How To Treat a Poisoned Dog

If you identified the symptoms of poisoning in your dog , applied the first aid but are not sure what may have been the cause of poisoning, the Expert explained to you how to treat a poisoned dog , explaining the symptoms of each type of poisoning and treatment .

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We want to remind you of the importance of going to a veterinarian in these cases, for as much as we can act and help with first aid at the moment, you must be a specialist who should evaluate the health of our poisoned furry and proceed as necessary in each case .

If you own a dog, this article will interest you in how you can act and save your faithful friend in the event of an accident. Here we give you information about the treatments needed for the poisoning produced by different things toxic to dogs and some advice on how to administer medications and the dose required in each case.

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Treatments to follow depending on the cause of the dog’s poisoning

Here we will explain a series of treatments and first aid for the most common causes of poisoning in dogs , which we can do if our veterinarian has indicated us or if there is no other option. It is best that these measures are performed by a veterinarian instead of being us.

Medicines for humans: The vast majority of everyday human medicines are toxic and even deadly for dogs. We must be sure that our partner will not touch what he should not or will not be able to reach certain places where we have the medicines stored, but the truth is that not only do they intoxicate themselves by ingesting these substances by mistake, as sometimes by ignorance we give some of these medicines to lower the fever or minimize other symptoms. This last situation is a big mistake on our part, since most of the drugs are not meant to be tolerated by dogs or cats, and although we give you the lowest dose or the right dose for children, we are intoxicating our pet. Never medicate your pet without first consulting a veterinarian. In the case of the dog ingesting a tablet of these medicines for people we must provoke him to vomit and go to the veterinarian. These are the most common medicines for us butharmful to the health of our pets and can even lead to death:

  • Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin): An analgesic and antipyretic very common for people, but in dogs produces a harmful effect through vomiting (sometimes with blood), hyperthermia, rapid breathing, depression and even death.
  • Paracetamol : It is an anti-inflammatory and antipyretic much used by us but that is also very harmful for our pets. It damages their liver, darkens their gums, produces salivation, rapid breathing, depression, dark urine and can cause death.
  • Vitamin A : Many people have vitamin complexes at home to prevent colds and other common diseases, among other things. In these vitamin complexes Vitamin A is included. In addition, we can find this vitamin in some food supplements and in foods such as raw liver, which we sometimes like to give our puppies. The hypervitaminosis caused by this vitamin causes a number of symptoms in our pets such as drowsiness, anorexia, stiff neck and joints, constipation, weight loss, plus awkward positions like sitting on the hind legs but raising the front legs or lie down but leaving the weight on the ends without getting to relax.
  • Vitamin D : We also find vitamin D in vitamin complexes, in addition to rodenticides and in some foods. Hypervitaminosis D causes anorexia, depression, vomiting, diarrhea, extreme thirst and very frequent and abundant urination. This is due to kidney damage and hemorrhages that occur in the digestive and respiratory tract.

Arsenic : Arsenic is present in insecticides, pesticides and some poisons. The most common symptoms are acute and sometimes bloody diarrhea, poor pulse, general weakness, depression, and cardiovascular collapse. This is due to the acute inflammation that arsenic causes in various internal organs like the liver and kidneys. In this case, if the poison has been ingested less than two hours ago by our dog, the emergency treatment is to provoke vomiting, followed by oral administration of activated charcoal, and after one or two hours administering gastric protectors such as pectin or kaolin.

Cyanide : This substance is mainly found in plants, some poisons and fertilizers. In our dog, cyanide poisoning occurs most frequently by ingestion of plants containing cyanide compounds, such as apple leaves, corn, flax, sorghum and eucalyptus. Another common way to ingest this poison is when you eat some rodent or other animal killed by rodenticides and other poisons against plants. The symptoms usually appear after ten or fifteen minutes after ingestion and we can observe an increase of excitation that quickly turns into respiratory difficulties, which can end in suffocation. The treatment to be followed by a veterinarian is the immediate administration of sodium nitrite.

