Seborrhea in Dogs – Causes and Treatment
Seborrhea is a very common disease that affects the scalp of dogs, especially the areas of the torso, the paws and the face. With seborrhea the sebaceous glands of the skin produce a large amount of sebum , causing at the same time, scales, crusts and excess fat.
CAT Spraying No More REVIEW
Cat Spraying No More is an excellent opportunity for the cat owners to learn about training the cat with a systematic approach. It helps in preventing the unwanted litter issues and other risks of bad feline behavior as well.
Although it is very common, if seborrhea is not treated in time, it can lead to secondary skin infections. Often dogs smell bad because of the accumulation of fat and oil in their hair. Additionally, this condition can cause the animal to overcook on the affected areas causing bleeding and other skin damage.
We will see next in this article of the ExpertAnimal the symptoms and treatment for seborrhea in dogs .
What is seborrhea? Why does it occur?
Seborrhea is a disease that can be considered secondary. That is, it is triggered by another disease and is one of the manifestations that indicates that the animal may be presenting a more serious problem. These primary diseases could be:
- Endocrine Disorders
- Skin cancer
- Nutrient-deficient diets
- Metabolic disorders
- Pancreatic diseases
- Autoimmune diseases
Other causes and predispositions
On the other hand, seborrhea of the primary type is considered as a hereditary disease , in which there are certain breeds predisposed to its presence as: Labrador Retriever, Golden Retriever, Cocker Spaniel, Basset Hound, German Shepherd, West Highland White Terrier, Shar Pei , among others. In general, this type of seborrhea is a condition that affects dogs before they reach 2 years of age.
Types of seborrhea
There are two types of seborrhea that are related to the evolution of the dog’s skin condition:
- The dried canine seborrhea is scaly form that occurs during the early stages, when excessive keratin accumulates on the skin. This type of seborrhea can be seen but does not cause important clinical symptoms.
- The oily seborrhea canine is the kind of oily disease, which is characterized by excess fat and lack of brightness in the. At this stage, the symptoms that are present are more obvious and uncomfortable: oily ones attached to dry and scaly skin, irritation and the need to scratch. When the disease is very advanced there may be skin and ear infections, alopecia, fever, loss of physical and appetite, and depression due to an attack on the immune system. It is important to note that the majority of registered cases of seborrhea in dogs present a combined form of the two types of disease.
Diagnosis of seborrhea
The diagnosis of hereditary or primary seborrhea is only when the other causes have been discarded. If it is a secondary seborrhea it is essential to diagnose the underlying cause of the problem so that our pet recovers as quickly as possible.
Now, in order for the seborrhoea to be diagnosed accurately and correctly, knowing the real causes of the disease, it is necessary to consult the veterinarian for specific skin studies, physical examination, skin scraping to identify parasites, cultures of fungi, blood tests and stool examination. It is possible for the specialist to have a biopsy of the skin, if necessary.
Treatment of canine seborrhea
Before starting any treatment it is important to know what type of seborrhea we want to bring. When the disease is still in its infancy and the animal’s skin is free of itching wounds, treatment is usually painless and simple. The approximate duration is one month and is based mostly on washing the dog, once a week, with cold water and antiseborreico soap , giving emphasis to the most problematic areas. The baths can be supplemented with vitamin supplements . If seborrhea is oily, benzoyl peroxide or selenium sulfide may be used.
If seborrhea is hereditary, it is incurable but totally treatable. With good treatment and constant veterinary supervision, seborrhea can be kept under control and can keep the animal from having a normal life. For the hereditary form it is good to give you weekly baths with salicylic acid and sulfur and give you medicines by mouth, such as retinoids. When a dog suffers from seborrhea (of any kind) it is very positive to add foods rich in omega 3 fatty acids , such as salmon oil, to your diet . Also, it is important to keep it as far away from the complicated areas where you have itching wounds.