Renal Insufficiency in Cats – Symptoms and Treatment
Kidney failure in cats is a health problem that progresses progressively and worsens over the years. We must be very alert to any symptoms and act quickly so they can recover in time.
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In this article of YourCatCareguide we help you to identify this alteration, a very habitual illness in any veterinary practice. Next we explain to you all you need to know about kidney failure in cats , both symptoms and treatments. Do not forget that it is essential to use your usual veterinarian as soon as possible.
What is kidney failure and what causes it?
In the urinary system we find the kidneys, the organs that are in charge to filter and eliminate the harmful substances of the body of our cat for the production of urine. Through the filtration of blood, the kidneys have a series of tasks that are vital for all species:
- Maintain a balance between water and minerals
- Eliminate chemicals introduced into the body and substances derived from the protein mechanism such as urea and creatinine.
- Through a hormone that is made in the kidney, erythropoietin, regulates the formation of red blood cells.
These substances that must be eliminated become part of the urine to leave the body of our animals. There are other more complex mechanisms but, for practical purposes, this is the correct renal function.
The renal insufficiency (RI) is a slow but progressive change in these vital functions, being a disease that can be controlled but can not cure. Among the most known causes that cause it to appear we have:
- Kidney damage from poorly administered toxins or medications
- The polycystic kidney disease (common in Persian cats) that is hereditary.
- Cats of old age, more than 15 years.
- Bacterial infections
There are many causes that can lead to kidney failure in the cat, but once it has been triggered, we must be alert to its control and treatment.
Main symptoms of kidney failure in cats
At first, the symptoms of kidney failure may go unnoticed and may even become confused with other diseases. In the face of any of these symptoms we recommend that you refer to the veterinarian:
- Loss of appetite and body weight.
- Increased thirst (polydipsia). To guide you approximately, we know that the normal water intake is 50 ml per kg of body weight per day.
- Increased urine volume (polyuria) when normal is 100 to 150 ml / day.
- Lethargy, depression and poor mobility.
- Vomiting and diarrhea.
- Paleness of mucous membranes (gums).
- Dehydration . We can check your hydration through a “pinch” of the skin of the neck. If the skin delays returning to its normal state and loses flexibility, the cat is probably dehydrated.
- Spleen and excessive yarn loss.
- Bad breath, ulcers in the mouth and / or stomach.
The clinical signs are not consistent evidence for its diagnosis. They are evaluations of the owner and / or veterinarian, but should always be accompanied by laboratory tests. Annual visits from the age of 8 years can help a timely diagnosis of kidney failure. Within the routine examinations chosen, the following may be proposed:
- Complete blood tests (we sought to increase creatinine and urea).
- Analysis of urine (physical, chemical, sediment and sometimes antibiogram).
- Radiographs and ultrasounds are not strictly necessary like the previous ones, but they are usually asked to observe the state of the affected organs.
Treatment of renal failure in cats
Treatment and cat care suffering from kidney failure will be essential since it is a progressive disease. For more than treat the symptoms we see you must have a management and appropriate care to avoid relapse.
To begin with, it is vital to talk about medication since we can find many options. The veterinarian will decide, according to the picture, which one will be the most appropriate for our feline. The use of antibiotics, vitamin complex, minerals and appetite stimulants depend on the patient’s needs and symptoms to show.
The food is another key aspect and is one of the pillars to overcome this condition. It is very wise to choose one of the best diets for cats with renal failure who find in the market, especially those of high quality, but we can also follow homemade recipes for cat kidney failure. It will depend exclusively on us this choice and the diet that our cat has been following.
Finally, we talk about homeopathy , Bach flowers and phytotherapy. If you want to offer this type of products you need to use a professional and do not self-medicate the cat. They are medicines, so if you choose natural therapies, seek a veterinarian who is dedicated to this.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
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