Most Common Diseases in Puppies
When acquiring or rescuing a puppy on the street, some common problems may be more apparent such as scabies, fungal infections, fleas and ticks. Other problems may still be concealed or in their early stages in which the symptoms take time to be noticed by the tutor.
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Because of this, the first thing to do with a new puppy is to take it to the veterinarian for a thorough examination, and only after finding that the puppy is healthy should one be immunized against the diseases by deworming and vaccination.
For you to be aware of the most common diseases in puppies , YourCatCareguide has prepared this article for you.
What are the most common diseases in puppies of puppies
Puppies, being in the early stages of life and developing, are extremely susceptible to diseases because their immune system is not yet fully developed. Therefore, deworming, deworming and vaccination are so important. To help you, YourCatCareguide has prepared this other article in which you can stay inside the Puppy Vaccine Calendar .
However, even with the vaccine protocol of the puppy in progress, care must be taken not to allow the puppy to contact diseased animals , contaminated environments or environments with possible sources of contamination such as public parks and squares, since vaccination is not yet complete , at least up to 4 months of age of the puppy. And yet, we must be careful about some diseases for which the vaccine is not proven effective, such as distemper, heartworm and others.
Most Common Diseases in Puppies
The most common diseases in puppies of dogs are the diseases related to the gastrointestinal tract of the dog , that can have as agents virus, bacteria, protozoa and intestinal worms. Because in the first months the puppies depend on the antibodies received through the mother for breastfeeding, and it is a very great custom to wean the puppies with only 1 month of age, puppies end up being much more vulnerable to a series of diseases that, since diseases of the digestive tract have as main symptom the diarrhea which leads to a rapid dehydration of the puppy.
- Almost all puppies are infected with intestinal worms. The most common parasites found in dogs are Dypilidium , Toxocara canis , Ancylostama sp , Giardia sp. The most common symptoms are diarrhea, weight loss, swollen belly, in some cases when the infection is very large, very young animals can come to death. It is possible to identify the parasitic infectionthrough fecal tests.
- Another common situation in puppies rescued from the streets are fleas and ticks , which are great transmitters of important diseases, such as Babesiosis, Erylchiosis and Anaplasmosis, which can lead the puppy to death. The control of these parasites can be done with the use of specific antiparasites for puppies and with the control of fleas and ticks in the environment. See here on ExpertAnimal, more tips on How to eliminate fleas from the dog .
- The scab is a disease caused by mites , and cause itchy and lesions in the ear tips, nose, elbows, armpits , and the back ends. Some types of mange are transmissible to humans and other animals, and care should be taken when handling a pup with scabies and keeping them isolated from other healthy dogs and cats.
- Fungi also cause a lot of itching and are highly transmissible to other animals.
Communicable diseases in puppies
The most infectious diseases that affect dogs and the most risky to the life of the puppy are:
- Parvovirus – The pup may die within a few days after infection due to injury to the intestinal mucosa which causes him to have diarrhea with blood, dehydrating very quickly. The causative agent is an extremely resistant virus in the environment, and can infect pups and animals with low immunity through contact with feces of infected animals, and even inanimate objects such as food and water jars, including clothes and beds that have been used by a sick animal. The parvovirus has a high incidence in puppies less than 6 months of age and can be fatal, so it is important to avoid places with a lot of agglomeration of dogs whose origin is unknown, since adult dogs may be carriers of the virus in the early stage of the disease , without the tutor being aware of it.
- Cinomose – The causative agent is also a virus, known as canine distemper virus. Transmission can occur directly or indirectly, as the canine distemper virus is resistant in cold and dry environments and can survive for up to 10 years, while in warm and lighted environments they are very fragile, likewise, the virus does not resist disinfectants. The disease caused by the virus affects the nervous system, and although the cure is discovered in its early stages, it is common for the dog to have sequelae, in puppies less than 45 days old, it is almost always fatal. Because of this, it is important to vaccinate the animals and thoroughly clean the environment before the arrival of a new puppy if your previous dog has died due to the distemper .
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you would like to see more articles that are similar to Common Diseases in puppies , we recommend that you enter our section on Infectious Diseases .