Common Siberian Husky Diseases
The Siberian Husky is a breed of wolf-like dog, with its appearance and personality becoming very popular in recent years. They are cheerful and active animals that need a lot of attention and care to stay healthy and become faithful companions of the human being. Moreover, the appearance of the Siberian Husky as we know it today is a product of a well-defined choice, so it is a strong and robust animal with no tendency to contract viral or infectious diseases.
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However, it is well known that breed animals often suffer from certain diseases inherent in their genetic content, and the Siberian Husky is no exception. That is why in YourCatCareguide we will show you the most common Siberian Husky diseases , so that you can easily detect any disease in your furry friend.
O Husky Siberiano
The Siberian Husky is a Nordic dog breed descended from the wolf. Formerly trained to pull the sleds in the snow, so developed a great resistance that remains in the genetic load of today’s dogs.
This breed is characterized by having a cheerful, playful and in turn dominant personality . They tend to be extroverted and get along very well with children and with strangers as long as they trained, so they are not recommended as guard dogs. On the other hand, they are extremely intelligent animals that learn easily and create a very strong bond with the family that they consider their pack, so that instinct leads them to remain faithful to their group. Your nature is extroverted and free.
Like other breeds of purebred dogs, the Siberian Husky tends to suffer from certain diseases, whether hereditary or because their morphology and physical characteristics affect them more easily. This is one of the breeds of dogs with different colored eyes . For years, breeders have joined efforts to permanently eliminate these diseases, and although they have not yet succeeded, the level of incidence in dogs has been reduced. Still, there are still certain conditions that are very likely to affect your Siberian Husky and that, if they fall into eye diseases, skin diseases and hip disorders . Then let’s explain what they are.
Most common Siberian Husky eye diseases
Eye diseases affect the Siberian Husky without distinction of sex and age and can sometimes lead to total loss of vision . They affect the animal regardless of whether the color of its iris is brown, blue or a combination of both.
There are four diseases to which Husky is predisposed: bilateral cataracts, glaucoma, opacity of the cornea and progressive retinal atrophy. The incidence of these diseases in Husky is five percent, but they are considered serious, so in the face of any discomfort, the dog should be taken to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
Hereditary disease characterized by the appearance of opacity in the lens. Although the disease is operable, the dog’s sight does not fully recover. If it worsens, it can end in blindness, so it is important to perform annual check-ups that allow you to detect the disease on time.
They are called juvenile cataracts when they appear in puppies of puppies. There are also developmental cataracts, variety of the degenerative type caused by toxicity, eye injuries or systemic diseases suffered by the animal.
The disease can appear at any age, although it usually develops in a legendary way, until it leaves the Husky blind in some cases. How does it spread in the eye? The cataract affects the lens of the eye, the structure responsible for forming the image in the retina through the rays of light. As it becomes opaque, the amount of light entering it decreases as well as the ability to see. As the problem worsens, the size of the opacity increases.
Occurs when the channel that controls the internal pressure of the eyeball becomes narrower, so this pressure increases as the channel blocks. When Husky is one year old, it is necessary to perform an examination to rule out the presence of the disease, and to repeat this examination annually, since glaucoma in dogs can cause blindness.
It originates in the cornea, but is scattered throughout the rest of the eye preventing vision. It can affect both eyes, although it may not be at the same time or with the same degree of severity.
How does it develop? The dog’s eye begins to produce a series of cone-shaped crystals that cover the cornea until it extends to the surface of the eye. It is an inherited disease, and can appear at any age in the Siberian Husky.
Progressive retinal atrophy
It is a hereditary condition of the retina that causes blindness in the animal and, therefore, is considered as another of the most common Siberian Husky diseases. It does not only affect the retina but also the inner lining of the retina, which is sensitive to the light penetrating the eyeball.
There are two types of progressive retinal atrophy:
- Primary progressive retinal atrophy : it affects night vision, gradually deteriorating it, so it is known as nocturnal blindness. However, it also impairs vision during the day due to a general degeneration of the ocular cells. It can start between the six weeks and the first years of the animal, progressing progressively until it leaves blind. It affects both eyes, though not with the same gravity.
- Progressive central retinal atrophy : In this variant of the disease, the dog has a higher level of vision in dark environments than with light. It is difficult for him to perceive objects that remain motionless, although he can easily detect those who move. Appears between the first year and the fifth.
Most Common Siberian Husky Skin Diseases
The Siberian Husky has a very beautiful thick coat, but it is necessary to be aware of possible skin infections that affect the appearance and health of the dermis. With regard to skin diseases, the most common in Siberian Husky are nasal dermatitis, zinc deficiency and hypothyroidism.
It is caused by zinc deficiency or is usually a symptom of zinc deficiency . Your symptoms are:
- Hair is not nose.
- Nasal lesions.
Deficiency of zinc
This deficiency is genetic in Husky, preventing him from absorbing the zinc that foods contain in the amounts he needs. To diagnose this disease the veterinarian performs a biopsy with tissue taken from the skin. It is possible that the treatment of zinc that the veterinarian prescribes should be administered for life.
Among the symptoms of zinc deficiency we have:
- Hair loss
- Injury to the paws, genitals and face.
It appears when the thyroid stops generating thyroid hormone in the amounts the dog’s body needs to stabilize its metabolism. To treat this failure, you may need to get medications for this for the rest of your life.
The symptoms of hypothyroidism in dogs are:
- Loss of skin, especially in the tail.
- Abnormal thickening of the skin.
Considerations to take into account
Lastly, if at any point you thought about cutting your dog’s hair, considering it is a northern breed, it is best not to do so, as it will expose your Husky to skin infections from which your hair protects you such as allergies, parasites and sunburn.
If you think the heat disturbs your Husky, it is best to allow access to an air-conditioned area or areas of the house that are cooler during the summer.
Most Common Hip Disorders in Siberian Husky
The hip dysplasia is an inherited disorder that affects many breeds of dogs, including the Siberian Husky, suffering from it at a rate of five percent. It consists of the displacement of the femur out of the acetabulum, a bone that belongs to the pelvic joint where it should be coupled. It appears before two years in 95% of cases, being easy to detect since it causes difficulty to use stairs or change of position. When it appears in Husky, it is unable to perform tasks that require resistance, since the intense exercise only aggravates the condition with pain, arthritis and inflammation of the area.
The anomaly is transmitted from parents to offspring as follows: if you suffer from the male, provide the genes of the dysplasia, if you suffer the female, provide the complementary genes to occur the condition in your puppies. It can be improved during the growth phase of the dog with certain exercises for dogs with hip dysplasia , an adequate feeding and controlling the weight of the animal, but in any case can transmit the disease to their puppies, since it is a dog carrier .
When the Husky is born, the hip appears perfectly normal, and the disease only manifests itself during growth. When the indicated exams are performed, four levels of dysplasia are detected :
- Free (does not display anomaly)
The Siberian Husky is usually between free and light. On the other hand, in the dog affected by this disease, low-fat diets are recommended and free of vitamin supplements, to avoid an excessive weight gain. In addition, it is advised to avoid during jumps and training the jumps and the violent movements, that only worsen the state of the bones.
Always remember to consult your veterinarian regarding any signs of the most common Siberian Husky diseases or strange behavior, to discard them or, on the contrary, to be diagnosed and to start the most appropriate treatment.
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This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles the less common Siberian Husky Diseases we recommend you to enter our Prevention section .