Mites in Dogs – Symptoms and Treatment
In this article from YourCatCareguide we will explain to you what are the most frequent mites in dogs , the diseases and the symptoms they cause, as well as the recommended treatments. A mite is an arthropod related to spiders, most of them are microscopic, but some species can be observed with the naked eye, such as ticks. In general, all the mites that interest us are parasites, that is, live on a guest, in this case the dog.
CAT Spraying No More REVIEW
Cat Spraying No More is an excellent opportunity for the cat owners to learn about training the cat with a systematic approach. It helps in preventing the unwanted litter issues and other risks of bad feline behavior as well.
Knowing how to recognize the symptoms of mites in dogs is crucial to avoid serious consequences caused by their lodging, since most of the microscopes give rise to diseases of the skin, such as the known scabies. Those of larger size, besides being able to generate problems of skin in the dogs, transmit diseases to both the man and the dogs, for feeding of the blood of the guest. Keep reading and find out all the mites in dogs should know , what the symptoms are and what the proper treatment is.
The most frequent microscopic mites in dogs
The most common microscopic mites in dogs are those that cause the hernias. The most common types of scabies in dogs are as follows:
- Demodectic mange or canine demodicosis . It is a disease caused by the Demodex canis mite . It is commonly found in the hair follicles of dogs, but only causes disease in the face of a descent of the animal’s defenses. It causes areas with an intense redness, especially initially in the muzzle area and in the head. Another symptom of this mite may be itchy or not, depending on the dog. If it is a localized lesion, it can be cured spontaneously, but if it is generalized demodectic mange , the diagnosis is more complicated, since it also gives rise to secondary infections in the skin, aggravating the disease.
- Sarcoptic mange . Caused by Sarcoptes scabiei mite . Usually causes areas of great irritation and intense itching, especially of sudden form. The dog infected by this mite can infect other animals and man.
- Scabies Cheyletiella . It is a relatively benign scab that appears in dogs due to the mite Cheyletiella yasguri and very frequent in dogs. Mites live in the layers of keratin and feed on debris from the skin. As they move they drag with them the flaking they generate, hence the name of the condition. Another of the symptoms of this mite in dog is that they leave the reddish skin (erythema) and cause itching. Parasites can be seen with the naked eye. It is spread by direct contact or through the surfaces where the animal sleeps or rests.
- Ear infection . The Otodectes cynotis mitecauses so-called canine and feline otodectic mange. It is very frequent in both the dog and the cat. Its habitat is the external auditory canal and causes an inflammatory reaction in this place that generates dark wax and a lot of itching in the animal. It usually affects both ears.
Macroscopic mites in dogs
Within the macroscopic mites, in the Iberian peninsula can be the following:
- The typical tick of the dog is the Rhipicephalus sanguineus , which adapts very well to dry climates. It usually has a considerable size and is soft, due to the large amount of blood it can store.
- The other type of tick that can affect the dog (and other species, including reptiles and birds), is the Ixodes ricinus . It is smaller in size, usually hard and black in color.
- There are other types of ticks, such as Demacentor reticulatus , but usually affect mainly sheep.
In contrast, in Central and South America, they would be:
- Dermacentor variabilis . It is the most common and affects both dogs and men.
- Ixodes Scapularis . It focuses more on wetlands, affecting all domestic animals.
- Rhipicepahlus sanguineus . It can be found anywhere in the world.
Treating mites in dogs
In general, all mites in dogs are treated with insecticides . For adult dogs Amitraz baths are recommended, as often as the veterinarian indicates (usually every 2 weeks). Another treatment that is usually recommended is Ivermectin (systemic insecticide).
In the case of puppies, since the most common scabies is cheyleteliosis , it is recommended to brush the animal to eliminate dandruff, apply an insecticide to dogs and also apply insecticide in places that the animal attend at home, as well as wash with a program from hot water to bed and other places of rest.
In the case of the ear mite are recommended optical drops with insecticide incorporated and perform an insecticide spray treatment on the affected animal.
Before attempting to alleviate the symptoms of mites on your dog, keep in mind that treatment should be performed under veterinary supervision . In particular if the dog affected by mites is a puppy, it is imperative to follow the indications of the specialist, since it could proportionate to the animal a treatment that could be even more harmful to him.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read the similar articles to Mites in dogs – Symptoms and treatment , we recommend you to enter our section on Parasitic Diseases .