Tick Symptoms in Dogs – Symptoms and Treatment
Do you own a dog? Are you in the habit of taking him for a walk in the country and usually finish the walk with ticks ? Be careful and protect your pet against them, as it is much better that your dog does not have them instead of coming home and having to take them off, since ticks transmit many diseases.
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One of the diseases recently discovered in dogs that ticks transmit is Lyme disease. Read carefully this article from YourCatCareguide to know everything about tick disease in dogs , their symptomsand their treatment .
What is tick disease?
This disease, also known as Lyme disease, is caused by a bacterium, more specifically a call of Borrelia burgdorferi , which is transmitted by ticks of the genus Ixodes . In dogs this disease has been known since 1984 and in Brazil was first diagnosed in 1992.
Lyme disease causes several health problems , but if it is diagnosed early and if the appropriate antibiotics are administered can overcome the disease. The clinical picture it presents includes, as we have already mentioned several health problems, but is mainly associated with arthritis, deformation of the joints, nephritis, fever and carditis.
Symptoms of tick disease in dogs
Symptoms may take a few weeks or even months to appear. In this disease the symptoms are many and there may be dogs that present them all. It may be that only some isolated symptom appears, such as the most common symptom, the most common symptom. The symptoms that may appear are as follows:
- It is recurrent because of inflammation of the joints. It often lasts only a few days but at the end of a few weeks it returns and remains continuous. The limb may always be of the same leg or change in leg every time it occurs and may even occur in more than one leg at the same time.
- Arthritis and deformation of joints.
- Fever, lack of appetite and depression, which usually lead to inflammation of the joints.
- Sensitivity to touch, muscle and joint pain along with adynamia (muscle weakness with generalized fatigue that can lead to lack of movement or reaction).
- Walk arched back and stiff.
- In the area where the tick bite occurred, inflammation and / or irritation may occur accompanied by an inflammation of the superficial lymph nodes surrounding the area.
- Kidney problems that, if left untreated, can lead to nephritis or glomerulonephritis and end in kidney failure that causes more common symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, loss of appetite, increased thirst and urination, and accumulation of fluid in the abdomen and tissues, especially under the skin and on the legs.
- Carditis or inflammation of the heart, although infrequently and only in severe cases.
- Complications in the central nervous system, although it is less frequent and in severe cases.
Diagnosis of Lyme disease in dogs
When you go to the veterinarian because some or all of the symptoms described above manifest themselves in your dog, you should explain in full detail what you saw happening with your pet, what activities you did recently and whether or not they are a habit, possible (especially in case you are not your usual veterinarian), answer anything that asks you the most clearly and sincerely, since any detail brings much information to the veterinarian expert.
In addition, along with all the information, the veterinarian will need to perform tests on the dog to rule out or confirm possible causes of the symptoms. You should perform blood and urine tests as fully as possible.
If the veterinarian considers it necessary to perform other tests to determine the diagnosis, it may be necessary, for example, to extract fluid from the inflamed joints for analysis, ultrasound and X-rays, among many other tests useful to the specialist, and if your four-legged friend should give permission to perform them.
The prognosis of this disease is good if it is diagnosed and acted quickly, is reserved if it is chronic cases and is bad if the disease reaches the heart, central nervous system or kidneys, when not treated in time in the case of the kidneys.
Treatment for Tick Disease in Dogs
Treatment for Lyme disease will depend on the organs and parts of the body affected and how advanced the disease is. Antibiotics must first be given, and at home you should try to make sure that your dog does little work and is always warm and dry.
At the outset the antibiotic or antibiotics your veterinarian will recommend will be accompanied by some pain medication, but you should never administer an analgesic medication to your dog, it should always be prescribed by the specialist veterinarian both the type, the dose and the time of administration. The veterinarian should seek to avoid the administration and prescription of corticosteroids, since in this case there is a risk of Lyme disease spreading.
As a rule, with antibiotics, there is already an improvement in acute inflammation of the joints within a few days. Still, the overall treatment should last for at least a month . Although everything depends on the severity of the disease.
Prevent tick disease in dogs
The only prevention of Lyme disease in dogs is the prevention of ticks . Therefore, it is essential to apply the appropriate antiparasites to your dog with the frequency indicated by your veterinarian and in the form that is most convenient for your faithful friend, be they pipettes, collars, etc.
It is very important that, although we have to day anti – interference protection, every time we go out to areas like the countryside, gardens, parks, etc, where there may be ticks, to end the tour is important to review the whole body of the dog for make sure you do not have ticks or other possible parasites on the skin.
In case you find any, you should extract it with the utmost care and try not to be part of the tick clinging to our dog’s skin. To do this, you should inform yourself as best as you can about the minimum risks. It is essential that you take the ticks on the same day , because the longer they are in our pet the more chances there is to get it.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles that might be updated, please visit our section of Bacterial Diseases .