Caring for a dog in 10 steps
Never had a dog? Want to know the main concepts you should know? Adopting a dog is similar to accommodating a small child, not complicated but requires dedication. Before adopting an animal we must be sure that it is what we want, fulfilling our responsibilities with him at all times and throughout his life.
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In this article by YourCatCareguide we show you a general summary so you know how to take care of a dog in 10 steps , a simple guide that all owners with little experience should read.
Dogs can not go out on the road without vaccination because the likelihood of disease transmission is high and may involve a risk to the dog’s health. For this reason, your puppy should go to the vet to be subjected to a relevant vaccination to thereby rule out any diseases. The vaccination schedule is as follows:
- A first vaccination between 6 and 8 weeks to prevent canine distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus, coronavirus, parainfluenza and leptospira.
- Two equal reinforcements of this first vaccination are made.
- Later on you will be vaccinated against rabies.
- After a few weeks, you receive the vaccine against giardia and Bordetella.
- Finally, the dog receives a reinforcement of all of them every x time, which will be recommended by the veterinarian. Reinforcement is done less frequently as the dog grows older, as the chances of infection are decreasing.
Follow all the advice of your usual veterinarian and if you have questions about a proposed treatment do not hesitate to ask for a second opinion. In addition, you should be aware of any symptoms of diseases that the dog may manifest. Remember, he does not talk!
The dog needs a lot of care and attention on your part that must be fulfilled daily:
- Give you a soft bed to sleep
- The dog should have a water cooler with plenty of fresh, clean water every day
- Give specific quality food according to the stage of your life
- Toys and teethers can not miss to entertain you while you are not present
- Wiping the pours daily and a bath from time to time will be basic conditions
- Stroll it at least 2 or 3 times a day
- Brush it as regularly as you need depending on your type of hair
- Socialize him and teach him how to live together in the home
Feeding the dog
In YourCatCareguide you will find specific articles about dog food , this is because the dog must receive specific nutrients and vitamins for his development always adapted to each stage of his life.
The most recommended option is to combine the three existing types of diet giving preference to a high quality ration together with wet diets and diets. Remember that puppies and older dogs, as well as dogs with health problems, need a specific diet and sometimes supplemented with vitamins and calcium .
There is a myth that it is necessary to bathe the dog with a frequency of once every two months, but this is not true.
A small breed dog can shower every 2 weeks and a large breed 1 or 2 times a month. However, it is very important that you use products for dogs , since they respect their coat and the pH of the skin, and also have a percentage of antiparasitics. At the same time that you habituate your dog to bath, you must use products that allow you to have a correct dental hygiene and to avoid the accumulation of plaque.
After bathing it is important that you always apply the pipettes to avoid the appearance of fleas or ticks.
As soon as the vaccination schedule permits, it is important that you start socializing your puppy . It is also important to socialize adult dogs if they show frightening and inappropriate behavior due to various fears. In these cases we must work with a professional.
Why is it important to socialize my pet ?
It is essential that your dog meet others of its own species to prevent future aggression. Also, adult dogs will be an example to help you know how to behave in a group. They should also be socialized with people of all ages so the dog is not afraid and adopts a kind and social attitude that gives him good behavior in public.
Socialization allows your pet to relate to the surroundings, to express your personality and to be more safe and cheerful on a daily basis.
Rides and physical activity
It is essential that you walk your dog between 2 to 3 times a day , always taking into account the frequency of your needs. On the walk you should be calm and let your dog smell its surroundings, if it is properly vaccinated has nothing to worry about.
In addition to the ride you do, it is very important that your dog exercise , this develops your muscles and provides you with relaxation. You can go jogging with him or share a bike ride together, or you can always leave him an hour with other pets at the time of the tour. It will be phenomenal for your four legged friend!
Inspection of parasites
Fleas and ticks are always a threat to the dog that can be serious if not treated or no prevention. To detect the presence of these parasites and to be able to act as far in advance as possible, it is important that you check your dog’s hair with several small parties that will remove your coat. This habit should always be maintained, and intensified in the hottest months.
You should prevent the appearance of insects by applying a pipette after bathing against mosquitoes, fleas and ticks and even against leishmania if possible. In the market you can also find necklaces that are an excellent reinforcement. Be aware of any problems that may arise in your dog.
The space of the dog
If we adopt a dog, at home we can see that at first it feels lost and disoriented. We must provide you with a comfortable place to sleep and rest , unique to it, as well as various toys for your entertainment.
It is important that you keep the whole house clean and sanitized so that you feel good and understand that it should also be cleaned. Dogs follow our examples, both the good and the bad.
It should also have its own space for food , which should be at a certain time and never at the table. In addition this should know that it is very important not to feed the dog before or after exercising, this could cause a gastric distortion.
Educating a dog is critical to your mental health and proper coexistence. Limits are critical and the whole family must follow these boundaries without exception for the dog to understand its place in the house. We recommend that you use the education system with positive reinforcement and if it is possible to initiate the clicker for training, which has very good results.
The dog is a social animal that has emotions and feelings . For this reason it is important that you be affectionate with him and create an emotional bond that allows you a good coexistence and understanding.
You will see that with the passage of time he will follow you everywhere, to protect you when you need and to offer you affection when you are sad. The dog has a very developed sense to perceive in a non-verbal way what happens in your environment and in your relationship, as well as ease in understanding your emotions.