinarian to perform a cleaning to the mouth of our pet. In case you are already suffering from periodontal disease, our pet will also go through this process of oral cleaning to solve this disease.
This cleaning in animals should always be performed under general anesthesia with an anesthetist, a veterinary assistant and a veterinarian who perform professional mouth cleaning. With this process the tartar will be eliminated with a special instrument like the ultrasound, that breaks the tartar without injuring the dental enamel.
In cases of advanced periodontal disease, it is customary to lose dental pieces with the dental cleaning process, but not because of the cleaning action on the teeth, but because they are usually pieces that had already separated from the jaw or jaw, but due to the excess of tartar will stick instead of falling. As these pieces are no longer functional and are retained, they can cause the formation of abscesses and infections.
It is also very important as prevention that if we observe any of the following signs in our furry companion we take the veterinarian :
- Scratch your face or your mouth and you can not see anything that might be bothering you.
- Excessive bad breath. It is important to know that halitosis is not caused only by tartar and periodontal disease. It will be essential to consult the veterinarian to rule out other possible diseases such as diabetes, kidney problems or parasitosis among others.
- Stop eating or change your eating habits and chews.
- Abundant salivation.
- Loss of teeth without realizing it.
- Depression: unwillingness to walk, play, eat, etc.
- Poor quality of teeth with discoloration or breakage of teeth.
- Tartar along the edge of the gum.
- Gums swollen, red, and bleeding.
- High or polyps inside the mouth.
- High under the eyes, where the muzzle begins.
Tips to prevent and eliminate your dog’s tartar
Lastly, in the YourCatCareguide we want to give you some advice to help you in the oral hygiene of your dog, to prevent and eliminate the Tartar:
- Correct the bad eating habits of your dog that may favor the formation of tartar. The main cause of tartar formation is the overeating of homemade food and soft food like pates. This type of food gets very easily on the teeth and gums. Therefore, the most suitable for mouth care is the dry food or feed that scratches the surface of the tooth at each bite helping to clean them and leave much less waste.
- Help your puppy become accustomed to the daily brushing of the teeth since the puppy . The ideal is to do it daily, but it has been shown that with a minimum of three times a week most dogs can prevent Tartarus.
Here’s how you can get your dog used to tooth brushing :
From the day I was little, I passed you a sterile gauze wrapped around your finger over the surface of your teeth with a little water. Later on, start to show her the brush so that you begin to familiarize yourself with it. Then you can start using the brush instead of the sterile gauze and you can use special toothpaste for dogs . Since they swallow it must be special to them and should never give it to humans (should avoid especially fluoride that is toxic to them), so we avoid many problems among them ulcers in the stomach.
In addition, there are different flavors of toothpaste special for them, which will facilitate the cleaning of the mouth offering a taste that you like. Chlorhexidine can be used instead of the toothpaste for sale in veterinary clinics and in some specialized stores. Chlorhexidine is equivalent to our mouthwash that cleans, disinfects and softens the first calculations of tartar and so we can remove them more easily with the brush. It may be that at the beginning your dog does not like brushing his teeth very much and that it costs him, but be patient because eventually he will be habitual. It is recommended that at the beginning make shorter brushings and little by little will increase the time.
- Buy or create special toys and prizes that, in addition to entertaining your pet, will help you maintain the health of your mouth. For example, in the case of toys, those made with ropes are very practical. The dogs when biting them clean the teeth in the same way as when we floss. In addition, your dog will also like cookies and other types of premiums that have special components for mouth care.
- Professional mouth cleansing often ends up being necessary despite proper oral hygiene. As we have explained before, the only difference in cleaning that our dentist gives us is general anesthesia, which becomes essential for our furry companions since they will not remain still with their mouths open and thus avoid possible damages and fears completely unnecessary .
- Take advantage of general anesthesia . As we have never liked, of course, to subject our furry companions to general anesthesia that may seem unnecessary, we recommend that professional cleaners try to do it at the same time as necessary surgery. For example, whenever the veterinarian does not see serious contraindications, if we think of sterilizing our dog we can use the same anesthesia to take care of dental hygiene.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
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