Osteoarthritis in Dogs – Symptoms and Treatment
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Throughout the life of our dog we can observe many changes that occur as the physiological and normal aging process progresses, one of the anatomical structures of our pet that can suffer more over the years is the locomotor system.
In this article from ExpertAnimal we will explain you the symptoms and treatment of ostearthritis in dogs , the most common joint disease that our pets suffer from.
What is canine osteoarthritis
Canine osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease in dogs, affecting mainly middle and advanced dogs. It is estimated that 1 in 5 suffers from this condition, approximately 45% of large breed dogs.
It is a complex and progressive disease that causes a degeneration in the articular cartilage(essential to avoid friction between the two bone ends of the joint) and the formation of new bone tissue in the joint margins, which can cause severe pain.
The joints most affected are as follows:
- Wrist (carpal)
What causes osteoarthritis in dogs
Often osteoarthritis is due to a secondary cause , such as trauma, inflammation, obesity, or intense and excessive exercise. However, some breeds like the German Shepherd or the Labrador Retriever have a genetic predisposition.
Symptoms of canine osteoarthritis
The symptoms of osteoarthritis in dogs are diverse and our pet may manifest one or another depending on the degree of the disease, which can range from mild to severe. Ostearthritis may manifest itself through the following symptoms and signs:
- The dog hides
- The dog does not move
- Aggression if you want to touch the affected area
- Manca after exercise
- Difficulty lifting
- Difficulty moving
- Loss of appetite
If you notice any of these symptoms in your dog you should go to the veterinarian immediately to evaluate the situation and indicate the most appropriate treatment. To check the diagnosis of osteoarthritis, the veterinarian will perform a thorough physical evaluation, although he / she may also make a diagnostic imaging using radiographs.
Treatment of canine osteoarthritis
The treatment of osteoarthritis in dogs should be aimed at relieving pain, improving the mobility and quality of life of our pet and preventing future degeneration of the cartilage, for this we use a treatment not only pharmacological, but also include hygienic- dietary habits.
Complete treatment of osteoarthritis can be done as follows. The veterinarian is the only person indicated to determine what type of treatment the dog should follow:
- Pharmacological treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), allows to control pain and inflammation, quickly achieving symptomatic relief.
- Decrease in body weight if needed.
- Adaptation of the physical exercise taking into account the inflammatory state of the dog, physical exercise of low articular impact.
- Surgery is not the first choice treatment but it may be necessary.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles matching Osteoarthritis in Dogs – Symptoms and Treatment , we recommend you to enter our section on Degenerative Diseases .