Russian dwarf hamster
The Russian dwarf hamster , as the name implies, comes from Russia, although it is also present in Kazakhstan. It is a pet very common among children, as it does not require excessive care and has a pleasant attitude, close up, with whom it is in charge of feeding.
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This rodent can withstand very low temperatures since it comes from the steppe.
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It has a small size , measuring between 7 and 11 centimeters in length and weighing between 35 and 50 grams. Its tail is short and the body plump, which many people consider lovely. In general, it can be found in nature in shades of coffee, gray and white. They have a black line on the back and a black spot on the shoulder. The belly is almost always white.
Ignoring the traditional colors, those who work in their reproduction combine examples of different colors that result in different color agents (sepia, with a golden back line), cinnamon (gray), mandarin (orange) or pearl (light gray).
We can distinguish the male and the female through the distance between the holes of the anus and the vulva. Those of the female are closer together, while those of the male are more separated. It is also possible to solve the mystery if you can identify the testicles.
He is an exceptionally sweet and sociable hamster and perhaps because of this, many parents choose him as a pet for his children. Although it is a friendly and friendly hamster, it is not recommended that they live in same-sex pairs because they are territorial among their kind.
They are more active at night when it is possible to hear them spinning in their classic wheel doing exercise. By day they usually sleep more, although they can also stay awake.
One thing to keep in mind is that hibernate , although this does not usually happen in captivity. If they do, they can spend a whole week without leaving their nest, which may make the tutor think he is dead. In this phase, they usually carry out an unusual phenomenon, changing their hair and becoming clearer.
They are omnivorous rodents in nature, which means that they feed on both seeds and insects. In captivity, simply offer seeds like sunflower, corn, barley, safflower … You can also include fruit in your diet once or twice a week, such as apple or strawberry (no citrus!) Or greenery, such as broccoli or peppers green.
You will find, in animal shops, specific seed preparations. Just add the doses of fruit, vegetables and some insect if you wish. Otherwise, you can offer cheese without salt, cooked egg yolk or some turkey ham.
The fresh, clean water should not miss. Use a rabbit-like drinking fountain to make it more comfortable.
In the wild it lives in underground burrows although in captivity we obviously use a cage. You can choose a large terrarium or a cage of adequate size but you should make sure that it does not have very separate bars or breakable material. Otherwise the Russian hamster will escape.
You should have something to chew as your teeth grow non-stop throughout your entire life. Look for a branch or toy you find in pet stores. You should also offer them a wheel for you to exercise and even if you have space, a circuit.
Clean your habitat regularly to prevent disease by always avoiding dust. You should also remove the leftovers from fruit and vegetables that the hamster can eat and as a consequence get sick.
The Russian dwarf hamster can suffer from diarrhea if you eat sweets or too much greenery: keep in mind that you can only eat extra food two or three times a week. You can also suffer a total fall in case you are weak or lacking vitamins, so buy vitamins that can be mixed in the water in your usual store,
If you do not properly clean the cage’s dust, it can end up in the hamster’s eyes and cause conjunctivitis. In principle, it should be resolved on its own in a few days but, in some cases in particular, you should call your veterinarian to recommend antibiotics or anti-inflammatories.
Another common illness is neurological paralysis that can be identified when the hamster ceases to have mobility in the hind legs. Usually this happens as a result of a fall.
It can prevent all diseases by providing adequate nutrition and regular hygiene of the animal.