Fever in Cats – Causes and Symptoms
The normal body temperature of a cat should be between 38 and 39.5 ° C, when this increases the feline is considered to have a fever and, therefore, his health is being impaired. Regardless of the cause that is causing it, the fever is always a sign that the animal is suffering some kind of illness or health problem, so identifying it as soon as is essential to detect the focus and start the best treatment quickly.
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Keep in mind that the causes can be from minor problems to diseases of more serious character that can even end the life of your cat. That’s why recognizing the symptoms and taking the cat to the vet is critical. To help you, in this article of ExpertAnimal we explain to you all about fever in cats , causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention.
What are the causes of fever?
In general, in both dogs and cats, fever occurs when the animal’s immune system is activated due to the presence of a specific anomaly in the body. Since not all health problems cause it, then we will show you the most common causes that usually develop fever in the cat:
- Tumors, which usually affect older cats more than young ones
- Viral or bacterial diseases, such as distemper or leukemia
- Viral, bacterial or fungal infections of a milder character
- Common cold and flu
- Ingestion of medications as a side effect
Although these are the most common reasons that fever develops, keep in mind that this is not the only symptom they present, so it is critical that you pay attention to your cat’s general behavior to identify the cause and start the best treatment. Especially if it is a tumor, distemper or leukemia, you should act quickly, as these diseases have a very high mortality rate.
Symptoms of Fever in Cats
To answer one of the most frequently asked questions of feline owners, such as whether a cat has a fever , it is imperative to check all details of their behavior. A cat with fever will present any of the following symptoms:
- Dry nose . Although this fact may not be conclusive or conclusive, it may be a clue if we observe that our cat has other symptoms beyond this. Like dogs, cats tend to have a stuffy nose at all times. When they develop a fever, they usually dry up.
- Loss of appetite . The general poor state that is passing your body causes you not to want to eat as normally.
- Decrease in water consumption . Cats are not usually animals that usually drink large amounts of water, so reducing them can result in serious consequences.
- Apathy, lack of energy . Especially if your feline is a very scrambled and energetic animal, seeing him unwilling to play, run or jump is a clear indication that something is happening.
- On the contrary and depending on the illness that causes the fever, the cat may be restless and distressed .
- Lack of personal hygiene . Cats are very clean animals, neglecting their hygiene is not their own and tells us that their health is not in perfect condition.
- In more severe cases, the cat may suffer from chills , tremors or rapid breathing .
Most illnesses or health problems that cause fever in the feline, usually develop other symptoms like diarrhea , vomiting, sneezing and coughing.
How to Measure Temperature for My Cat
If we observe that our cat has any or all of the above symptoms, it is time to measure body temperature , as this is the only way to confirm that you actually have a fever. To do this, you must gather all the necessary tools:
- Digital rectal thermometer that you can buy at any veterinary clinic.
- Vaseline or any other lubricant.
- A clean cloth or towel.
When you have everything ready, follow these steps to measure your cat’s temperature:
- Clean the thermometer thoroughly and cover the tip with a little petroleum jelly or other lubricant.
- If you can, ask another person to grab the cat by the area of the hind legs, so it will be easier for you to continue.
- Carefully lift your cat’s tail and insert the tip of the thermometer into your rectum.
- When you see that the digital thermometer stops, remove it and check the indicated temperature. Do not forget to reward your pet for good behavior. Clean the thermometer.
As we mentioned at the beginning, the normal temperature should oscillate between 38 and 39ºC in adult cats, and 39,5ºC in puppies. If your feline exceeds these values, we believe that you have a fever and should try to reduce it as soon as possible. Should you exceed 41 ° C you should consult the veterinarian promptly so that he can examine it and determine the cause.
Read our full article on how to tell if my cat has a fever .
Measures to lower my cat’s fever
The treatment for fever in cats is directly related to the cause that causes it . If, for example, it appears as a side effect of the consumption of a particular medicine, you should consult your veterinarian to know what to do, but you should never decide for yourself to discontinue a medical treatment. If the cause is a serious illness such as distemper, leukemia or cancer, the specialist will start the best treatment to end this condition. For minor bacterial or viral infections, the veterinarian may prescribe antibiotics. Remember that you should not self-medicate your cat , some medicines for human consumption are toxic to it and will only worsen your condition.
In milder cases, such as a common cold, you can take some steps and home remedies to reduce your cat’s fever :
- As one of the symptoms of fever is the decrease in water, the first thing you should do is to moisturize your cat . If you do not want to drink, take a syringe and give yourself the amount of liquid you need, always carefully and slowly, we do not want you to gasp. The water must be cool.
- So it is with food . To avoid malnutrition, you should encourage your cat to eat by providing food that meets your nutritional needs and is in turn palatable. To do this, opt for a damp diet, once recovered you can re-combine it with dry feed. If the fever is accompanied by vomiting or diarrhea, it is best to consult the veterinarian to know what food you should provide.
- Look for a place in your house free of moisture and warm to put your cat’s bed. Your cat should feel as comfortable as possible to aid his recovery.
- The wet compresses are your great allies to reduce the fever of your cat. You will have to moisten them in cold water, place them on your forehead and let them act for a few minutes. Then remove them and apply them on their paws and the abdomen and groin area in the same way. Dry the wetlands well and repeat this process twice a day.
If after 48 hours the fever does not go down, you should go with your cat to the vet quickly. You may not have noticed other symptoms and are developing some serious illness that needs medical treatment. Remember that you should always be a specialist to examine your pet, diagnose the cause and prescribe the best treatment.
Prevention, the best treatment
As we have seen throughout the article, fever is a symptom of another condition that can be severe or mild. So the best treatment is always prevention. To prevent the onset of diseases, infections and other health problems, it is essential to follow the schedule of mandatory vaccinations , perform the routine check at the vet and provide our cat all the basic care they need , such as proper nutrition, toys for release the accumulated energy, scratchers, brush your hair to prevent the creation of hair balls , a comfortable bed to sleep and a litter box to do your needs.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles the description , the description and the link will appear , we recommend you to enter our section on Infectious Diseases .