Fungi in Cats – Symptoms and Treatment
Cats are strong animals, with a great life expectancy and independent, but as with humans, they are also susceptible to contracting multiple diseases, some of them caused by microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria or fungi.
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Despite the independent nature of the felines, as owners we must supervise their state of health to be able to act when our pet manifests some change. Being alert to symptoms that may express or revise your paws often will be a good way to detect them.
To know more about the diseases that can affect your cat, in this article of ExpertAnimal we will explain to you the symptoms and treatment of fungi in cats .
Fungi in cats
There are several types of fungi that can infect your cat and in any case will give rise to a topical condition , since the fungi that originate the infection colonize and reproduce in the superficial and dead layers of the hair, skin and nails, causing great symptoms , as we will explain below.
In 90% of cases, mycosis in cats is caused by the fungus Microsporum Canis . This is a very contagious situation , not only for the animals that are next to the cat, but also for humans, so it is very important to know the symptoms of fungal infestation, also known as ringworm .
Symptoms of fungus in cats
If your cat’s body is being attacked by fungi, you should begin to notice the following symptoms and manifestations of this disease on your pet :
- Circular lesions on the head, ears and paws;
- Areas without hairs in the areas where an injury occurred;
- The skin peels off and shows symptoms of inflammation;
- The cat may have nail injuries;
- The itching is constant.
Diagnosis of fungi in cats
If you see any of the symptoms mentioned above in your cat, you should go to the veterinarian immediately , as the first step is to confirm the diagnosis, since the characteristic symptoms of mycosis in cats may also be due to other conditions. One of the examples of common fungal diseases in cats is sporotrichosis .
In addition to carrying out a complete physical examination, the veterinarian can observe the damaged skin under microscope, use an ultraviolet light bulb or perform a fungal culture not only for the purpose of confirming the presence of fungi, but also to determine what fungal strain is causing the condition.
Treatment of fungi in cats
The veterinarian is the only person qualified to prescribe a pharmacological treatment to your cat, in the case of fungi will resort to active antifungal principles such as ketoconazole, which can be administered through different routes:
- Topical treatment : It is generally used whenever feline mycosis exists, topical treatment will be performed not only with the application of lotions or ointments, but the veterinarian can also indicate a body hygiene product with antifungal components to bathe the cat periodically .
- Oral treatment : Antifungal drugs may have several adverse reactions, so oral treatment will only be used in those more severe cases or when there is no therapeutic response to topical treatment.
Antifungal treatments need a prolonged application time to completely end the condition, so it is very important that the owner agrees to perform an adequate therapeutic compliance.
Other advice for treating fungus in cats
- Wear gloves to handle the cat, wash your hands exhaustively and periodically.
- Perform a thorough cleaning of the environment by passing the vacuum cleaner to destroy fungal spores.
- Get rid of all the possible accessories, because on these surfaces we can also find fungi.
- Fungus infection affects to a greater degree those cats that do not have a competent immune system; to increase the defenses your pet can resort to cat homeopathy .
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles that may be updated on these websites, please visit our Infectious Diseases section .