Common Diseases in English Bulldog
Did you know that the English Bulldog was initially used as a fighting dog? We are talking about the seventeenth century and between this stage and the contemporary were made numerous crosses to get the English Bulldog we know these days.
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From its appearance stands out its flattened muzzle and its expressive round eyes, its ears are short and its head counts on several folds that give him a lovely appearance. It is a very safe, brave, sociable, quiet dog and ideal for family life, especially when there are children at home.
Hosting an English Bulldog is an excellent decision, but it also comes with a great responsibility, the care of our pet’s health. Want to know which are the most common diseases in the English Bulldog ? In this YourCatCareguide article we explain everything to you.
The eyes of the English Bulldog are especially delicate and as a consequence this breed canine presents a special risk of suffering from the following eye diseases:
- Ectropion : Ectropion in dogs is a disease in which the eyelid moves outwards, compromising the health of the inner part of the eyelid that has now been in contact with the external environment. It is a disease with a good prognosis but whose veterinary treatment is essential.
- Entrópio : The entropy in dogs is the opposite situation to the previous one. In this case, the edge of the eyelid is folded inwards. This situation is characterized by the contact of the eyelashes with the eyeball, which mainly causes irritation, pain and difficulty in keeping the eyes open. The entropy is treated thanks to a surgical intervention.
- Keratoconjunctivitis : This disease can cause serious damage to the eyeball if it is not treated in time. Keratoconjunctivitis causes inflammation in the lacrimal glands, conjunctiva and cornea. This disease causes mucus secretion, redness and even ulcers in the cornea. The treatment consists of the application of humectant drops and antibiotics, although in some cases, it is also possible to resort to surgery.
The flattened nose of the English Bulldog along with its large head causes a phenomenon known as brachycephalic syndrome , this syndrome causes a noisy breathing, which is normal due to the distribution and size of the respiratory structures, but also causes problems that must be treated and that are manifested by the following symptoms:
- Strong breathing, increased snoring or vomiting.
- Respiratory distress, blue mucous membranes.
- Continuous nasal breathing, which is also performed with the mouth open.
In view of these symptoms should consult the veterinarian immediately, as the irrigation of oxygen to the tissues can be compromised. Pharmacological treatment usually takes place through active anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator, however, in some cases surgery may be necessary.
Hip and elbow dysplasia
Although the English Bulldog is not a particularly large breed, unfortunately it suffers from a greater predisposition to suffer from hip dysplasia.
The hip dysplasia is a bone degenerative disease that affects the hip joint , which is uniting the hip with the femur. This joint deforms, which causes the dog to limp and to have pain, observing these symptoms mainly during the exercise. Treatment is usually pharmacological and is intended to relieve symptoms, however, in some cases the veterinarian may recommend surgery.
Elbow dysplasia is a disease that occurs in the growth stage and affects this joint causing inflammation and progressive degeneration of bone and joint tissue . The main symptoms are limping, pain and intolerance to exercise. The first treatment option is orthopedics, however, in severe cases surgery may be required.
The immune system of the English Bulldog is especially sensitive, for this reason this breed is especially predisposed to allergies, which are those exaggerated reactions of the defense cells to a certain allergen. The allergies that affect to a greater degree the English Bulldog are the cutaneous ones.
The skin allergies that we can observe in the English Bulldog are mainly caused by the inhalation of allergens , such as pollen or mold. An English Bulldog with allergy will manifest a constant itching with inflammation and redness of the skin, rashes, lesions and even wounds caused by an excessive scratching.
In this case, the veterinarian should be consulted to find out the causative allergen and define a treatment that can be performed based on antihistamines, topical anti-inflammatories and analgesics or in the most severe cases with corticosteroids to suppress the allergen. response of the immune system.
Advice for Maintaining the Health of the English Bulldog
The fact that the English Bulldog is a breed predisposed to suffer from various diseases does not mean that we can not do anything to prevent the appearance of these conditions , pay attention to the following very important advice to keep your puppy in good condition:
- The English Bulldog does not like exercise, this does not mean that he does not need it, but that it should be a gentle exercise and adapted to the needs that this dog presents.
- It is essential to properly follow the veterinarian calendar of vaccines .
- To prevent overweight in this dog it is important to give him a good diet, adapted to the nutritional needs of each stage of his life.
- To reduce English Bulldog allergies, your environment should be kept clean and sanitized , but do not use aggressive chemicals.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
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