Scabies in Dogs – Symptoms and Treatment
Dog owners or future dog owners will be interested to know all about dog scabies , symptoms and treatment and even some home remedies. Scabies is a skin disease caused by several types of mites and can have serious consequences if not treated properly. It is found all over the planet and affects numerous animal species. Generally, it occurs by direct contagion with some other affected animal or with objects that have been in contact with it.
CAT Spraying No More REVIEW
Cat Spraying No More is an excellent opportunity for the cat owners to learn about training the cat with a systematic approach. It helps in preventing the unwanted litter issues and other risks of bad feline behavior as well.
Therefore, as soon as you notice symptoms in our dog, you should go to the vet to have the diagnosis of the type of mange treated and treat it as soon as possible. Continue reading this article by YourCatCareguide and discover the symptoms and treatments of scabies in dogs .
Types of scabies in dogs and the parasites that cause them
Scabies is a dermatological infection caused by ectoparasites, more specifically by mites. Depending on the type of mite that causes this condition we have one type of scabies or another and therefore a specific treatment. When ours get infested with mites, they get lodged in your skin and hair. They quickly begin to feed on skin, sebum and keratin, proliferating at great speed. Due to this infestation of the skin, the dog suffers a great itch that causes it to rub and scratch against almost everything until causing wounds. Early detection of the symptoms is very important for the end result, since this will avoid contagion for other pets and the severity of the particular case.
The mites are ectoparasites microscopes , such as small spiders which are animals and plants as part of a normal ecosystem. There are many different types and each type can produce different diseases and problems in some animals.
As we have said, there are different types of scabies that affect dogs, caused by different types of mites, and their treatment is more or less easy depending on the origin and moment of the process in which we begin the treatment and the cure. We must bear in mind that scabies are perfectly treatable, although very uncomfortable for those who suffer from scabies, but if proper treatment is not carried out, infections and secondary diseases may occur, including the death of the animal.
Next, we will show you the classification of the most common types of scabies in dogs :
- Demolish Scab : This is one of the most common scabs in dogs. It is also known as black mange and is produced by the Demodex canis mite . This mite lives naturally on the skin of our dog, but when the defenses get very low this mite produces wildly and develops the disease. It occurs very often in dogs with the immune system low, that is, with very low defenses. In addition, another of the most common forms in which this type of scab appears is during childbirth, when the mother gives birth to the puppies. Sometimes, if it is very light, the problem can only go away with a recovery of the animal’s defenses with a good diet. There are several types of demodectic mange :
– Localized demodectic scabies : It usually occurs mainly in the head, especially in the face and ears. This localized scab is more common in dogs less than one year old and usually will disappear by itself after a short time. The first symptoms are loss of skin around the eyes and mouth. If it occurs in other parts of the body, blemishes will appear on the legs, feet and loin and can reach three centimeters in diameter.
– Generalized demodectic mange : This level of demodectic mange may begin to be considered when five or more hairless spots occur on the body of the affected dog. In addition, large areas may appear completely hairless.
– Demodectic Pododermatitis : This is the most resistant form of demodectic mange, difficult to diagnose and treat. It appears only on the paws and always leads to bacterial infections, which have an unpleasant odor.
- Sarcoptic Sarna: Sarna is the most common scab in dogs, even more so than the demodectic and is also known as canine mange. The mite that the cause is called Sarcoptes scabieiand therefore, this type of scabies is also identified as scabies. This mite reproduces at great speed and is not part of the environment of the skin of our puppies. It is highly contagious, its contagion occurs by contact and can also affect humans. That is why we should touch the animals infected with latex gloves. The symptoms usually begin to appear after a week of the contagion. This scabies is the one that causes the most itching, which can lead one to think at the beginning in the wrong way that it is a flea infestation. The ideal is to detect it as soon as possible to prevent it from spreading and worsening, as it will then be more resistant to treatment.
- Otodectic scab or ear mange : This scab is produced by the mite Otodectes cynotis and is more common in cats than in dogs. It is spread by contact and affects the ears and ears of our pets. In addition to the usual clinical signs of scabies, it causes secondary otitis to the animal. These mites are visible inside the ear and if we observe with attention we see small moving white dots.
