How to detect nutritional deficiencies in a cat
The continued use of very basic or poor quality feeds can have an impact on the health of our cats causing nutritional deficiencies.
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When this happens, several symptoms appear gradually in the cat that show nutritional deficiencies in the cat. It can also happen that some kind of digestive disease, or parasites affect the cat’s health and produce nutritional deficiencies.
In order to help you, in Animal Expert we publish this article in which we explain how to detect nutritional deficiencies in the cat .
Usually the nutritional deficiencies in the cat happens due to the ingestion of unbalanced rations , something common among the rations of low quality. Very basic foods in which the nutritional balance stands out by its absence.
Another type of food that despite the good will of the owners is deficient in nutrients are home diets . These home diets are excessively rich in phosphorus and deficient in calcium, which produces chronic renal failure.
Another serious error that occurs in some home diets is the absence of taurine in its composition. Taurine is an indispensable element for the correct nutrition of cats, It is found in the liver of the cow, and to a lesser extent in the liver of the chicken. See the Animal Expert article where we show you foods rich in taurine for cats .
6 symptoms of nutritional deficiencies
To know how to detect nutritional deficiencies in the cat, it will be fundamental to review the usual symptoms of nutritional deficiencies among cats, which are as follows, pay attention:
- Dull hair: The hair looks dull and rough.
- Appetite Disorders: Disorder episodes of consumption appear, followed by little desire to eat.
- Skin changes: Dermatitis, seborrhea or dandruff are usually caused by nutritional deficiencies.
- Stool changes: Diarrhea or constipation is often associated with nutritional deficiencies.
- Sudden changes in body weight: Obesity, or sudden weight loss are clear signs of poor nutrition.
- Anomalous behavior: Poor nutrition leads to changes in behavior in the cat.
On some occasions cats develop food allergies . There are not too many frequent episodes, but when they happen they can be serious. Normally they are due to an allergic reaction to a protein of a certain food, which causes an allergic inflammation in the cat. The usual symptoms are:
- Skin problems
- Recurrent Otites
- Vomiting and diarrhea
- Continuous tricobezoars (balls of hair in the stomach)
Find out more about food allergies in cats in YourCatCareguide and do not hesitate to go to the vet if you suspect that your feline may be suffering from this problem.
The carbohydrates are the macronutrient responsible for the energy balance in the cat. If there are deficiencies in these elements, the cat will appear apathetic, weak, without energy and over time will suffer from ketone disorders. Your breath smells like acetone .
If there are protein deficiencies in cat food, the animal will suffer various disorders, since proteins are responsible for regenerating body structures, forming new tissues, and for protection against possible infections. White blood cells and the immune system depend on proteins. The usual symptoms of protein deficiencies in the cat are:
- Developmental disorder
- Loss of muscle mass
- Recurrent Infectious Diseases
- Changes in the epidermis and hair
Deficiencies in lipids
Fats (lipids) are the essential responsible for the creation of cell membranes that serve to help protect the organs of the cat and carry the fat-soluble vitamins. Lack of lipids causes the following symptoms:
- Weight loss
- Dry hair
- seborrhea and scaling in the epidermis
- Recurrent Infectious Diseases
Vitamins are essential micronutrients for the correct chemical reactions present in the body of the feline. The vitamin deficiencies in the cat cause the following symptoms:
- Lack of appetite
- Blood clotting problems
- Low body temperature
- Neurological anomalies
Deficiencies in trace elements
The trace elements are the essential minerals that the body needs for its correct functioning. The main symptoms that produce the deficiencies in trace elements are:
- Delays in growth
- Dry dermis and hair loss
- Changes in skeletal and musculature
- Continuous infectious diseases
- Restless character
Correction of nutritional deficit
Since you have noticed different nutritional deficits can cause similar symptoms. For this reason, in case of any strange symptoms, you should go to your veterinarian to evaluate the state of health of the cat, especially if you could detect nutritional deficiencies in the cat.
An analysis and deep knowledge on the part of the professional will determine a diagnosis that will cure your cat, and thus will end the nutritional deficiency.