The Black Mamba, the most poisonous snake in Africa

The Black Mamba is a snake that belongs to the Elapidae family , which means that it enters a category of highly poisonous snakes , not all of which can be part of it and without a doubt the Black Mamba is the queen.

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Few snakes are as bold, as agile and as unpredictable as the black mamba, with high danger associated with these characteristics, its bite is lethal and although it is not the most venomous snake in the world (this species is found in Australia), it occupies the second place in this list. Want to know more about this amazing species? So do not miss this article from Animal Expert where we talk about the Black Mamba, the most poisonous snake in Africa .

It may also interest you: The most poisonous snakes in the world

How is the black mamba?

The black mamba is a serpent originating in Africa and is distributed in the following regions :

  • Northwest Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Ethiopia
  • Somalia
  • Eastern Uganda
  • Southern Sudan
  • Malawi
  • Tanzania
  • South of Mozambique
  • Zimbabwe
  • Botswana
  • Kenya
  • Namibia

It adapts to a large amount of land ranging from the most populous forests to semi-arid deserts , although they rarely live on land that exceeds 1,000 meters.

Your skin can range from green to gray, but gets its name from the color you see inside its mouth cavity, completely black. It can reach 4.5 meters in length, weighs approximately 1.6 kilograms and has a life expectancy of 11 years.

It is a daytime and highly territorial snake , which when threatened sees its lair is able to reach a surprising speed of 20 km / hour.

The hunting of the black mamba

Obviously a snake of these characteristics is a great predator , but it acts through the ambush method.

The black mamba waits for the prey in its permanent lair, detecting it mainly through the vision, then, it raises a great part of its body on the earth, it bites the prey, it releases the poison and it retires. He expects the prey to fall victim to the paralysis of the poison and die. Later it approaches and ingests the prey, digesting it completely in an average term of 8 hours.

On the other hand, when the prey shows some resistance, the black mamba attacks in a slightly different way, its bites are more aggressive and repeated, thus causing the death of its prey in a faster way.

The poison of the black mamba

The venom of the black mamba is called dendrotoxina , it is a neurotoxin that acts mainly causing paralysis of the respiratory muscles through the action that exerts on the nervous system.

An adult human only needs 10 to 15 milligrams of dendrotoxin to die; on the other hand, with each bite, the black mamba releases 100 milligrams of venom, so there is no doubt that its bite is lethal . However, knowing her through theory is fantastic, but avoiding it ends up being essential to continue living.

If you want to read more articles like A Mamba Negra, the most poisonous snake in Africa , we recommend you to go to the section Curiosities of the animal world .

Emily Harris
 

Hi Guys, Girls, and Cats:-p I am Emily Harris, and you can see in above pic. She loves me I swear. I saved her from a dumpster a few weeks back.

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