Fruits and vegetables that hamsters can eat
The feeding of the hamster is an aspect that should not be neglected if you want to offer you the best quality of life possible and manage to maintain your health in perfect conditions. In this sense, the most advisable is to base it on a preparation of dry ration elaborated mainly with grains, nuts and seeds. However, this type of food may present some shortcomings that we must cover through fruits and vegetables.
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But which ones can hamsters eat? We know there is a list of foods that are highly toxic to them and other animals, so we must inform and consult the veterinarian before introducing any product into your diet. Continue reading this YourCatCareguide article and discover the fruits and vegetables that hamsters can eat .
Benefits of fruits and vegetables for the hamster
To keep the hamster in perfect condition, it is essential to provide a varied diet, rich in fiber and low in fat. Keep in mind that these small rodents tend to be obese if we do not measure the amount of food or the products we offer them, so we should pay close attention to their food and follow the best diet for them.
Preparations for hamsters sold in pet shops, made from seeds, cereals, nuts and green foods, are rich in fiber, antioxidants and carbohydrates, so your diet should consist mainly of this type of food . In turn, fruits and vegetables are a great source of essential vitamins, fiber and minerals for your body, among other benefits.
As you see, basing the hamster’s food on fruits and vegetables alone is a big mistake, since they lack the many properties that we can only offer you through food prepared for them. However, not introducing them into your diet is also a mistake, since we would deprive the animal of multiple nutrients essential for its correct evolution, resulting in poorly developed intestinal flora. In addition, many of the fruits contain a high percentage of sugars, beneficial in small amounts but very harmful in large quantities. Therefore, it is vital to be well informed about the fruits and vegetables good for them as well as the correct way to provide them.
Fruits that the hamster can eat
In addition to covering some of the nutritional deficiencies of dry food, fruits help provide the hamster with the amount of liquid your body needs . In this sense, it is very important that your drinking fountain has always been filled with fresh water. Here’s the best fruit for hamsters:
- Pera . With a very low calorie content, rich in fiber, vitamin A, B, C and E, pear is one of the best fruits for these small rodents because it helps them regulate their intestinal transit and purify the body. To give it, you should clean it well, leave the skin, remove the seeds and the stem, cut it into small cubes and give it in small amounts every two weeks.
- Apple . This fruit is highly beneficial to the hamster not only for its fiber content and important digestive properties, but also helps strengthen teeth by chewing it. For this, it is best to clean the apple well, to remove the seeds, to cut it with bark in not very thick slices and to give the slices to them to gnaw and to be able to exercise its jaw. When it comes to a fruit with a higher caloric content, you should give it moderately, remember that hamsters are prone to obesity.
- Peach . Being composed of a high content of water, they are perfect to keep our little companion always hydrated, especially during the hot months. In addition, the peach is rich in carbohydrates, also essential for the correct functioning of your body. In this case, you should remove the shell, the core and cut it into pieces.
- Plums . Like pears, plums are highly beneficial to regulate and improve the intestinal transit of our hamster thanks to its high fiber content. At the time of giving, we have to wash them well, remove the bark, the lump and cut into pieces.
- Apricots . They are rich in vitamins A and C, and minerals essential for the hamster’s body. In addition, they favor intestinal transit, so they are ideal to include in the diet. As with peaches, you must remove the peel, the pit and cut into pieces.
- Watermelon and melon . Both are mainly made up of water, so they are perfect for rodents that live in hot climates, drink little water or need an extra liquid. In addition, in particular watermelon, having also a high content in sugars, must be careful and provide these fruits in moderation, seedless and well cut.
- Strawberries . Rich in fiber, vitamin C and essential minerals, strawberries help debug the hamster’s body and regulate intestinal transit. However, we must also be careful and provide this fruit from time to time, washed, cut and without the leaves.
- Kiwi . This fruit has a low calorie, lots of vitamins C and E, fiber, so we can give you small portions every two weeks to favor your digestive system, keep you healthy and strong. We should always give it peeled and cut into pieces.
Vegetables the hamster can eat
As we mentioned, vegetables provide hamsters with vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, fiber and are low in fat. The best vegetables for hamsters are as follows:
- Peas . They support the cardiovascular health of the hamster, have a low calorie and regulate blood sugar levels. In this way, we see how peas are very beneficial for them, especially for those who need to reduce their body weight.
- Spinach . Being a great natural source of fiber and antioxidants, spinach favors intestinal transit and reduces cellular oxidation, a very important fact to prolong the quality of life of our rodent as much as possible.
- Lettuce . Undoubtedly, this vegetable is one of the most popular in home diets for hamsters and other rodents, because its content in fiber, iron and antioxidants provide them with great benefits. But always in small amounts, since an excess can cause negative effects and seriously harm your liver.
- Carrot . The most beneficial part of this food is the leaf, so it is ideal to give the hamster the leaves of the carrots washed and cut from time to time. The fruit itself can only give without peel and cut in small amounts to strengthen your teeth and jaw.
- Fennel . This vegetable is highly beneficial to combat gastrointestinal problems and regulate your metabolism and digestive system. Its high fiber content, low calorie and antioxidant properties mean that we can give it without problems in moderate amounts and from time to time.
- Zucchini . With this food happens the same as with the previous one, it is rich in fiber and essential minerals very important for the correct development of the hamster’s organism. It should give it peel and cut well into pieces.
- Potatoes . This food is very beneficial for the hamster, it can give you potato cut into pieces every two weeks.
How to Give Fruits and Vegetables to the Hamster
As we mentioned at the outset, fruits and vegetables help to properly develop the intestinal flora of our hamster. Incorrect feeding can lead to digestive problems, such as diarrhea resulting from the lack of essential nutrients.
Ideally, we start to introduce these foods into the diet of our rodent from a young age. For this, it is best to follow a gradual process , ie introduce the fruits and vegetables little by little so that your body adapts to assimilate properly. Also, remember that you should make sure that your pet is completely parasite free, so do not hesitate to take it to the vet to examine it and advise you on the best foods for it.
At the time of starting to give our hamster fruits and vegetables for the first time must do it one by one to check if there is any intolerance or allergy. That is, you should not prepare a dish of food with fruit and vegetable mixes until you are not completely sure that these foods are good for the hamster. To make sure all is well, try giving it a specific fruit or vegetable for two to three days in a row, always supplementing dry food and in small amounts. If you notice any negative behavior or symptom of digestive disorder, remove this food immediately.
It is essential to always give the right amount that the hamster will eat during the day, neither more nor less. In the case of remaining fruit or vegetables, remove it so that it does not get in bad condition and generate an intoxication to the animal. Remember that we should not give this type of food to our rodent every day, after three days of testing leave a few days of rest and then try another food.
Each breed of hamster has particular needs, so it is vital to consult the veterinarian before providing him with any home diet, he will know how to advise you on how to give fruits and vegetables and how often.