Most Common Diseases in Cats
If you have a cat or are planning to host one in your family, you should be informed about many important things for your care. Among the most important things you should know to help your feline properly are the diseases that they may suffer from.
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In this new article by YourCatCareguide, we indicate which are the most common diseases in cats . We remember that the best way to prevent any of these diseases is to visit the veterinarian regularly and have the vaccination up-to-date.
The most common serious diseases in cats
Like any living thing, felines can also suffer from various diseases, some more serious than others. In the case of cats, the vast majority of these diseases are caused by different types of viruses . Fortunately, with proper prevention it is possible to avoid many for which vaccines already exist.
Below you will find information on the most common serious diseases in cats:
- Feline leukemia: It is a viral disease of cats produced by an oncovirus, that is, a type of cancer transmitted by contact with body fluids. For example, cat fights can cause some bleeding wound when they clean and lick and come in contact with the saliva of other cats. If they share a litter box they can also come in contact with urine and feces from other cats. An infected mother can pass the virus through the milk when breastfeeding the baby, among many other forms of transmission by contact of fluids. This disease usually affects young puppies and kittens and is common in large groups such as creations and street colonies. It is one of the most serious diseases because of the ease of transmission and the extent of damage it causes, including death. It causes tumors in different organs of the body of the affected cat, inflammation of the ganglia, anorexia, weight loss, anemia and depression. The best way to prevent this disease is by vaccinating and preventing your kitten from coming into contact with other already sick animals.
- Panleucopenia felina: This disease is caused by a parvovirus that is in some way related to canine parvovirus. It is also known as feline distemper, enteritis or infectious gastroenteritis. The infection occurs by contact with body fluids of an infected fact. The most common symptoms include fever and later hypothermia, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, weakness, dehydration and anorexia. By performing blood tests, you can see a significant drop in white blood cells and / or leukocytes. This viral disease affects young puppies and kittens more severely. The treatment consists of intravenous hydration and antibiotics, among other things that depend on the advancement of the disease and the state of the sick cat. This disease is deadly, so any sick cat should be separated from others who may remain healthy.
- Feline rhinotracheitis: In this case, the virus that causes the disease is a herpes virus. The virus remains in the airways, causing infections of the respiratory tract. Between 45 and 50% of respiratory diseases in cats are caused by this virus. It particularly affects unvaccinated young cats. Symptoms include fever, sneezing, coryza, conjunctivitis, tearing and even corneal ulcers. It is spread through contact with fluids such as nasal secretions and saliva. This disease can be prevented with adequate vaccination. There is no specific treatment for the disease, and the symptoms are treated. The cured felines become carriers, since they no longer present the symptoms but continue to host the virus, and can infect other individuals. The ideal is prevention through vaccination.
- Calicivirus or feline calicivirus: This feline viral disease is caused by a picornavirus. The symptomatology includes sneezing, fever, a lot of salivation and even ulcers and blisters in the mouth and tongue. It is a widespread disease with high mortality. It makes between 30 and 40% of cases of respiratory infections in cats. The affected animal that is able to overcome the disease becomes a carrier, and can transmit the disease.
- Feline pneumonitis: This disease produces a microorganism known as Ch lamydia psittaciwhich produces a series of infections known as chlamydia that are characterized by rhinitis and conjunctivitis in cats. These microorganisms are intracellular parasites that are transmitted through direct contact with body fluids and secretions. It is not a deadly disease per se but, to avoid complications that can result in cat death, you should consult your veterinarian as soon as possible to start treatment. Feline pneumonitis, along with feline rhinotracheitis and calicivirus, were the well-known feline respiratory complex. Symptoms of feline pneumonitis include excessive tearing, conjunctivitis, sore eyelids, and reddish ocular discharge that may be yellowish or greenish, sneezing, fever, cough, runny nose and lack of appetite, among others. Treatment should be based on antibiotics in addition to eye cleansing with special drops, resting, high carbohydrate diet and, if necessary, fluid therapy with serum. As in most diseases, the best prevention is to have the vaccination up-to-date and avoid contact with cats that may have this disease and transmit it.
