Most Common Diseases in Dogs
If your intention is to adopt a new pet or if you already have one, it is crucial that you are informed about the most common diseases that your puppy can suffer to prevent them effectively. The most effective method of prevention is to visit the veterinarian regularly and have the animal vaccinated on time .
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Then you can find a list with basic information about the most common diseases in dogs .
Deworming of the dog
It is very important to de-worh your puppy regularly to avoid problems for him and his whole family. These guests lodge in the body of the dog causing, when in excess, serious cases. If you have a puppy, you should be aware that they are more vulnerable to parasite attacks than adult puppies.
They can be divided into two groups:
- External parasites : In this group are basically included fleas , ticks and mosquitoes. The most appropriate prevention is to put a collar on the dog and apply liquid doses of pipettesevery month and a half or every three months, according to the manufacturer’s recommendation. It is common to apply the remedy after bathing the dog. You can find antiparasitic pipettes and collars at pet stores or at your dog’s medical center. To detect external parasites on the dog, just watch it and check for excess itching. A simple look at your fur is enough to reveal the presence of fleas or ticks. If you are not sure, you can use a comb similar to that used to remove lice from humans.
- Internal Parasites : This group is composed of two types of worms, roundworms and flatworms. To prevent its appearance, we recommend that you give the dog a tablet every three months (at the indicated dose of the product you buy) as a routine control. You will find this product at pet stores and at your usual veterinarian. Symptoms of gastrointestinal parasites include frequent vomiting, groans, and a tendency to overeat (although sudden weight loss is possible).
If you do not know how to treat any of these problems or if you find that the situation is serious, take the dog to the veterinarian immediately.
In addition to the parasites mentioned above, there are others that cause really serious cases:
- Leishmaniasis : These are parasites transmitted through the mosquito bite that multiply in the dog’s white blood cells. Symptoms include weight loss, fever, anemia, arthritis, among others. We must be alert and prevent this disease in our pet ! There is no cure for leishmaniasis, but with a quick detection of the disease, it is possible to improve the quality of life of the dog.
- Scabies : Scabies is a skin disease caused by mites. There are two different types of scabies – sarcotic scabies and demodectic mange – and this is a parasitic disease that is transmitted very easily, although it has treatment. In some severe cases, it may leave marks for the rest of the dog’s life.
- Toxoplasmosis : It is an intracellular parasite that usually carries a mild risk, except when it affects the female fetus. It can be identified through neuromuscular, respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms. Most cases appear in dogs under one year old. It has easy treatment.
There are diseases that are caused by different viruses , such as:
- Coronavirus : It is a viral and infectious disease that affects all type of dogs, especially those that have not been vaccinated. It can be detected at the time you see abundant diarrhea, vomiting and even weight loss in the dog. There is no vaccine for this, it will be the veterinarian who neutralizes the symptoms that the disease causes.
- Hepatitis : Affects, mainly, the liver and can have different causes, such as viral. The main treatment is based on the relief of symptoms and, if not cured, can become chronic and cause liver failure.
- Cinomose : It is a very contagious disease that mainly affects unvaccinated young or old dogs. There is no treatment, so the veterinarian administers a series of care to the infected dog to counteract the symptoms of distemper. The disease can be identified by nasal secretion in addition to other symptoms such as fever or dehydration.
- Parvovirus : It is rare to affect vaccinated adult puppies. This deadly virus appears especially in puppies and has a duration of ten days. If the puppy is not treated at this stage, the disease leads to death. Like almost all viral diseases, parvovirus does not have a concrete antidote, and the treatment relies on trying to alleviate the animal’s symptoms, which include depression, fever and dehydration.
- Anger : Known and feared, anger is a tremendously lethal disease. It is transmitted through bites and direct contact with mucous or saliva. It can be identified by extreme violence without any kind of provocation. There is an anti-rabies vaccine that should be administered when the animal is still a puppy because, once infected, the dog is sentenced to death, and there is no vaccine for that.
These are those that develop thanks to the genetic inheritance of the dog:
- Hip dysplasia: It develops over time, from 4 or 5 months of age although it usually only appears in dogs with advanced age. It affects large or giant dogs, causing a limp or motor difficulty. Although it is a hereditary and degenerative problem, factors such as rapid growth, overeating, or exercise may aggravate the problem.
- Rheumatism : It affects the joints and the cartilage of the same, being a degenerative disease. Symptoms include stiffness, inflammation and pain. Your veterinarian may prescribe glucosamine, chondroitin, and other treatments that alleviate and improve your condition.
Although they are less frequent, this is not why we should forget that there are mental illnesses :
- Epilepsy : It is an electrochemical discharge from the brain that can appear at any time. The crises are repeated for practically the whole life of the sick dog. Episodes can be controlled with medication prescribed by the veterinarian.
Caused by bacteria, these types of diseases can be treated with the use of antibiotics :
- Canine leptospirosis : It is transmitted through the urine and both puppies and rats can be carriers, storing the bacteria in a chronic way without developing the disease. If it is not treated in time, it can cause the pet’s death. Some of the symptoms are fever, diarrhea, vomiting with blood and dark urine.
- Periodontitis : It affects the periodontium (gingiva, tissue, bone and ligaments) and is derived from the formation of tartar and plaque, which makes possible the proliferation of bacteria. Little by little, these bacteria invade the cavity where the root of the tooth is located and end up causing serious infections or loss of teeth. The best way to avoid this disease is prevention.
- Piometra : It is a bacterial infection that is characterized by the appearance of pus inside the cavity of the uterus or matrix. Symptoms include secretions of pus through the vagina. Previously, the treatment was uniquely surgical, removing the ovaries or uterus of the dog. Nowadays, we have medicines that make it possible to study the problem before surgery.
Other common diseases in dogs
In addition to those mentioned above, there are other diseases such as:
- Gastric torsion : It is an acute disease with a very serious prognosis. The causes that cause the bowel rotation are unknown. To prevent your puppy from suffering a gastric twist, avoid large meals at one time, excess water and eat before or after exercise.
- Skin allergies : Just like people, dogs can also suffer from allergies. You should be careful and consult your veterinarian if you notice that your puppy is allergic to some substance.
- Diabetes : Sugar is on the list of prohibited foods for the dog, not only for promoting the onset of blindness but also for causing diabetes. Consult your veterinarian for the treatment your puppy needs in case of excessive thirst, weight loss, cataracts, increased appetite and increased urinary frequency.
- Cryptorchidism : Consists of incomplete descent of one or two testicles. It should be diagnosed as soon as possible and require surgical intervention. It has, in some cases, hereditary origin.
- Otitis : The inflammation of the inner, middle, or outer ear. It can be caused by allergies, bacteria, parasites or foreign bodies. Your veterinarian will be able to investigate the itching, redness or infection your dog may have by thoroughly cleaning the area and offering a treatment that varies with the agent that caused the problem.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles the less you know, the more common Diseases in dogs , we recommend you to enter our Prevention section .