How long is the gestation of an elephant
Elephants are very large animals and very intelligent and are currently the largest land animals in existence. They are relatives of the extinct mammoths, a mammal that lived up to 3700 years ago.
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The gestation period of an elephant is very long, of the longest that exist today. There are several factors that influence the length of the period, one of them being the size of the elephant as a fetus and the size it should have at birth. A determining factor in the time of gestation is the brain, which has to develop enough before it is born.
In the expert animal will know more details about the pregnancy of an elephant and may thus know how long the gestation of an elephant lasts and some other details and curiosities.
The fertilization of the elephant
The menstrual cycle of the female elephant lasts from 3 to 4 months so it can be fertilized 3 to 4 times a year and these factors make pregnancy a bit more difficult in captivity. The mating rituals between male and female are short lived, tend to rub together and hug their trunks.
Females usually flee from males, who must then go after them. Male elephants shake their ears longer during mating seasons than at other times, in order to spread their scent and have a better chance of reproducing. Older males age 40 and 50 are the most likely to mate. On the other hand the females can have a gestation from the 14 years of age.
In the wild many aggressions occur among males to get the right to mate, where the younger ones have few possibilities in the face of the strength of the elders. They must wait until they are more mature to reproduce. It is normal for males to cover the female once a day for 3 to 4 days and if the process is successful the female enters the gestation period.
The gestation of the elephant
The pregnancy and gestation of an elephant can last approximately 22 months , this being one of the longest processes of the animal kingdom. There are several reasons to be so, for example one of them is that the elephants are very large even when they are still just fetuses.
Due to size the development of the elephant in the womb of the hand is slower and the gestation ends up being lens because it goes arm in arm with the development of the elephant. Pregnancy in elephants is killed thanks to various ovarian hormones known as luteal bodies.
Gestation time also allows the elephant to properly develop your brain , something very important since they are very intelligent animals. This intelligence serves them to feed themselves by using their trunk for example, and this development also allows the elephant to survive at the time of birth.
Curiosities of the gestation of the elephants
There are certain interesting curiosities about elephants and their gestation.
- Elephants may be artificially inseminated, however this requires invasive methods.
- Elephants have a hormonal process that is not evident in any other species so far.
- The gestation period of an elephant is ten months longer than the blue whale, which has a gestation period of one year.
- An elephant calf should weigh between 100 and 150 kg at the time of birth.
- Elephants when they are born can not see, are practically blind.
- Between each birth the interval is approximately 4 to 5 years.
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