- Feline immunodeficiency: The virus that causes this disease is lentivirus. It is known as feline aids or cat aids. Its transmission usually takes place in fights and during reproduction, since it is transmitted through the bite of one diseased cat to another. It greatly affects non-sterilized adult cats. The symptoms that make the tutors suspect this disease include absolute depression of the immune system and opportunistic secondary diseases. These secondary diseases are usually those that cause the death of the sick cat. Experts have not yet found an effective vaccine, but there are some cats that develop resistance to this disease because they are in contact with cats already sick.
- Infectious peritonitis: In this case, the virus that causes the disease is a coronavirus that affects more young cats and, occasionally, the elderly. Its contagion happens mainly through the feces of infected cats when a healthy cat smells them and the virus enters the airways. It is more common in xonas with many cats like breeding grounds, street colonies and other places where there is convivial of many cats. the most notorious symptoms include fever, anorexia, increased abdominal volume and accumulation of fluid in it. This is because the virus attacks the white blood cells, causing inflammation of the membranes of the thoracic and abdominal cavities. If it occurs in the pleura, it produces pleuritis and, if it affects the peritoneum, causes peritonitis. There is vaccination against this disease, but once contracted there is no cure, and it is deadly. That is why, it is best to follow the vaccination protocols and thus prevent your cat from contracting the disease. Only symptomatic supportive treatment can be given to relieve the pain and discomfort that the cat presents. The best prevention is to have the vaccination up-to-date, avoid situations that weaken the animal and cause stress and prevent it from interacting with sick cats.
- Anger: This disease caused by a virus is spread all over the world. It is transmitted between several species of mammals, including humans, thus being a zoonosis. It is transmitted through saliva inoculated with the bite of one infected animal to another. Fortunately, it has been eradicated or at least controlled in many areas of the world through reliable vaccination and is mandatory in several countries.
Other common health problems in domestic cats
In the previous section, we talked about the most serious major diseases. However, it is also important to mention other common and important health problems and diseases that can affect cats:
- Allergies. As with us, cats also suffer from allergies of very different origins. You can consult this article from YourCatCareguide to know more about allergies in cats, their symptoms and treatment .
- Conjunctivitis. Cats have delicate eye health, so they get conjunctivitis easily. Learn all about conjunctivitis in cats by entering our article.
- Periodontal disease. This disease that affects the mouth of your feline is common, especially in elderly cats. It can be fatal if not treated in time. You can also consult tips for taking tartar in cats in our article.
- Otitis. Otitis is not only common in dogs, it is one of the most frequent easy-to-solve health problems in cats. You can consult this article to know all about otitis in cats .
- Obesity and excessive weight. Obesity is a very common problem in domestic cats nowadays. See all about how to prevent obesity in cats in our article.
- Colds. The common cold is common among cats. Even if it is caused by a current of air, it is very frequent in these little hairy ones. In this article, you can find home remedies for influenza in cats .
- Poisoning . Poisoning in cats is more frequent than it may seem. It is a very serious problem for the health of your feline. Here you can find all about poisoning in cats, symptoms and first aid .
General prevention of feline diseases
As mentioned at the beginning of this article, the most important thing to prevent your cat from suffering from any of these diseases is the regular prevention of the agents that may provoke them. You should consult your veterinarian periodically and whenever you detect any symptoms or anomalies that are not normal in your cat’s behavior.
Respect the vaccination schedule as it is essential that your cat is vaccinated since the vaccines administered serve precisely to avoid some common and very serious diseases.
It is essential that you maintain both internal and external de-worming . In case of internal parasiticide, there are products such as tablets, tablets and other chewables with doses of antiparasites suitable for cats. For external spraying, there are sprays, pipettes or collars. Never use any of these products that are not specifically intended for cats. You may think that giving a dose to dogs less than your cat is okay, but it is quite likely that you intoxicate your cat unintentionally.
Finally, you should avoid contacting your feline with others whose health is unknown, especially if your appearance makes you suspect some symptoms of possible problems or diseases.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you would like to see more articles that are similar to Common Diseases in Cats , we recommend that you enter our Prevention section .