Gingivitis in Cats – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
The cat is one of the domestic mammals with fewer teeth, it is 30 and, like other mammals, loses its milk teeth between 4 and 6 months. The health of the cat’s mouth is critical as it uses its mouth to hunt, cleanse itself and of course to feed.
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Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums and a frequent problem in cats and if not treated properly it can worsen. This problem can affect cats of all ages but occurs more often in young or young adults.
In this article of YourCatCareguide we will explain to you all about gingivitis in cats , their symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention.
Symptoms of gingivitis in cats
To help a cat with gingivitis, the first thing to do is identify the problem . Gingivitis usually starts with a thin red line along the gums, in addition to the swollen and red gums. A cat with gingivitis will have pain and can eat, especially refusing dry ration because this type of ration is hard and causes more discomfort and pain than a moist and soft ration, it can also present bad breath and stop cleaning itself.
Gingival pain can lead to changes in behavior such as depression , your cat may become more irritable and may even bite more. The most important signs that we can observe in cats with gingivitis are:
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Difficulty swallowing (dry feed)
- Do not let your mouth touch
- Bad breath
- Excess salivation
- Behavioral changes
It is important to note that many other conditions of mouth and teeth, other than gingivitis will cause these same symptoms, so if you observe these signs should consult a veterinarian to make a diagnosis and confirm if it is a gingivitis.
Causes of gingivitis in cats
The first thing we want to avoid is poor dental hygiene , dental plaque contains toxins that can cause gingivitis, which is usually associated with the presence of tartar.
But the cause of a gingivitis is not necessarily poor dental hygiene, there are other factors that may favor the triggering of gingivitis in your cat: a diet with soft feed , an immune problem associated with bacterial activity.
Feline gingivitis can also be caused by a virus in the mouth of your cat: the most frequent virus guilty of the appearance of a gingivitis is the calicivirus. You can vaccinate your cat regularly to immunize against the calicivirus.
Feline leukemia virus can also be a triggering cause of feline gingivitis, as well as kidney failure. You will find in the ExpertAnimal some tips for taking tartar in cats .
Treatment of feline gingivitis
In cases of mild or moderate gingivitis , the veterinarian can usually give some analgesics and then to control the cat’s plaque indicate antibiotics along with mouth cleansing and dental polishes, in addition to home brushing and mouth rinses.
If some teeth have odontoclastic reabsorption, the affected teeth should be removed. In cases of cats suffering from calicivirus will be made a specific treatment with interferons to fight the virus.
In more advanced or severe cases , complete extraction of the teeth affected by gingivitis should be performed.
Prevent Gingivitis in Your Cat
The best and only really effective measure to prevent the onset of gingivitis in your cat is to brush your teeth .
Brushing your teeth to a cat may not be an easy task, so we advise you to get your cat used to it as long as it is a puppy. Brush your teeth about 3 times a week using a toothpaste for cats, since humans contain fluoride that can be toxic to your cat.
The brushing of your teeth also allows to prevent oral problems in general and is a good opportunity for you to prove the state of oral health of your cat.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you would like to read more articles similar to Gengivite in cats – Symptoms, causes and treatment , we recommend you to enter our section of Other health problems .