Peritonitis in dogs

The peritonitis in dogs is a disease that can become very serious, always depending on the cause, and for this reason has a poor prognosis, ie, one can not predict or evolution or the outcome.

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For this reason in this article we want you to know a little more about this disease and to know how it can manifest in your dog and how can be treated at veterinary level.

Continue reading this YourCatCareguide article to know all about peritonitis in dogs.

What is peritonitis in dogs?

The peritoneum is a membrane that recovers internally the abdominal cavity and at the same time the abdominal viscera. Its function is to protect and absorb liquids, which should not be present in this anatomical region.

When we talk about peritonitis we are referring to an inflammation of this membrane , which can happen generalized or localized, obviously the second option has a better prognosis.

Why Peritonitis Happens in Dogs

There are several factors that can develop peritonitis in our dog, an infection or obstruction of the gallbladder duct :

  • Cancer
  • Gallstones
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
  • Stenosis (narrowing of the ducts of the gallbladder)
  • Triggered by bacteria
  • Due to trauma to the abdomen

Symptoms of peritonitis

The symptoms that a dog has before a state of peritonitis are several and does not have to manifest all, can effectively give rise to several symptoms but it may also be that the peritonitis appears with only some of these symptoms, so it is important to be alert:

The most conventional symptoms of peritonitis are as follows:

  • Lethargy
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Ache
  • Increased abdominal
  • Abdominal distension

In the presence of these symptoms, the veterinarian must be contacted without delay. The diagnosis of peritonitis is usually not through clinical manifestations but through diagnostic tests, such as through a complete exploration or ultrasound to confirm that it is an inflammation of the peritoneum.


The moment you suspect your dog may suffer from peritonitis it is very important to go to the vet immediately .

The expert will perform to his pet a thorough physical examination in consonance of the detected symptoms and that can explain the causes. The profile for the complete diagnosis includes standard examination, biochemical profile, complete blood count and urine analysis.

In the biochemical profile the liver enzymes will appear high and in addition the bile will be present in the urine. X-rays and ultrasounds will allow visualization of the liver and bile leakage.

All exams together can show your veterinarian if it really is a peritonitis.

Treatment of peritonitis in dogs

Treatment will depend on the type of peritonitis and severity . Generally, there are three basic guidelines in the treatment: stabilize the dog’s physiological constants, treat the infection if it exists and finally locate the correct cause.

In some cases, surgical interventions may be necessary, for example when there is accumulation of fluid and abdominal drainage is required. As already mentioned, the prognosis of peritonitis varies according to each animal and the causes of the disease.

In any case, good veterinary care and strict home care will help your dog overcome this disease.

Prevention of peritonitis

There is no prevention to prevent peritonitis . A regular visit to the veterinarian can help detect it in advance. Remember that, like any disease, the faster you find it, the faster you can act and the simpler the treatment and recovery.

This article is purely informative, in we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.

If you want to read more articles similar to Peritonitis in dogs , we recommend that you enter our section on Bacterial Diseases .

Emily Harris

Hi Guys, Girls, and Cats:-p I am Emily Harris, and you can see in above pic. She loves me I swear. I saved her from a dumpster a few weeks back.

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