Types of dog hair and how to care for each one
Each dog is unique and the care you need too. In this article we discuss the different types of fur, defining each one and classifying it to find what belongs to your pet.
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Even if you think it is not important, knowing your dog’s coat can help when cutting, bathing, etc. You will also understand better how to regulate your temperature, noticing whether or not you need extra shelter to protect it.
Continue reading this YourCatCareguide article about the dog’s hair types .
Hard hair is thus classified when it reaches and exceeds 10 centimeters in length and has a characteristic thickness. We speak of hard coat in some occasions, such as when we identify a dog with a beard or large eyebrows, coat that must be kept and maintained so that it assumes a unique and characteristic waterproof function.
Some examples of dogs with hard hair are the Schnauzer and the West Highland Terrier (Westie).
During the growth of new hair, the former dries and gets stuck in the thick coat that the dogs possess. It needs to be brushed daily to remove dead hair. Some dogs that have hard coat have two layers of hair, one hard and one soft and shiny.
How should I take care of hard hair?
In addition to daily brushing, you should cut it with electric machines that allow for a custom length. Thus, it will be possible to maintain the typical cut of the breed or to shear, and the hair grows even stronger and harder.
Choose a specific shampoo without oils or fabric softeners , maintaining the naturalness it offers. Washing the dog’s hair every 3 to 4 weeks is enough.
Those who participate in dog competitions with a hard coat should resort to professionals who master the techniques of trimming and stripping .
By curly or beaded
The curly hair is very special as it is characteristic. In addition, it is important to mention that this type of coat is always growing continuously , requiring frequent cuts and care on the part of those who know this type of hair.
The curly hair is characteristic of Poodle dog, Spanish water dog and Kerry Blue Terrier.
How should I take care of the curly hair?
Curly hair requires a more frequent bath than other types of coat since it is more likely to get dirty. It is therefore recommended that you bathe your dog every 20 days or so. A specialmoisturizing shampoo should be used since the hair has a tendency to dry out. During bathing, protect the dog’s ears by drying them very well at the end. Avoid using conditioners that give volume to the hair. Drying should be careful.
The curly hair should have a daily brushing , because the appearance of knots in this type of coat is very uncomfortable for you and the animal. So you need to take some time to remove them.
The cut should be done with scissors, except in some areas that can be worked with the electric machine. If you have no experience, we recommend that you go to a dog center at least once to observe the procedure and take notes.
The short hair is one whose length varies between 1 and 4 centimeters. The appearance of this type of hair is smooth, being common in an infinity of breeds like Pit Bull, Doberman and Boxer.
How should I take care of short hair?
This is the kind of coat that is easier to care for and maintain. The baths should be moderate, every month and a half. More frequent baths can damage the protective structures of the natural coat.
The brushing should be done once or twice a week with a soft brush. Pay special attention to the seasons of hair changes, spring and autumn.
How should I take care of long hair?
This type of coat requires a daily brushing to avoid tangles in the animal. If they appear in the same, you will have no choice if you do not cut a whole wick, such is the difficulty in unraveling the hair in some cases.
As for bathing, once a month will be enough to keep you bright and healthy. Use a shampoo with softener to try to prevent the appearance of tangles, keeping it silky smooth. When finished, use a dryer and a brush at the same time to dry. A metal brush is a good choice, but it should be used very carefully so as not to hurt the dog.
The long haircut should be done with scissors. So, as in the case of curly hair, if you do not have experience of haircut we recommend that you go to a canine aesthetic center . This allows you to observe the professional’s technique and apply it at home later.