Most common cat litter diseases
When we adopt a kitten cat, we must pay attention to its health, since babies cats are more susceptible to infectious diseases than adult cats , that is diseases that are caused by viruses and bacteria and are highly contagious between cats.
CAT Spraying No More REVIEW
Cat Spraying No More is an excellent opportunity for the cat owners to learn about training the cat with a systematic approach. It helps in preventing the unwanted litter issues and other risks of bad feline behavior as well.
YourCatCareguide has prepared this article so you can be aware of the most common diseases that can occur in kittens.
Diseases that affect kittens
The diseases that affect most puppies are infectious-contagious origin, which can be caused by viruses and bacteria, and which, in general, can lead to death if not discovered early on. Because of this, vaccinating the mother of infants and babies is important, but vaccination is not 100% sure that cats will never contract any kind of disease, since adult cats are more resistant to some diseases, and it can happen are carriers of some virus and are asymptomatic, that is, they do not appear to have any clinical symptoms. However, when we insert a baby cat next to this asymptomatic adult, it ends up contracting the virus and being more sensitive becomes sick.
The most common diseases that affect kittens are :
Diseases affecting the upper respiratory tract of felines include those caused by feline rhinotracheitis, Feline Herpervirus and Calicivirus. Rhinotracheitis virus is highly contagious and should separate the diseased cat from other healthy cats, as it is a contact-transmitted agent, and especially catches pups due to non-immunization of the kitten, since the vaccine decreases the chances of the puppy contracting these diseases. Symptoms include coryza, eye discharge, fever, sneezing, conjunctivitis and swelling in the eyes.
The most common parasites that infect puppies are the Ascaris and the Taenias . The Ascaris , in general, can be transmitted through breast milk, so it is not necessary to wait until the cat has one month of life for anthelmintic it. The flatworms, which are those of the Taenia family , are transmitted by fleas. Both parasitoses can cause diarrhea, vomiting, intestinal obstruction, abdominal distension and growth retardation. See this other article by YourCatCareguide on How to know if my cat has a worm .
FIV is caused by the feline immunodeficiency virus and is similar to the HIV virus in humans. It is transmitted through the secretions of diseased cats, usually during fights between cats, or can be transmitted from the mother to the puppies. Some puppies may develop the disease, and others may be asymptomatic, developing the disease only when they are older.
Diseases that kill kittens
The most common diseases in cats and that, in general, are deadly to puppies cats are:
Panleuk virus disease , of the same group as parvovirus in dogs, but specific for cats. This virus is responsible for causing the disease popularly known as feline distemper , and infects young cats up to 1 year because they are not immunized against the virus through vaccination. This disease is deadly in young and highly contagious cats, and the sick cat must be separated from the healthy cat, as the mode of transmission is through secretions such as saliva, feeders and drinking fountains.
It is one of the diseases that affect the respiratory tract of cats, but this one, has high mortality between young cats and adults. The symptoms are similar to those of Feline Rhinotracheitis, so it is important to take the puppy to the veterinarian as soon as he presents the first sneezes and coryza, so that the veterinarian can diagnose, through specific tests to detect the disease. Calicivirus has a high mortality rate and the cat that survives the virus becomes a lifelong carrier of the virus, being able to re-manifest the disease, there is a drop in its immunity again.
FELV is feline leukemia, also caused by a virus called Oncovirus, which is also transmitted through secretions and contact during fights or cats that live together, and from the mother to the offspring. It is a more aggravating disease than IVF, since the puppy, having the lowest immunity, can develop a series of aggravating factors due to the disease, with Lymphoma , anorexia, depression, tumors and the cat may even need a blood transfusion depending on the disease that is contracted by the FELV virus. In most cases, puppies do not survive.
PIF is an abbreviation for Feline Infectious Peritonitis, and is caused by a coronavirus. The PIF can be diagnosed by means of specific examinations and ultrasound to verify the fluid in the peritoneal cavity, which causes an increase of the abdomen, fluid in the abdominal cavity, anorexia, increased respiratory and cardiac frequency, fever and the puppy is extremely debilitated. There is no cure, so it is deadly in 100% of kittens and old cats.
Although these viral diseases have no cure and have a high mortality rate in kittens, it is extremely important to vaccinate the kittens against these viruses, since vaccination can prevent the cat from getting the virus and getting sick. Prevention is the best solution against these diseases, so do not let your cat have access to the street and always keep it indoors, since he can contact sick cats during fights, and end up bringing the virus back to the house contaminating the puppies, that way.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles like the most common diseases in cats, puppies , we recommend you to join our section Prevention .