- Sarna cheyletiella: Also known as queiletielose. This scab is produced by the mite Cheyletiella spp . Although it is more common in cats, it is highly contagious between puppies and especially puppies. It can be transmitted to humans producing red and irregular eruptions.
- Sarna Pneumonyssoides: The head mite called Pneumonyssoides caninum and occurs in the nose of dogs and other carnivores. It is not very common and usually does not cause serious symptoms. In the case of massive infestations can cause chronic sneezing, nosebleeds and nasal secretions. It is transmitted from one dog to another by nose contact.
Contagion and propensity
There are several forms of contagion that can lead to our dog getting scabies. For example, when there is a significant decrease in defenses, the usual mites on dogs’ skin take advantage of the opportunity and spread wildly. Another way is during childbirth and lactation of the puppies in case the mother is infested. Finally, contagion by contact in any canine specimen is what we usually see more. In case the animal is healthy and strong, the odds of contracting this condition are lower, but if we see it very often in already ill and malnourished individuals with low defenses. Contact may occur between puppies or with objects and places that are infested with mites where an animal with this parasitic disease has been.
There are factors that make our pet more likely to contract scabies , such as poor hygiene, a poor health environment, poor health that leads to low defenses, poor nutrition, constant contact with many dogs abroad, among others.
In the case of demodectic mange, there is a greater propensity for examples of short hair and in some breeds such as beagle, dalmatian, teckel, dobermann, boxer, bulldog, pointer, shar pei and terriers.
Symptoms and detection of scabies in dogs
In order to detect scabies, we must take into account several symptoms that may occur, which are very specific symptoms of this type of skin condition and which attract attention. The most common symptoms are:
- Itching and burning of the skin
- Redness and inflammation of the skin
- Constant scratching
- Rub against objects and soil for relief
- They stop eating (anorexia)
- Great weight loss
- Loss and weakening of the skin with completely hairless areas
- Skin rashes (red spots)
- Skin scales
- Wounds and blisters on the skin
- Bad smell of the skin
- Dry, crusty and thick skin in the more advanced stages of scabies
If you notice any of these symptoms on your pet you should act quickly to prevent the spread of the condition. Although we can alleviate symptoms with some remedies that we will see later, it is essential to consult the veterinarian and follow the appropriate treatment for each type of scabies as the specialist tells us.
Prevention and treatment of scabies in dogs
As they say, prevention is better than cure and in this case it is the same thing. The most effective way to combat scabies is to prevent it, although we also know that this cutaneous disease can be cured with the proper treatment and care, but it is a slow process that causes our pet to suffer from the symptoms which are quite uncomfortable.
As prevention measures we must follow these recommendations:
- Maintain good daily hygiene of our faithful friend, plus give you monthly baths with a suitable shampoo and daily brushing.
- Maintain a hygiene of your environment.
- Avoid contact with animals that may be infected by mange and, in case you suspect that your dog suffers from scabies, you should also avoid contact with other dogs so as not to transmit it to other dogs.
- Respect the schedule of veterinary consultations, deworming (external with pipettes and internal tablets) and vaccination. This will allow early detection of the problem and prevent infestations and diseases that may weaken your puppy and make you more prone to scabies.
- It is very important as prevention against the reappearance of scabies, which occurs easily, prolong the treatment as much as possible and go to several consultations followed by the veterinarian until you can confirm with great certainty that the problem has disappeared.
- Also treat all other animals that may have been in contact and disinfect all things like blankets, beds, collars, containers of food and drink, among other objects that have been in contact with the sick dog.
- Provide an adequate and healthy food to the dog so that this and his immune system is strong.
- To avoid ear scabies we must provide good care and hearing hygiene to our pet.
If the prevention is not enough and our furry companion ends up showing symptoms of scabies, we should consult the veterinarian as soon as possible so that he can diagnose whether or not this condition is involved, and what kind it is to be able to offer us the best solution. The following treatment will not only depend on the type of scabies our dog is suffering but will also depend on breed and age among other factors.
