Epilepsy in dogs
The epilepsy in dogs or canine epilepsy is a disease that, despite being compatible with the life of the animal, is a major concern and shock for people living at home. But do not worry, there are many people who suffer the same as you.
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In this article by YourCatCareguide we will explain to you everything you need to understand this disease, its treatment and we give you some basic advice on how to act during crises.
Remember that there are many other dogs in the world that suffer from this disease and live in the best possible way with owners like you, keep fighting and keep going!
What is canine epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a neuronal disease that occurs when in the brain there is an exaggerated and uncontrolled electrochemical activity.
We must be clear that in the brain of dogs, as in that of humans, the functions are performed by electrical stimuli that go from one neuron to another. In the case of epilepsy these electrical stimuli are given inadequately, causing an out-of-normal brain activity.
What happens in the brain also translates to the body level. The electrochemical activity that occurs in the neurons sends orders of contraction to the muscles , this is characteristic of the symptoms of an attack of epilepsy, where the muscular activity is completely uncontrolled and involuntary . During the crisis we may also see other symptoms such as excessive salivation and loss of sphincter control.
Causes of epilepsy in dogs
The causes of an epileptic seizure can be many: tumors, intoxication, liver failure, trauma, diabetes , …
But the cause of epilepsy (not one crisis secondary to another problem) is always hereditary . It is not only a hereditary disease but it also affects certain breeds such as the German Shepherd, Saint Bernard, Beagle, Setter, Poodle, Dachshund and Basset Hound.
However, it can also affect other breeds. The onset of the first epileptic seizure occurs approximately between 6 months and 5 years.
What to do during an epileptic seizure
A crisis lasts approximately 1 or 2 minutes, although for the animal’s human family may seem an eternity. It is very important that you know that under any circumstances you should try to pull your tongue out as it might bite you.
You should place the animal on a comfortable surface , such as a cushion or a dog bed, so as not to injure or hurt any surface. Keep your bed away from the walls so you do not suffer from any trauma.
After the attack the dog will be exhausted and a little disoriented, give you maximum rest and recovery . Often the owners of the animal can realize that the dog will suffer from a crisis because they are more nervous, restless, with tremors and difficulties of coordination.
Many sources report that, epilepsy can be a trauma for children living at home, but fortunately many crises occur at night. However, it is considered convenient to explain to the child what is happening to your puppy, while making it clear that you should not suffer for the life of the animal.
Diagnosis and treatment
As we have already mentioned, a crisis of epilepsy may correspond to many other diseases or be a true epilepsy. If your pet has suffered from an attack of this type, take it to the veterinarian immediately , only he can make a proper diagnosis.
Epilepsy does not pose a hazard to the animal’s life, although precautions should be taken to ensure that it does not suffer any harm. The treatment is performed with drugs that decrease brain activity, such as Phenobarbital and can also be treated with muscle relaxants such as Diazepam.
Owners involved and attentive to the care that a dog with epilepsy needs, is undoubtedly an important factor to improve the quality of life of the animal.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles similar to Epilepsy in dogs , we recommend you to enter our section of Mental problems .