Ethylene glycol : Used as antifreeze for the car. The symptoms are fairly quick after ingestion and it may happen that we get the feeling that our dog is intoxicated. The symptoms are vomiting, neurological signs, partial unconsciousness, loss of balance and ataxia (difficulty in coordination due to neurological problems). What you should do in this case is to induce vomiting and give activated charcoal followed by sodium sulfate one to two hours after you have ingested the venom.

Shampoo, soap or detergent: Intoxication by these substances causes a series of milder and easier to treat symptoms. Many of these products may contain caustic soda and other corrosive substances, therefore should never induce vomiting. The symptoms that usually occur are dizziness, excessive salivation, lethargy, vomiting and diarrhea. In cases where the dog has ingested a lot, the situation worsens and convulsions, shock and coma can occur. If the amount ingested is too low and the veterinarian does not tell us otherwise, a good way to help our poisoned partner’s body treat these poisons is by giving them milk, water or a mixture of both, once they will join the product toxic ingested while avoiding more severe damage.

Chlorine and bleach: The vast majority of cleaning products we have at home contain bleach and therefore contains chlorine. Many dogs like to bite the bottles of these products, drink the water from the scrub bucket that contains these mixed products, drink the water from the freshly treated pools and bathe them. The first symptoms that occur are dizziness, salivation, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia and depression. As first aid we should give milk or milk with water to our partner intoxicated with a syringe in the mouth of paused form letting it go swallowing by itself. This will make the milk bind to chlorine avoiding further damage to our dog. We should never induce vomiting since it will be vomiting as a result of intoxication and cause more vomiting will only make it weaker and harm our digestive tract, because bleach, chlorine and stomach acids are corrosive. In this case activated carbon should not be administered as it will have no effect. If poisoning occurs not from ingestion but from contact with the skin, we should bathe our friend with a gentle shampoo for dogs immediately and rinse with warm, abundant water so that no remains are left. After bathing you should go to the vet to make sure there was no damage and know what to do next. rinse it with warm, abundant water so that no debris remains. After bathing you should go to the vet to make sure there was no damage and know what to do next. rinse it with warm, abundant water so that no debris remains. After bathing you should go to the vet to make sure there was no damage and know what to do next.

Fluoride : This substance is found in products for oral hygiene of humans, rat poisons and environmental acaricides. Since fluoride is toxic to puppies and cats we should never use our toothpaste to wash our teeth. You can find special toothpastes for sale with different flavors that do not contain fluoride. Symptoms are nerve signals, gastroenteritis, increased heart rate and depending on the level of poisoning to death. In the case of severe poisoning, the animal should immediately be administered intravenous calcium gluconate or magnesium hydroxide or oral milk to the animal so that these substances bind to the fluoride ions.

Coal tar : This toxic substance is made up of various products like cresol, creosote and phenols. They are found in home cleaning products and other products. This type of intoxication causes stimulation of the nervous system, weakening of the heart and damage to the liver, with the most common symptoms being weakness, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and mucous membranes due to increased bilirubin), loss of coordination, excessive rest being lying down and even comatose state and depending on the level of poisoning, death. There is no specific treatment. But if you have recently ingested, saline and charcoal solutions may be given, followed by egg whites to minimize the corrosive effects of the venom.

Insecticides : These include products containing compounds of chlorinated hydrocarbons, pyrethrins or pyrethroids, carbamates and organophosphates, all toxic to our puppies. The symptoms in this case are frequent urination, excessive salivation, cramps, ataxia, difficulty breathing and seizures. First aid is the induction of vomit with 3% hydrogen peroxide followed by the administration of activated charcoal. In any case, it is best to call the veterinarian urgently to administer to the intoxicated dog the specific antidote for the type of active ingredient found in the insecticide that caused the poisoning.

Cantharids and other insects : Cantharidae is an insect called Lytta vesicatoria, also known as “Spanish fly” and that is metallic green color. This insect contains a toxic chemical also called cantharide. It releases a very irritating substance that causes blisters on the skin and mucous membranes. It is known that in small amounts, for example between 4 and 6 g, are toxic to cats, so an average dog is needed more grams, but can also cause intoxication. The most common symptoms are depression, abdominal pain, darkening of the mucous membranes, anorexia and irritation of the digestive and urinary tract. There is no specific treatment, but if we detect timely poisoning, activated charcoal may help. The appropriate dose to be administered of activated charcoal will be as explained below and in the case of severe poisoning.

