How to know if my cat has toxoplasmosis
When we talk about toxoplasmosis we are referring to an infectious disease that can affect cats. The disease becomes really worrisome if the cat owner is a pregnant woman.
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It is a disease that can be transmitted to the fetus (hardly) of the pregnant woman, and for this reason is a subject of concern on the part of some families.
If you are worried and want to rule out the fact that your cat suffers from toxoplasmosis, in YourCatCareguide we help you with useful information of interest. So, keep reading this article and learn how to tell if your cat has toxoplasmosis .
What is Toxoplasmosis
Toxoplasmosis is an infection that can be transmitted to the fetus . The odds of this happening are very low, however in the face of pregnancy it is entirely understandable that many women are interested in the subject and try to find out how they can identify toxoplasmosis.
The toxoplasmosis parasite can be found in the raw meat and feces of infected cats , being transmitted basically by direct contact with either of these two elements. It may happen that the cat litter is improperly washed and the infection spreads.
About 10% of cats worldwide suffer from it and about 15% are carriers of this disease that usually spreads when the cat feeds on wild animals such as birds and mice.
Contagion of toxoplasmosis
As previously mentioned, toxoplasmosis is transmitted through direct contact with the feces of the infected animal or through raw meat. It is for this reason that many veterinarians recommend taking the sandbox stool with gloves , thus avoiding direct contact. They also recommend not handling raw meat.
Contagion can occur at any stage of pregnancy, although it is really serious when it occurs in the first three months, during the formation of the embryo. Contagion can occur without realizing it, because it is an asymptomatic disease , that is, it does not manifest clear symptoms that make us identify the disease.
To detect toxoplasmosis
As we mentioned before, toxoplasmosis is an asymptomatic disease , this means that at the beginning the infected cat does not show clear symptoms of being suffering from a disease. However, we can detect some anomalies in the cat if it is suffering from toxoplasmosis such as the following:
- Low defender
- Lack of appetite
- Difficulty breathing
To detect toxoplasmosis, it is advisable to perform a blood test on our cat at your usual veterinarian. This is the most reliable examination that will reveal if the animal is indeed sick. Stool analysis is not recommended because it is not determinant at all stages of the disease.
Avoid toxoplasmosis in cats
Toxoplasmosis can be prevented with a proper diet based on packaged products, such as feed or moist food, which are fundamental in cat feeding . Removing raw food is the best option, no doubt.
Most domestic cats live indoors, so if the animal has its vaccines up-to-date, eat prepared food and has no contact with other animals abroad we can rest easy, since it is unlikely to suffer from this disease .
Treatment of toxoplasmosis in cats
After performing a blood test and having confirmed the presence of toxoplasmosis in the cat, the veterinarian issues a diagnosis and that is when we can start treatment to fight the disease.
In general, an antibiotic treatment is applied for two weeks , parenterally or orally, although in general the second option applies. At YourCatCareguide we remind ourselves of the importance of following the veterinarian’s instructions if we suffer from the disease, for this reason we must carefully follow all the steps that indicate us, especially if there is a pregnant woman at home.
Pregnant women and toxoplasmosis
If our cat has already been infected for a long time or if we had a cat that had suffered from toxoplasmosis before, it could be that the pregnant woman has also suffered the disease also some time, relating her symptoms as a mild cold.
There is an effective treatment to combat toxoplasmosis in pregnant women, although most of the time it does not need any treatment if the pregnant woman does not show evident signs of the disease (except for severe cases in which the symptoms persist repeatedly).
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles the How to know if my cat has toxoplasmosis , we recommend you to enter our section on Infectious Diseases .