Parvovirosis felina – Contagion, symptoms and treatment
The feline parvovirus or feline parvovirus is a virus that causes feline panleukopenia . This disease is quite serious and if left untreated can end the cat’s life in no time. It affects cats of all ages and is very contagious.
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it is important to know the symptoms and especially to protect your cat with the vaccination, since it is the only method of prevention. Very small or unvaccinated kittens should avoid contact with other cats until they have all their vaccinations in order to avoid catching any of the common cat diseases .
In this article of YourCatCareguide we tell you all about feline parvovirus , so that you can recognize the symptoms and act correctly in the face of an infection.
What is feline parvovirus?
The feline parvovirus is a virus that causes the so-called feline panleukopenia . It is a highly contagious and very dangerous condition for cats. It is also known as infectious feline enteritis, feline fever or feline ataxia.
The virus is present in the air and in the environment. So all cats at some point in their life will be exposed to it. It is important to vaccinate our cat against this disease, since it is very serious and can cause the death of the animal. Do not miss our article where we show you the vaccination schedule for cats you should follow.
The incubation period of the parvovirus in cats is 3 to 6 days, and then the disease will progress for another 5 to 7 days progressively worsening. A rapid diagnosis is essential to combat it.
Parvovirus affects the normal division of cells, causing damage to the bone marrow and intestines. deteriorates the immune system, causing a decrease in the number of white blood cells, essential for a response against the disease. Red blood cells also go down causing anemia and weakness.
Contagious parvovirus infection
Sick cats should remain isolated as they are highly contagious. Their feces, urine, secretions and even fleas contain the virus.
As already mentioned, the virus is in the environment . Although the cat is already cured everything that came into contact with it is infected. In addition, the virus is very resistant and can remain months in the environment. In this way, all the utensils of the infected cat must be cleaned: the litter box, the toys and all the areas where you like to lie down. You can use water diluted in water or consult your veterinarian about professional disinfection.
Feline parvovirus does not affect humans , but it should be extremely hygienic to eliminate the virus from the environment. It is advisable to keep young cats, sick or unvaccinated cats from strangers or those who have passed illnesses a few months earlier, away.
The best way to avoid contagion is prevention. Vaccinate your cat against parvovirus.
Symptoms of feline panleukopenia
The most frequent symptoms of parvovirus in cats are:
- Lethargy and fatigue
- Stools with blood
Vomiting and diarrhea can be very severe and dehydrate your kitten very quickly. It is essential to act as soon as possible and to take the cat to the veterinarian when you see the first symptoms. Although it is not unusual for a cat to vomit at any given time, feline panleukopenia is characterized by constant vomiting and considerable weakness.
Treatment of feline panleukopenia
As with other diseases of viral origin, there is no specific treatment for feline parvovirosis. It can not be cured, it only alleviates the symptoms and combats dehydration so that the cat overcomes the disease by itself.
Very young kittens or with an advanced state of pathology have a very low survival rate. When you see symptoms of the disease, go to the vet immediately.
It is usually necessary to hospitalize the cat to be given the appropriate treatment. Dehydration and lack of nutrients will be tackled, and more importantly, to avoid the spread of other diseases. In addition, your body temperature will be monitored.
Because feline parvovirus infection affects the immune system, infected cats are more likely to contract other bacterial or viral infections. Therefore, we insist on going to the veterinarian, as well as extreme precautions to prevent the disease from getting worse.
When your cat returns home, have prepared a warm and comfortable place for him and give him many pampering until he recovers. Once your feline has overcome the disease will become immune to it. But remember to clean all your things to avoid contagion to other cats.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest that you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you wish to read more articles matching Parvovirose felina – Contagion, symptoms and treatment , we recommend that you enter our section on Viral Diseases .