Alcohol: In the case of alcohol poisoning in dogs, the most common are ethanol (alcoholic beverages, disinfectant alcohol, fermenting dough and elixirs), methanol (cleaning products such as windscreen wipers) and isopropyl alcohol ( alcohol disinfectant and anti-flea aerosols for animals made with alcohol). The toxic dose is between 4 and 8 ml per kg of weight of the affected animal. Isopropyl alcohol is twice as toxic as ethanol. Intoxication by this type of alcohol is more common in our pets through absorption of the skin than by ingestion. Symptoms occur between the first half hour and one hour after intoxication. The most common are diarrhea, tremors, loss of coordination, vomiting, disorientation, difficulty in breathing and in the worst cases due to this respiratory insufficiency that ends up causing the death of the animal. As first aid we must provide ventilation, so we must take the dog to an outdoor place without being exposed to the sun, and if recent alcohol intake should induce vomiting. We should not give him activated charcoal because it will not do any good. Then we should go to the vet to make sure he is no longer in danger.

Mothballs : They are very toxic to dogs when they are swallowed. The substances that these pellets contain affect the liver and the central nervous system. The symptoms that occur are seizures and vomiting. Never induce vomiting, take the veterinarian as soon as possible.

Treatments to follow by food and plant poisoning

These are foods that we often eat but that are some of the most toxic food for our furry friends:

  • Chocolate: Chocolate contains a chemical belonging to methylxanthines, more specifically theobromine. This substance in humans does not cause any damage since we have enzymes that can metabolize it and convert it into other safer elements. But, dogs and cats do not have these enzymes so that with little amount of chocolate can already intoxicate. So it is a human food that we like and so we often give our pets premium chocolate chips and that is a big mistake. You should know that at pet stores and veterinary clinics they sell specific premiums for dogs that can replace chocolate and do not contain theobromine as they are made especially for them. The more cocoa you have the chocolate that our dog eats, the more theobromine there will be in this chocolate and the more intoxicated the dog will become. The symptoms of chocolate poisoning usually occur between six and twelve hours after eating it. The symptoms and major signs are vomiting, salivation, insatiable thirst, diarrhea, restlessness and swollen belly. Over time the symptoms progress and occur hyperactivity, frequent urination, bradycardia, tachycardia, difficulty breathing, tremors, heart and respiratory failure. The first-aid treatment in this case is to induce vomiting as soon as you notice that the dog has eaten a dog, after which you should give him activated charcoal orally. If the chocolate intake has been for two or more hours then the vomit will not be very useful, as the stomach digestion process has already begun. That is why,
  • Raisins and grapes: Both grapes and raisins are toxic to dogs and fatal if consumed in large quantities. It is known that in dogs the toxic dose is 32 g of raisins per kg of body weight and 11 to 30 mg per kg of body weight in the case of grapes. Poisoning by these fruits develops acute renal failure leading to death. Symptoms include vomiting, extreme thirst, dehydration, diarrhea, weakness, lethargy, inability to produce urine, and eventually kidney failure. What we should do in case of suspected grapes or raisins from our dog, especially if it is an important amount, is to take it to the veterinarian immediately and induce vomiting to our dog as soon as possible. In the veterinarian, in addition to other necessary things, urination will be induced through intravenous fluid therapy.
  • Wild Mushrooms : It is necessary to inform yourself what kind of mushroom your dog ingests, to know if it will be toxic to him. There are a multitude of mushrooms and many can be highly toxic to our pets. One of the most poisonous mushrooms in our dogs is Amanita phalloides , which is quite toxic. The symptoms that occur are vomiting, mild diarrhea, other digestive problems, neurological disorders and liver problems. When we see that our furry companion eats a wild mushroom toxic to him, we must induce vomiting and then give activated charcoal.
  • Onion : The onion contains a toxicant called thiosulfate. The dogs that are poisoned by this component of the onion is because they usually eat onion in the usual way in their diet or because they ingested a great quantity at a time. This poisoning causes hemolytic anemia which is a dangerous condition as blood cells are lost through vomiting and diarrhea. Therefore, if we detect symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting with blood in our dog, we must immediately take it to the veterinarian where they will be examined and the most appropriate treatment will be applied together with the fluid therapy.
  • Garlic : Garlic contains the same toxin as onion, thiosulfate. Using a little garlic in small quantities from time to time as natural repellent against fleas can be beneficial to the animal. But we must be very careful and in case of detecting the symptoms, should act as we explained in the case of the onion.
  • Plants: There are many plants that are toxic to our dogs, other than those we mentioned before that contain cyanide. The symptoms are different because they will depend on the plant ingested and the quantity. But generally, vomiting and central nervous system problems occur. Depending on the type of plant and its toxic and depending on the amount ingested by our dog, coma and death may occur. This is a list of the most common plants that intoxication in dogs: tomato, spinach, azalea, saffron, avocado and its leaves, oleander, acacia, mallard, belladonna, foxglove, hemlock and aquatic version, yew, amaryllis, ricinus philodendron narcissi hedera rhubarb poinsettia mistletoe holly berries aloe vera alfalfa amaryllis apple seeds apricot fern asparagus bird of paradise caladium water lily adam,marijuana , mistletoe, campanula, nephthytis, solano, onion, peach, cactus, poinsettia, rhus, oak, potato plant, primrose, rhododendron, philodendron and wisteria.