The treatment that the skilled person indicates may be primarily drugs which are an oral, topical or injectable acaricide , generally with ivermectin, selamectin, moxidectin and milbemycin oxime. In addition, it will provide analgesics, anti-inflammatories, some shampoo or bath powders with skin-relieving and acaricidal products and some more specific medicine for a secondary skin problem, such as possible infection by bacteria (bactericidal or antibiotic) or by fungi (fungicide). In the case of ear scabies, the acaricide medicine will be a topical ear cream and should be administered by putting a few drops on the ears and massaging to penetrate. It will be essential that, regardless of the type of scabies, complete the treatmentevery day for the time indicated by the veterinarian and never finish before, although the dog appears to be cured. If treatment is withdrawn prematurely because the problem seems to have already passed, chances are that in a few days or weeks the scabies will reappear, since the few mites that may have stayed can recover and re-proliferate.
Home Remedies to Relieve Scabies
There are no home remedies to cure scabies, there are remedies to alleviate the symptoms so uncomfortable, which help our pet to overcome the process. Before doing any of them it will be advisable to consult your veterinarian of confidence so that it indicates to us which are the most convenient remedies in the case of our dog. Next, we give you a series of home remedies that help complement veterinary treatment.
- Baths : Baths are essential for the treatment and to relieve the intense itching that our partner feels. We can bathe our dog suffering from scabies every week or two by two with a white, neutral soap and / or acaricide prescribed by the veterinarian, with warm, very gentle water. We should let the soap work for a few minutes before rinsing to prevent the dog from licking it. You should wear latex gloves whenever you touch your sick dog. Never brush it because your hands will gently massage your hair and skin. You should allow it to dry on its own or dry it with a soft towel and never wipe the towel on the animal’s skin
- Proper Diet and Vitamin Supplements : A better change in our dog’s diet along with vitamins will help regain the strength of your immune system by being able to combat mites and helping to treat scabies.
- Raw Food : It is good that during the scabies process the dog eats raw food like vegetables and herbs. The most suitable are kyolic garlic, cat’s claw and olive oil extract. Chop the very small vegetables to feed more easily.
- Affection : It may seem strange, but an animated dog that feels loved and accompanied, will be a happier dog and therefore will be easier to heal than a sad and depressed dog.
- Oils : Olive oil can help weaken mite deposits and eliminate the weak. In addition, you can combine lavender, almond and neem oils that will be topical and will also weaken the mite nests. You can put it on the affected areas twice a day, always after bathing. With the oil, it will prevent the skin from getting drier and hydrating it. Never use car oil , which has become popular enough to treat scabies, but this does not help improve the skin and we risk the dog becoming seriously intoxicated if the lick.
- Plants : Some herbs and plants are very beneficial and can be applied topically mixed with oils or in food. These herbs are neem, cymbopogon and niaouli, which due to their antiseptic, antibacterial and regenerative properties of the skin are ideal against scabies.
- Garlic : Garlic is a very effective natural antiseptic besides cicatrizing. We can grind two cloves of garlic and mix them with olive oil and apply directly on the affected areas. We can let it work all night and in the morning remove with a soft damp cloth.
- Absinthe : This is a natural remedy and a very effective repellent for insects. We boil a few leaves in a liter of water and when the infusion is warm we bath our companion with care. We should do it twice a week.
- Chamomile : The infusion of chamomile is very good to disinfect the areas affected by scabies. It will help to clean the wounds and will greatly relieve the skin irritations. It is best to apply it three times a week.
- Oats : Whether with an oatmeal shampoo or oatmeal mixed with water, we should apply it on our dog’s skin with gentle, circular massages in the affected areas. We let it act a bit to penetrate the dog’s skin and rinse gently.
- Lemon : Gently rub lemon slices in areas affected by scabies or water with homemade lemon (we can leave a few slices of lemon in warm water at night to use in the morning). Using the lemon will disinfect the skin of our dog.
- Yogurt : It is good to apply one or two tablespoons to the wounds to favor their healing. Usually used in the ears by applying a very thin layer that covers the skin well.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest that you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles the following may have to be read with Symptoms and Treatment , we recommend you to enter our section on Parasitic Diseases .