Feline Aids – Contagion, Symptoms and Treatment
If you have a cat, know that these pets are very special. As pets, felines are faithful companions and it is necessary to know the diseases that they can sufferto prevent and treat them, protecting your cat and yourself.
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The AIDS cats , also known as Feline Immunodeficiency Virus, is one that most affects the population of cats, as well as feline leukemia . However, although there is no vaccine, the disease can be treated effectively. Take care and pamper your pet, do not be scared and know the details of this disease, the forms of contagion, the symptoms and the treatment for feline aids in this article of ExpertAnimal.
FIV – The feline immunodeficiency virus
Known by the acronym FIV, the feline immunodeficiency virus is a lentivirus that only attacks the cats. Although it is the same disease that affects humans, it is produced by a different virus, and feline aids can not be transmitted to people .
FIV directly attacks the immune system, destroying T-lymphocytes, which leaves the animal vulnerable to other diseases or infections that are less important but can be deadly with this disease.
Deteted in time, feline aids are a disease that can be controlled. An infected cat that says proper treatment can have a long and dignified life .
Transmission and contagion of feline aids
In order for your pet to be infected, it is necessary to contact saliva or blood from another infected cat. The feline AIDS is transmitted mainly through bite of an infected cat to a healthy. Thus, street cats have a greater predisposition to carry the virus.
Unlike the disease in humans, there is no evidence that feline is sexually transmitted, during the gestation of an infected mother or even in the sharing of drinking fountains and feeders between pets.
If your cat is always at home, there is no reason to worry. However, if you are not neutered and go out at night, it is best to have a blood test to check that everything is OK. Do not forget that cats are territorial animals, which can cause some bites with bites.
Symptoms of Feline Aids
As with humans, a cat infected with the AIDS virus can live for years without presenting characteristic symptoms or until the disease is detected,
However, when the destruction of T-lymphocytes begins to impair the ability of the feline immune system, small bacteria and viruses that our animals face daily without problems can begin to do harm to the health of the pet. That is when the first symptoms appear.
The most common cat aids symptoms that may appear months after the contagion include:
- Loss of appetite
- Non-gloss coating
- Recurrent infections
- Inflammation of connective tissue
- Progressive weight loss
- Abortions and fertility problems
- Mental deterioration
Overall, the main symptom of a cat with AIDS is the onset of recurrent diseases. Thus, it is important to monitor the sudden onset of common diseases that are time consuming to disappear, or if the cat has recurrent relapses into health problems that seem unimportant.
Treatment for cats with immunodeficiency
The best cure is prevention. However, although there is no vaccine for immunodeficiency disease in cats, an infected pet can have a happy life with proper care.
To prevent your cat from being infected with the AIDS virus, try to control your outings and fights with street cats, as well as do a monthly checkup once a year (or more if you get home with some kind of bite or wound). If this is not enough and your cat is infected, you should work on strengthening your immune system and defenses .
There are antimicrobial drugs that can help control the infections or bacteria that attack the animal. It is important to keep in mind that these treatments should be done on a constant basis, otherwise your feline friend may gain new infections. There are also anti-inflammatory drugs that help control infections such as gingivitis and stomatitis.
In addition to medicines, the feeding of cats with AIDS must be special. It is recommended that the diet be high in caloric content, and the cans and the wet food are the perfect ally to fight against the debilitation of the infected animal.
No treatment acts directly on IVF itself. What you can do to help your pet and give it a decent life is to ward off any opportunistic diseases that can attack you while your immune system is weakened.
What else should I know about feline aids?
Life expectancy: It is important to bear in mind that the average life expectancy of a cat with feline aids is not easy to predict. It all depends on how your immune system responds to the attack of opportunistic diseases. When we speak of a dignified life, we are talking about a pet with feline aids that can live with dignity with a series of minimal care. Even though it seems that your health is good, the tutor should be very attentive to aspects such as weight and cat fever.
One of my cats has aids but others do not: If cats do not fight with each other, there is no possibility of contagion. Feline aids are only transmitted through bites. However, since this is difficult to control, we recommend that you isolate the infected cat as if it were any infectious disease.
My cat died of AIDS. Is it safe to adopt another ?: Without the carrier, FIV (feline immunodeficiency virus) is very unstable and does not survive more than a few hours. In addition, feline aids are only transmitted through saliva and blood. So without an infected cat that bites, the contagion of a new pet is highly unlikely.
Anyway, like any other infectious disease, we recommend some prevention measures:
- Disinfect or replace all belongings of the deceased cat
- Disinfect carpets and rugs
- Vaccinate the new pet against the most common infectious diseases
Can a cat with AIDS infect me ?: No, feline is not transmissible to humans. A cat infected with AIDS can never infect a person, even if it bites. Although it is the same disease, IVF is not the same virus that infects humans. In this case, we speak of HIV, the human immunodeficiency virus.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles that are updated daily, please visit our section of Infectious Diseases .