Dose advice and oral administrations

Next, we will advise you on the different ways to provide the products mentioned in the previous sections to treat poisoning in dogs:

  • The most effective way for our dog to swallow an oral solution is to introduce the syringe on the side, that is, between the teeth and the dog’s chin, so that it is more difficult to expel the liquid we want to administer and easier to swallow it if you realize it. It is important to never give the preparation top at a time, give 1 ml at a time, wait for it to swallow the liquid and go to the next ml.
  • Induction of vomiting: We must buy at the pharmacy or make a home solution of 3% hydrogen peroxide and use a child syringe to administer the solution orally. We should never use solutions that have concentrations higher than 3% hydrogen peroxide as some products for the hair, as we will further damage our pet. To prepare this solution and administer it properly you should know that the dose of 3% hydrogen peroxide is 5 ml (1 teaspoon) per 2.25 kg body weight and is always given orally. Administer the dose every 10 minutes for up to 3 doses. If you are able to administer this oral solution soon after the poisoning, in this case you should use 2 to 4 ml of this solution of hydrogen peroxide 3% per kg of body weight. You can also induce vomiting with salt water or a little mustard.
  • Activated charcoal : The normal dose is 1 g of dry powder per one-half kilogram of body weight. The activated carbon powder should be dissolved in the smallest volume of water possible to form a kind of thick paste and use the syringe to administer it orally. Repeat this dose every 2 to 3 hours for a total of 4 doses. In case of severe poisoning the dose changes from 2 to 8 g of body weight once every 6 to 8 hours for 3 to 5 days. This dose may be mixed with water and administered with a syringe orally or with a stomach probe. Activated charcoal is sold in liquid form already diluted in water, powder or pellets that we can dilute ourselves at home.
  • Milk or milk mixture with water : We can give you milk alone or in a 50% dilution with water when we want it to bind with certain poisons, for example with fluorine, and thus the passage to the organism is less harmful. The appropriate is a dose of 10 to 15 ml per kilo of body weight or what the intoxicated dog can consume.
  • Pectin or Kaolin : Should be administered by the veterinarian. The indicated dose is 1 to 2 g per kg of body weight every 6 hours for 5 or 7 days.
  • Sodium nitrate : It should be administered by the veterinarian. 10 g in 100 ml distilled water or isotonic saline solution should be given at a dose of 20 mg per kg body weight of the animal affected by the cyanide.

If someone has purposely poisoned your dog, this is a crime and punishable by law! Read our article on how to report maltreatment to animals .

This article is purely informative, in we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.

If you want to read the similar articles in How to Treat a Poisoned Dog , we recommend that you go into our First Aid section .

Emily Harris

Hi Guys, Girls, and Cats:-p I am Emily Harris, and you can see in above pic. She loves me I swear. I saved her from a dumpster a few weeks back.

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