Sarcoptic mange in dogs
The sarcoptic mange , also called scabies common, is caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei and is the most common type of mange in dogs.
CAT Spraying No More REVIEW
Cat Spraying No More is an excellent opportunity for the cat owners to learn about training the cat with a systematic approach. It helps in preventing the unwanted litter issues and other risks of bad feline behavior as well.
It causes intense itching and dramatically affects the quality of life of the dog that has it, which can lead to bacterial infections and serious health problems if left untreated. It is a curable condition, but it is also very contagious and can even be transmitted to humans.
In this article from YourCatCareguide we explain everything about sarcoptic mange, the symptoms that the dog may have and the treatment to be applied. Keep reading!
What is sarcoptic mange?
The parasite responsible for this disease is the microscopic mite Sarcoptes scabiei that lives inside the skin of infected dogs, causing pruritus (itching). Females of S. scabiei are primarily responsible for pruritus as they dig microscopic tunnels into the dog’s skin to deposit their eggs.
This disease is highly contagious and any healthy dog that comes into contact with an infected dog will be infected. Contagion also occurs indirectly through inanimate objects that have been in contact with the infected dog, such as beds, cottages, canine beauty equipment, collars, food containers and even stool.
Sarcoptic mange can also be transmitted to humans (although the mite can not live long in a human) and these again to dogs. Symptoms appear 2 to 6 weeks after infection. The dogs most at risk of getting infected are those in kennels, in homes for pets and those who have frequent contact with street dogs.
Causes and risk factors
The most obvious symptoms of sarcoptic mange include:
- Itchiness so intense (itching) that the dog can not stop scratching and biting the affected areas. It can appear anywhere on the body, but usually starts in the ears, snout, armpits and belly.
- Irritated skin and / or with sores and scabs.
- Localized Alopecia (hair loss).
- Dark skin (hyperpigmentation) and thickening of the skin (hyperkeratosis).
- As the disease progresses, there is generalized weakness and discouragement due to the dog’s inability to rest.
- In advanced stages bacterial infections in the skin also appear.
- If sarcoptic mange is not treated, the dog may die.
Diagnosis of sarcoptic mange
The diagnosis of sarcoptic mange should only be made by the veterinarian. In some cases you can get some useful sample (for example from feces) and observe under the microscope. However, most of the time the diagnosis is made through the dog’s history and symptomatology.
Treatment of sarcoptic mange
Sarcoptic mange can be cured and usually has a good prognosis. The treatment usually includes some acaricidal shampoo or a combination of shampoo and medications. Some common acaricides in the treatment of this and other hernias are ivermectin and amitraz .
It is important to bear in mind that some breeds of shepherd dogs such as the collie, the English shepherd and the Australian shepherd have problems with these medicines, so the veterinarian should prescribe other medicines for their treatment.
When secondary bacterial infections are present antibiotics are also necessary to combat them. The veterinarian is the only one who can prescribe the medicines and indicate their frequency and dosage.
Other dogs that live with the affected dog should also be evaluated by the veterinarian and treated, even if they do not show symptoms. In addition, it is important to apply acaricidal treatment to the place where the dog lives and to the objects it has contact with. This should also be indicated by the veterinarian.
Prevention of sarcoptic mange
To prevent this scabies we must prevent our dog from coming into contact with infected dogs and their environments. It is important to take the dog to the veterinarian at the first suspicion of scabies, as this will facilitate the treatment in case of a positive diagnosis of the disease.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest that you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles matching Sarna sarcoptic in dogs , we recommend that you enter our section on Sarcoma Diseases .