Gastritis in Cats – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
The gastritis is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases among domestic cats. It is characterized by an inflammation of the gastric mucosa that can be acute or chronic. Gastritis affects cats of all ages, whether they are mongrel or race-specific, but it is more common in cats living on the streets before they are adopted. Although the diagnoses of gastritis are not fatal, they require rapid veterinary attention, to establish proper treatment and to avoid worsening of symptoms.
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In this article, YourCatCareguide summarizes the main signs of gastritis in cats , to help you recognize in advance if your cat is suffering from this problem. Check out the main causes and ways to avoid this pathology, while preserving the good health and well-being of your pet.
Gastritis in Cats: Causes and Risk Factors
Em geral, os sintomas da gastrite aguda estão relacionados a hábitos alimentares inadequados, como o consumo de alimentos em más condições, substâncias tóxicas(inseticidas, medicamentos, plantas tóxicas, produtos de limpeza, pesticidas, etc.) e fezes de outros animais. O consumo excessivo de alimentos, a formação de bolas de pelo e a ingestão de corpos estranhos (plásticos, brinquedos, etc.) também representam um sério risco ao bom funcionamento do aparelho digestivo dos felinos.
However, gastritis may also appear as a symptom of another underlying disease , such as bacterial or viral infections, kidney or liver problems, food allergies, and cancer. On the other hand, intestinal parasites can also cause severe inflammation in the intestinal mucosa.
Felines that maintain an unbalanced diet, based on poor food or consume forbidden or inadequate foods (such as spicy, oily or spicy foods), are more vulnerable to gastrointestinal conditions. In addition, stress appears as an important risk factor for gastritis as well as excessive consumption of antibiotics.
The inflammation in the gastric mucosa worsens when it is not treated quickly and properly, giving rise to a chronic gastritis . In these cases, we observe the damage, both in the stomach and in the bacterial flora of the intestine.
Gastritis in Cats – Symptoms
Generally, the first symptoms of gastritis are: severe pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen, accompanied by the feeling of heartburn, especially after meals. As our kittens do not express pain or indigestion, clearly, these symptoms may go unnoticed.
With the advancement of inflammation, the most characteristic symptoms of gastritis appear . At this stage, your kitten may exhibit the following clinical signs:
- Vomiting : In acute gastritis, the animal has sudden and frequent vomiting, which may contain bile, fresh or digested blood. In chronic gastritis, the vomiting is severe and persistent, and may be accompanied by blood and bile. Vomiting with bile has a yellow or green color. Fresh blood gives the vomit a red or reddish-brown color, while the blood is digested in the form of dark grains or nodules.
- Alteration in the mucous membranes : if the animal’s gastritis is derived from the consumption of some toxic substance, its mucous membranes may appear yellowish as a symptom of intoxication. In addition, in cases of a more severe gastritis, the mucous membranes are generally pale, thanks to the loss of blood.
Other symptoms of gastritis in cats:
- Loss of appetite and weight
- Weakness and lethargy
- Excessive salivation
- Fecal blood
Diagnosis of gastritis in cats
If you notice any of the symptoms mentioned in your cat, you should take it quickly to the veterinarian of your confidence to be analyzed in detail by the professional. He will be able to request the clinical examinations necessary to check the state of health of his animal and to rule out the presence of foreign bodies in the digestive tract. If you suspect chronic gastritis, the veterinarian may request a biopsy of the gastric mucosa.
Treatment of gastritis in cats
After confirming the diagnosis of gastritis, the treatment will depend fundamentally on the cause and progress of the pathology in the organism of each animal. If the presence of a foreign body in the stomach is identified, it will be essential to remove it through a surgical procedure.
In mild acute gastritis, suspending food for a certain time (from 12 to 48 hours) and limiting water intake, can be effective in relieving inflammation and alleviating poor health. During recovery, it will be essential to feed your cat several times a day, always offering a small portion of food at a time.
In more advanced stages of the disease, the veterinarian can administer antibiotics and corticosteroids to control the progression of inflammation in the digestive tract and treat possible infections. On the other hand, if the cat exhibits frequent vomiting, antiemeticmedicines may be used to reverse this condition.
In all cases of gastritis, it will be essential to adapt the animal’s diet and correct some bad habits in your routine to avoid a new episode of severe inflammation. The veterinarian can guide you through these changes to offer a better quality of life to your little companion.
How to prevent gastritis in cats?
When it comes to the health of our furry friend, we should always keep in mind the saying that it is better to be safe than sorry . To avoid the development of gastritis in your feline, remember to follow the tips listed below:
- Good nutrition : it is essential to provide a balanced diet of excellent quality to the animal throughout his life, respecting the amount of food appropriate to his size and age. In addition to removing banned foods from your diet. Remember not to offer spicy human food or hard-to-digest products to your cat!
- Home Care : Avoid leaving litter or any type of waste within reach of your cat. Also, take care of the general organization of the house in an intelligent way, avoiding access to cleaning products, pesticides, medicines and other products possibly toxic to health.
- Controlling outlets : Many cats are accustomed to walking freely outside the house, but wandering poses a serious risk to their health. Besides the risk of consuming food in bad conditions or toxic substances, felines can also be infected with numerous pathologies, either during street fights, in sexual relations or through direct contact with pathogens.
- Preventive medicine : all cats should have adequate preventive medicine throughout their lives. So remember to make regular visits to the veterinarian every 6 months, and respect your letter of vaccination and periodic deworming , as well as keeping you physically and mentally stimulated.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
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