Stomatitis in Cats – Symptoms and Treatment
Stomatitis in cats is also known as gingivitis and is a chronic , slowly evolving infectious disease that, despite the need for treatment and care, often goes unnoticed when it is beginning to manifest itself.
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It is a pathology that has a high incidence among domestic cats and although the exact cause is not known, it is believed to be due to a change in the immune system that can be triggered by viral infections. Want to know more about stomatitis in cats ? So be sure to read this article from Animal Expert.
What is stomatitis in cats?
The gingivitis or feline stomatitis is an infectious disease which also which also occurs with inflammation , their progress is very slow and unfortunately it is a chronic disease, however, when earlier it is detected, the easier it is to preserve the quality of life of our cat.
This disease will progressively cause lesions in the mucosa of the oral cavity and the consequences of these will be more serious when we spend more time without realizing this situation. In order not to go unnoticed and realize that your cat is sick, you should spend time with him and review his mouth periodically.
Symptoms of stomatitis in cats
The stomatitis begins with an important inflammation of the gums , from here, it evolves slowly and can cause the following symptoms:
- Ulcerous lesions in the oral cavity and tongue
- Excessive salivation
- Bad breath
- Difficulty eating
- Weight loss
- Pain that cat manifests when the cat refuses to be touched or to open its mouth
- Loss of dental pieces
It is a disease that, as it progresses, decreases the well-being of our cat and may lead to a symptomatology incompatible with a good quality of life . If you notice any of these symptoms in your cat it is important that you go to the veterinarian as quickly as possible.
Treatment of stomatitis in cats
The veterinarian may perform diagnostic tests which usually consist of analyzing a small part of the affected oral tissue in case of stomatitis, these tests will result in ulcerous lesions and a high number of white blood cells and leukocytes.
The treatment will vary depending on each cat and the degree of infection it presents, although it is very important that you know that stomatitis is chronic and has no cure , so the drugs that can be used will be used solely to relieve the symptoms present.
To decrease inflammation, the use of cortisone is not recommended since it may pose more risks than benefits. In any case this treatment should be prescribed and periodically reviewed by the veterinarian so that the necessary adjustments can be made.
Care of cat with stomatitis
At home it is important to take certain care that will help your cat to be as good as possible:
- You should change the feeding of your cat and give him a ration whose texture is pleasant and can eat without great difficulty.
- On many occasions your cat will not want to eat on its own, so it is important that you stay by your side and take it to the feeder, encouraging you to taste the food a little.
- If your cat has lost too much weight and also eats little, it may be wise to give him some nutritional supplement, but always under veterinary supervision.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles the description of Stomatitis in cats – Symptoms and treatment we recommend you to enter our section on Infectious Diseases .