The Schnauzer is an elegant, agile and robust dog that is characterized by its great intelligence and loyalty. It is a very curious dog, intelligent and of an unparalleled character. They are truly great companions of life, loyal and noble perfect for any type of family.
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This terrier-type dog usually has very peculiar physical characteristics that make it popular in countries around the world. The features that stand out most in him are his eyebrows and mustache.
In this fact sheet of the Expert we will show you some curiosities about the Schnauzer so that you know how to take care of him or what his education should be like. Know everything you need to know before adopting a Schnauzer, then:
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The origin of this breed is in Germany , where the Schnauzer accompanied the carriages, took care of the stables and killed rodents and other harmful animals. Besides, they liked him very much as a companion dog and to take care of the children. In the late 1800s, this breed was first presented at a dog show. However, it was presented as Pinscher with hard hair. Subsequently and referring to his characteristic beard and mustache was given the name of Schnauzer, which derives from the German word “schnauze” meaning muzzle.
Over time this breed was crossed with other canine breeds to try to look for the same qualities in different sizes . This is how the Schnauzer gave birth to the giant Schnauzer and the miniature Schnauzer. Nowadays, the Schnaruzer is an excellent companion dog, working and exhibiting. And although it stands out in many works, its main function is to accompany and rejoice its owners.
Physical characteristics of the Schnauzer
In general terms, this dog is a very elegant animal , with a square profile (height to cross equal to the length of the body) and a dignified and superb appearance. It is of medium size, compact and with rough hair. The dorsal line comes slightly down from the cross to the back. Both the back and the loin are short and strong, while the rump is slightly round. The chest is moderately deep and deep, reaching to the elbows. The flanks are slightly drawn in, but not exaggerated.
The head of the Schnauzer is covered with thick hair that forms prominent brows, is strong and broad, with flat forehead and occiput scarcely marked. Its length corresponds approximately half the width of the body (measure of the cross at the base of the tail). The stop is very evident under the eyebrows. The muzzle is straight and the nose is broad and black in color, just like the lips that are also black. The bite is strong and scissors. The eyes of this dog are oval, medium and facing forward, having a lively expression. The ears have a “V” shape and fall forward. They were formerly amputees but the current standard of the International Cynical Federation (FCI) requires complete ears.
The tail should be natural and have a saber or sickle shape. Formerly it was also amputated, but luckily, the current standard of the race demands the natural tails.
The hair is formed by two layers. The outer layer is rough and moderately long, without being wavy, whereas the inner layer is a dense hair. The hair of the head is very characteristic of the breed, forming eyebrows on the forehead and a beard on the muzzle. For this breed only two varieties of color are accepted, the pure black with a layer of black inside and the “salt and pepper”. However, we can find Schnauzer of different colors and combinations.
The height at the cross ranges from 45 to 50 centimeters for both males and females. The ideal weight varies between 14 and 20 kilograms for both males and females.
Schnauzer dogs have a strong personality and are often very sure of themselves, brave and confident, even being arrogant. Regardless of this, or perhaps because of this, their temperament is usually very stable and they are reliable and very loyal dogs.
It is very important to socialize them since puppies so that their strong personality does not cause problems later. Correctly socialized people get along very well and tolerate other dogs and animals well. However, if the education and socialization of dogs is not done properly and early on, Schnauzers can be reactive with other same-sex dogs, be small-animal hunters and be reserved with strangers.
With regard to dog education and dog training, they respond very well whenever they receive fair and dignified care. Exceptional results can be achieved when they are trained consistently and with positive methods.
Schnauzers are active dogs that need physical and mental exercise. When they do not get enough exercise they can become destructive dogs . However, the problem of more conflictive behavior in this breed is that of guardian of resources. To avoid it, it is very important to socialize the dogs early on and teach them canine obedience exercises that help develop self-control.
When they are socialized and educated, Schnauzer dogs are excellent pets for single people and families who enjoy moderate physical activity. They are also great pets for families with large children as they get along very well with them. However, it is not the most suitable breed for families with very young children, since it can react badly to the mischief and unconscious mistreatment of the little ones.
The hair needs a little regular effort to stay healthy and shiny. A daily brushing is usually enough to keep your hair from getting tangled, and you should also take it to a dog hairdresser three or four times a year to shape and help care for your fur.
Moderate exercise is required for these puppies. Although they are not as active as the giant Schnauzers, they need two to three daily walks and some kind of joke. They can also participate in canine sports such as agility or canine freestyle, but sudden jumps should be avoided when these dogs are not yet fully developed. They are excellent companions for slow walks and runs.
These dogs have a strong and somewhat independent character, but need frequent companionship. Schnauzers are not animals to be alone all day, because that way they can begin to develop a strong anxiety about separation . They are very social animals that will thank a playmate.
On the other hand, they can live very well in an apartment, as long as they get enough walking and exercise, but it is best if they have a garden where they can run freely. Ideally, they can use the patio or garden to exercise (in addition to their daily walks), but sleep indoors.
The Schnauzer being extremely sociable , has a natural predisposition to follow the game and our indications. Especially if you include positive reinforcement as the basis of your education. They respond very well to prizes and treats. But for the Schnauzer to be a truly sociable dog, we must actively work on his socialization , which will begin as long as this is still a puppy and will continue throughout his adulthood. However, the Schnauzer can be a bit stubborn so working on basic obedience will be critical in this breed.
In addition, you should take long walks with him to allow him to enjoy the environment and enrich your day to day life as you deserve. He is a very grateful and noble dog who will not hesitate to offer us all his love if we treat him with affection and respect.
Unlike many other dog breeds, the Schnauzer is usually a healthy dog with no high incidence of hereditary diseases. However, it occasionally exhibits follicular dermatitis and may suffer from hip dysplasia .
Despite being a healthy dog, it is important to follow the usual sanitary routines of any dog that include veterinary visits every 6 months, deworming and follow-up of the vaccine schedule . Properly following these guidelines will help us to detect any disease quickly