São Bernardo is a breed from the Swiss Alps and northern Italy . It is the most famous sheepdog and descended from the now extinct Mastiff of the Alps , the Tibetan Mastiff , the Newfoundlandand the German Dogue .
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The St. Bernard begins its history in the Great St. Bernard , where some monks have created an inn for pilgrims and travelers. The breed began to be used as a watchdog , in addition to having other functions like firing , for example. The skills of this dog were quickly noticed and began to be used as a guard dog and rescue of lost pilgrims in the snow and fog. The stories of his exploits as a rescue dog were plentiful, both from ordinary travelers and from soldiers who crossed the mountains with Napoleon Bonaparte in 1800. The data are documented.
It took a few generations for the breed that we now know as St. Bernard to emerge.
- Grupo II
- More than 80
The Saint Bernard dog is a giant dog that usually measures between 70 and 90 centimeters (a little less in the case of females). They are large, strong, extroverted and have a measured aggressiveness. We can find Saint Bernards for long hair as well as short hair. Both look noble, sturdy and muscular.
The most common color is white with some spots of reddish brown, which may vary with yellowish brown or dark brown.
Saint Bernard has a kind, social and loving personality. They are very patient and obedient , although they exhibit youthful behavior even in adulthood. He is a dog very loyal to his family who will spend long periods patrolling what he considers the territory of the guardian. It will not only chase away intruders with your heartbeat, but its size makes them suspicious and afraid. It has a very developed sense of smell.
In addition to these qualities, it has been proven in some occasions that the São Bernardo dogs warn of possible dangers such as storms, avalanches and fires.
They are prone to heat stroke when they exercise too much in the summer or when they are indoors or in poorly ventilated spaces. You tend to suffer from obesity and therefore your food should be controlled at different stages of your life to prevent other problems. It may give extra vitamins or calcium in the dog’s growth stages to prevent hip or elbow dysplasia , common problems in this breed.
There are frequent cases of dilated cardiomyopathy when sedated. It is also prone to wobbler syndrome, heart problems, tumors or ectropion.
Be aware of gastric twisting : It is very important that you do not eat after practicing exercise, bathing, drinking excess water or eating all of your daily ration at once. It is recommended that you eat two or three times a day, thus dividing the daily amount.
It is a dog that needs to live in a very large house or a house with garden , as it must have space to move freely. Contrary to what one might think, it does not require a high level of exercise. However, you should run a little and be active.
You need to care for your hair, it’s important to brush it and cut the fringes that are too wide to damage your vision. It should be brushed regularly and showering every month and a half. The St. Bernard loves to get attention from the tutor, watch out and clean the remelas and babas that can accumulate after eating or during the ride. It is also important to clean your ears.
In behavior with children, they show a tolerant and patient attitude, especially when it comes to children in the family nucleus. It is a kind dog that on many occasions has been used by its tutors as “nanny dog”, since a good relationship between the children and the pet is observed.
The dog should be socialized with other pets, children or adults as a puppy, so that he understands the role you expect from him.
Saint Bernard is an intelligent breed that shows ease in dressage . It is very important that basic education begins as early as possible. Otherwise you may encounter an uncontrollable and in some cases violent dog. For example, if you allow certain behaviors such as jumping on people since dog, in adulthood this behavior will be a serious problem due to its 90 kilograms of weight, which can hurt someone considerably.
Proper use of the leash, taking control of the situation, being the alpha male or learning basic commands of obedience are some indispensable prerequisites for having this breed of dog.
- The St. Bernard achieved even more popularity through the film Beethoven , starring a dog and his family.
- The heaviest dog of this breed came to weigh 118 kilograms, reaching a height of 90 centimeters.