Feline Coronavirus – Symptoms and Treatment
The feline coronavirus is a disease that concerns many owners, for this reason it is so important to properly inform its transmission, symptoms and treatment which has to be followed in case of contagion.
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The coronavirus is named because of its small crown shape. Its special characteristics make it a particularly dangerous virus, so we must be very careful and we must be alert if our cat has come in contact with infected animals.
Find out all about the feline coronavirus in YourCatCareguide, as well as its symptoms and theideal treatment for cases of contagion.
What is a coronavirus?
It is a virus that has small projections on its exterior , which gives it the characteristic shape of a crown, which owes its name. Enteric feline coronavirus is a virus that is poorly resistant to the environment and is easily destroyed by high temperatures and disinfectants.
It has special predilection for the cells of the epithelium of the cat’s intestine, giving rise to mild and chronic gastroenteritis. The virus is expelled through the feces, main vehicle of contagion. One of the main features of this virus is its ability to mutate , giving way to another disease, known as feline infectious peritonitis.
What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
The enteric feline coronavirus produces a mild gastroenteritis of the chronic type. Many cats are quite resistant to the disease, not developing symptoms, becoming carriers and eliminating viruses through feces.
Suffering and overcoming the disease generates in the cats a certain immunity that does not last too long, which causes the animal to re-infect itself again, repeating the cycle again. When the cat lives alone, the animal can self-infect through the litter box.
In the case of several cats living together , the risk of contagion increases greatly, because everyone shares the same litter box, passing illness to each other.
But the danger of this virus is the great mutating ability of the virus. When it infests other cats and if the state of immunity is not adequate, the virus upon being replicated, causes different symptoms, giving rise to feline infectious peritonitis disease. It is a disease typical of cats less than 1 year old or of cats and weak, immunosuppressed and living in a group.
Symptoms of Feline Infectious Peritonitis
The feline infectious peritonitis is a disease caused by a mutation of the feline enteric coronavirus. It can manifest itself in different forms, the form dry and wet.
At first, the virus can affect multiple organs, causing various symptoms. The wet form is characterized by the formation of fluids in the animal’s body cavities, such as the peritoneum and the pleura (abdominal cavity and thoracic cavity, respectively). In both forms, fever, loss of appetite and lethargy are observed in cats (the animal is not attentive to its environment, it takes time to react to the stimuli).
Feline Coronavirus Treatment
Being a viral disease, it does not have any treatment. It is usually tried to treat the symptomsand wait for the immune response of the cat.
Preventive treatments are recommended to prevent the spread of the disease. The vaccinationwould be the treatment of choice, as well as offer several cats litter boxes, which reduces the possibility of contagion between them.
If you want to bring a new cat home, it is recommended that you get vaccinated.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest that you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
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