Hypoglycemia in Dogs – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
In both animals and humans, hypoglycemia is a sudden drop in blood glucose concentration , which is below normal levels. Glucose is used by the body, human or animal, as a source of vital energy to perform many functions. The liver is responsible for its manufacture and storage for when it is necessary to go to the blood and thus to go to the site that needs more quickly.
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In this article of YourCatCareguide we want to talk about hypoglycemia in dogs, its causes and main symptoms to help you identify in time, since it is something that can become fatal if not met in time.
Causes of Hypoglycemia in Dogs
There are different types of causes, from those caused by us, or veterinarians, to hereditary or genetic, by breeds that are more likely to suffer from this problem because of their size.
The so-called transient juvenile hypoglycemia is found more frequently in the miniature breeds such as Yorkshire Terrier , Chihuahua and Poodle Toy, among other reasons for a prolonged fast. It usually occurs between 5 and 15 weeks of age. It does not happen in all cases, but it is quite frequent and requires immediate veterinary medical attention. In these cases it is important that they always have food at their disposal, at least up to one year of life. This type of hypoglycemia is triggered by stress or excessive exercise, often living in homes with children who want to play all the time, since it is difficult to control. Adding to this the fact that many are so small that they do not have sufficient muscle mass to store glucose and take it in case of over exercise, being more likely to suffer from this condition
In animals that are treated with insulin , liver damage or other organic causes, it happens that sometimes the dose is not calculated correctly and an excess is applied, the animal did not eat enough in relation to the dose received or vomited before. Insulin overdose is often poorly done or because a double injection is given. Another of the common causes of hypoglycemia in dogs is that the animal was more active during the day and therefore the dose that is usually applied is not enough.
Types and Symptoms of Hypoglycemia in Dogs
Hypoglycemia can be classified into 3 types of severity and, if the first stage is not treated properly, the animal will move quickly to the next one, with a greater risk of fatality. The types of canine hypoglycaemia are as follows:
- The mild hypoglycemia can be identified by unusual tiredness or weakness, appetite , and sometimes very presence of chills or shaking.
- In mild hypoglycemia we may see little coordination in our dog, may walk in circles, stagger or show some disorientation. We can also see problems in vision and restlessness, with excessive barking and irritating.
- In the worst state, that is, severe hypoglycemia , you may see convulsions and loss of consciousness, stupor and coma. Death is common in this state.
Treatments for canine hypoglycemia
In any of the states of hypoglycemia, the first thing you should do is offer food to the animalto try to reverse the picture as soon as possible. Once you are sure that your blood glucose level is correct, take it to the veterinarian.
There is a honey or glucose syrup treatment that you can turn to if your puppy does not want to eat. A small or miniature dogs should give a teaspoon and, to large dogs a tablespoon of this natural remedy to regulate glucose levels. Then he will eat normally. It’s a very fast treatment, like a power shock. If you do not want to swallow the honey, you can rub the gums with it, since it will so absorb it, in smaller quantity, but it will act. What is important as owners is to stay calm and, first, do small things at home and then turn to the specialist.
If you do not have honey at home, you can prepare a solution of glucose with water. It is not more than sugar dissolved in water , but we should calculate 1 tbsp per 5 kg of weight of our animal. It is advisable to have it prepared at home in a bottle to use in an emergency.
Once you have stabilized the animal, you should consult the veterinarian to regulate the next dose of insulin and do not re-trigger a picture of hypoglycemia in the dog.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you would like to read more articles similar to Hypoglycemia in Dogs – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment , we recommend you to enter our section on Other health problems .