Hormonal tumors in dogs
Veterinary science has advanced a lot and this constant progress makes it possible to accurately detect and understand all the conditions that affect our pets, how to treat them, what their prognosis is and whether there is any method to prevent them.
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This increased knowledge can lead to a false perception that dogs get sick more and more easily, but that does not work that way, and in a way, we should feel relieved to know what to do when our dog gets sick. In other articles, we have already talked about cancer in dogs , but today this article from YourCatCareguide will be exclusively dedicated to hormonal tumors in dogs .
What is a hormonal tumor?
To properly understand this concept, we must first understand that the term “tumor” refers to an abnormal growth from a mass which, naturally and in principle, physiological, was already in the body of your dog.
Do not think that any tumor is cancer, some tumors are benign , which means they do not present risks of metastasis (expansion) and that the biggest problem they can give is the pressure exerted on adjacent organs and tissues, as well as the discomfort and disorder that this can lead to your pet.
However, other tumors represent much more than an abnormal growth of a mass. In this case, we speak of malignant tumors or cancerous tumors and in this case there is a risk of metastases – these cancer cells do not die and can reproduce, migrating to other tissues.
In medical nomenclature, these two types of tumors have different names. Check out the definitions to understand this important difference:
- Adenoma : Benign (non-cancerous) tumor of the glandular tissue.
- Carcinoma : Malignant (carcinogenic) tumor that forms from the tissue that lines the organs.
A hormone tumor can be benign or malignant, but the characteristic that differentiates it is the fact that it is directly linked to certain hormones, that is, this tumor contains hormonal receptors and, the more hormonal it captures, the more it grows, regardless of its nature.
What kind of hormonal tumors affect dogs?
The three types of hormonal tumors in most common dogs are as follows:
- Adenoma perianal sebáceo
- Adenocarcinoma perianal sebáceo
- Sebaceous perianal adenocarcinoma of apocrine glands
By the nomenclature, it is possible to conclude that one of these hormonal tumors is malignant. However, what has been indicated first is benign, although it can also cause discomfort to be located around the anus, making it difficult to evacuate the stool and causing bleeding.
These tumors usually affect older male dogs that have not been neutered . This is because they depend on hormonal levels, castration being one of the best ways to prevent them. Check out other benefits of canine castration here .
However, females are not free of this problem, although the only ones that may present perianal adenomas are those that have been sterilized by ovarioisterectomy (surgical extraction of the uterus and ovaries).
How to treat hormonal tumors in puppies?
Initially, the veterinarian should do a biopsy , that is, extract a small sample of the affected tissue to examine it and thus determine if the cells that are in the same tissue are carcinogenic or not. This will allow him to know what the nature of the tumor is.
Whenever possible, a surgical extraction should be performed . Estra is an aggressive surgery in the sense that they should leave all the edges clean so that the tumor does not reappear.
When the tumor is cancerous, it is necessary to examine its dependence on hormone levelsaccurately and, in addition to surgery, other methods such as chemotherapy may be used so that the cancer does not recur. The accuracy of the treatment, the duration of the treatment and the prognosis depends on the particular case of each dog.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles that might be updated, please visit our other health issuessection .