The Fila Brasileiro is a large and powerful dog that is used in its home country as guardian of properties, hunter of large prey and protector of cattle. When slavery was legal in Brazil, it was also used to capture fugitive slaves. This dog has the protective instinct with its and its very developed properties, in addition it is very loyal and useful with its human owners.
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His physical features make him an energetic and sturdy dog, but that does not mean he does not need affection and affection just like all other pets. For a Brazilian Fila to be happy, she needs the love of her family. If you are interested in adopting a dog of this type or are simply curious about this breed, check the following sheet of the Expert and clarify your doubts.
- Grupo II
- More than 80
Due to the need of the first settlers of Brazil to have a dog of strong and strong work , the Fila Brasileiro arose. The first historical documents in which this breed of dogs are spoken are from the year 1671, but the origins of the Fila Brasileiros are unknown. However, everyone agrees that the breed came from crossing three different breeds of dogs: the Bulldogs, the English Mastiffs and the Bloodhounds. Although it is also believed that the third row dog also participated in the breeding of races and from there has arisen the current Fila Brasileiro.
Of the old Bulldogs as the engelsen doggen, the Fila Brasileiros inherited their raised ears, the colors of the hair, as well as an aggressive temperament, stubborn and tenacious. Of the old English Mastiff, these dogs inherited their size and bulk, with a large strong head, a short neck and a curved croup. And of the Bloodhound, the Fila Brasileiros inherited their magnificent abilities as dogs to track, along with their most notable physical characteristics for it like the upper lips and chin, hanging lips or loose skin.
The first official breed standard was written in 1968 and since then some have been used as show dogs. In 1982, Fila Brasileiro came to be considered as the most popular breed of dogs in Brazil. At the moment this dog can be seen like dog of exhibition, but mainly like pet.
Physical characteristics of Fila Brasileiro
The figure of Fila Brasileiro shows at first sight its power. Male Fila have a height at withers of 75 to 80 cm and a minimum weight of 50 kg, in contrast, the females measure between 65 and 70 cm and weigh a minimum of 40 kg. As you can see, the Fila Brasileiro is a large dog, with a body that is wider than tall (rectangular profile) and a large body mass. The tail is broad, of medium insertion and should not curl or fall on the back of the dog. The head is proportional to the body. The muzzle is strong, broad and prominent. The eyes are medium or large, almond shaped and well separated from each other. Its color ranges from yellow to brown. The ears are hung, thick, large and V-shaped.
A characteristic of the breed is its thick skin and loose especially the trunk, forming a very evident jowl. The hair is short, dense and smooth. It can be of any uniform color , except for:
- Gray mouse
- Black and fire
- With small or large spots
They are also accepted, and are very common, the brindle coats, but always with a background of uniform color. White spots on the feet, chest and tip of the tail are also accepted.
One of the most outstanding features of Fila is its way of walking. Unlike most other dogs, the Fila walks both legs on the same side at the same time. Thus, his walk is very private and is known as “camel riding”.
Character of the Fila Brasileiro
The Fila Brasileiro is a dog of complex temperament. He is faithful, friendly, patient and kind to his own , but suspicious and even aggressive towards strangers. For this reason, good socialization is very important in this breed.
Even though he has been correctly socialized since he was a puppy and trained, the Queue is usually reserved and cautious with strangers. It is the owner’s duty to take the necessary steps when taking your dog for a walk or when receiving visitors. In return, this dog is pure tenderness and patient with his. He is very fond of children of his family and is an excellent companion for adults.
Although not an extremely active dog, you need long walks and exercise sessions. His main problem with behavior is aggressiveness with strangers. However, this is a characteristic of the breed.
Care of the Brazilian Fila
Hair care is simple. When having short and dense hair, a weekly brushing is enough to keep it in good condition. You do not need to bathe this dog very often, only when it’s really dirty and needed.
Filas Brasileiros do not adapt to living in apartments or living in crowded cities, because of their size and character, so they live better in houses with large gardens, quiet neighborhoods or on farms.
These dogs need to do moderate exercise to expend all the energy they have and the cost of their upkeep is high since they eat a lot. A good dose of mental exercise with some home intelligence games are good for the Fila Brasileiro to be more attentive and content.
Education of the Fila Brasileiro
It is necessary to educate the Fila Brasileiro early to help channel the characteristic desire of this work breed. According to many experts, Fila is a dog willing to please its owner, as well as being smart and easy to train. It is a watchdog and grazing by nature, so it is not necessary to train it to protect especially its human family and its properties, since it is very territorial.
However, it is always best to use canine training techniques to educate this breed of large puppies as well as positive reinforcement or clicker training , and begin by teaching them thebasic orders for dogs and increasing the difficulty of the orders as the Fila Brasileiro is learning.
Health of the Fila Brasileiro
However, it is convenient to take it to a good vet and give you all the vaccines you need according to the vaccination schedule to stay strong and healthy. In addition, you need to protect it from some external skin parasites such as fleas and ticks, so it is advisable to examine it often to see if you have any and take the necessary action.