Polycystic Kidney in Cats – Symptoms and Treatment
One of the most frightening characteristics of felines is their great flexibility and agility, hence the popular saying that these pets have 7 lives, although this is not true, as the cat is an animal very susceptible to numerous diseases and many, such as polycystic kidney disease, can also be observed in humans.
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This disease can be asymptomatic until it has advanced enough to constitute an important risk to the life of the animal, so it is of great importance that the owners know more about this pathological situation, so that it can diagnose and treat it as much before.
In this article by YourCatCareguide we are going to tell you about the symptoms and treatment of the polycystic kidney in cats .
What is the polycystic kidney?
Polycystic kidney disease or polycystic kidney is a very common hereditary disease in Persian and exotic short haired cats.
The main feature of this disorder is that the kidney produces cysts filled with liquids , these are present from birth, but as the cat grows, the cysts also increase in size, and may even injure the kidney until it causes kidney failure.
When the cat is small and the cysts are of a very small size, the animal does not show any signs of disease, it is usual that the manifestations of the condition arrive when it has already caused a significant renal damage , usually this disease is diagnosed between the 7 and the 8 years old.
Causes of polycystic kidney in cats
This disease is hereditary, so it has a genetic origin, it is the anomie that an autosomal dominant gene suffers and that any cat that presents this gene in its anomalous form, will also present polycystic renal disease.
However, this gene can not mutate in all cats, and this disease especially affects Persian and exotic cats and lines created from these breeds, such as the British Shorhair. In other breeds of cats it is not impossible to have polycystic kidney, but it is very strange if it occurs.
When an affected cat reproduces, the offspring inherits the gene abnormality and disease, in contrast, if both parents are affected by this gene, the baby dies before birth due to a much more serious condition.
To reduce the percentage of cats affected by polycystic kidney disease, it is essential to control reproduction , however, as we mentioned initially, this disease does not show symptoms until very advanced stages, and sometimes when reproducing a cat is not known that this cat is sick.
Symptoms of polycystic kidney disease in cats
Sometimes polycystic kidney disease develops very quickly and noxiously in small cats, usually having a fatal outcome, however, as we have already mentioned, it is usually a disease that causes symptoms as early as the adult stage.
These are the proper symptoms of a kidney failure :
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- High water intake
- Increases urination frequency
When detecting any of these symptoms it is imperative to consult the veterinarian , to evaluate the function of the kidneys and, if they are not working properly, to discover the underlying cause.
Diagnosis of the polycystic kidney in cats
If you have a Persian or exotic cat, although it does not show symptoms of the disease, it is important that during the first year go to the veterinarian for the study of kidney structure and determine whether or not they are healthy.
In advance or even when the cat has already manifested the symptoms of renal failure, the diagnosis is made by imaging through an ultrasound. In a sick cat the ultrasound shows the presence of cysts.
Of course, the sooner the diagnosis is made , the more favorable the disease progresses.
Treatment of polycystic kidney disease in cats
Unfortunately this disease does not count on a curative treatment , since the main purpose of the treatment is to stop the evolution of the condition as much as possible.
The pharmacological treatment is intended to reduce the work of the kidneys affected by insufficiency and to prevent all the organic complications that can derive from this situation.
This treatment, along with a diet low in phosphorus and sodium , while not changing the presence of cysts in the kidneys, could improve the quality of life of the cat.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles that may be more useful to you, please visit our section of Hereditary Diseases .