The English Bulldog is a dog with an unmistakable appearance. Robust and low, it has a fierce appearance (due to its origins), although its usual character is affectionate and calm . They are ideal for those families who pay special attention to pets, since it is a dog that needs to be in continuous contact with its owners.
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In addition, dogs of this breed are considered very loyal because it is very difficult to make an English Bulldog change owner, but also are characterized by being quite possessive with food or toys, so if you want to adopt one of these dogs, in YourCatCareguide we will show you his main characteristics to know him a little better.
- United Kingdom
- Grupo II
- More than 80
Origin of the English Bulldog
The English Bulldog originates in the bull-baiting fights that were carried out in the Great Britain, being that the objective of this dog was to attack, to infuriate and to grab the bull. These habits gave rise to dog fights with bulls and other large animals, but fortunately this cruel sport was banned in the nineteenth century.
When bullfights with bulls were banned , the Bulldog lost popularity among the British and gradually disappeared. Some English immigrants who lived in the United States maintained the race with few changes, giving origin to the American Bulldog ancestors. However, in England, the original Bulldog was crossed with smaller, less aggressive dogs, changing its shape to the one it currently has.
The English Bulldog of the present time is not the aggressive dog capable of dealing with bulls, but an animal that, despite its ferocious appearance, is companion. His current size and morphology do not allow him to do intense work, and his affectionate character has earned him the rank of pet in thousands of homes where he is another member of the family.
English Bulldog Features
The breed standard does not indicate a predetermined size, but the Bulldog usually has a cross height of about 40 centimeters. The weight , which is indicated in the standard, is around 25 kilos for males and 23 kilos for females.
This is a dog of heavy structure, short stature and short. At first glance it is seen that it is a broad, powerful and compact animal. The Head of Bulldogis large in relation to your body and has subtle wrinkles on both the forehead and the cheeks. The stop is deep and wide. The neck, thick and strong, has a large double chin. The face of the English Bulldog is undoubtedly its most distinctive feature. It is short and has a broad muzzle, which slopes upwards with obvious prognathism. In theory this morphology helps the dog to bite without releasing the prey, but is unlikely to be so and, in fact, is not a common morphology in natural predators.Either way, the myth continues to be present. The round and medium eyes are well separated from each other and are very dark, almost black. They are neither protruding nor embossed. In turn, the ears are high insertion, small, thin and rose-shaped. The English Bulldog’s lips are hung sideways, but not on the front. The nose is broad and black in color. The jaws are broad, very strong and square, and the lower one is in front of the upper one and faces upwards.
The short body and good structure should not have any tendency to obesity. The posterior region is high and strong, but clearly lighter than the anterior region which is very robust. The chest is broad, round and deep, and continues in a retracted abdomen. The extremities are strong, muscular and robust. Females are less developed than males. The upper line forms a smooth arch, the loin higher than the cross. The tail, of low insertion, is of moderate length short, thick at the base and finished at a thin point. The Bulldog takes it normally low and never takes it above the level of the upper line.
The thin, short and smooth hair of these dogs may be of a solid color (the whole body of the same color) or present more colors, in which the body has the same color but with a part of the muzzle of another color. This dog can present the following colors: fawn and white, brindle and white, red, red and white, fawn and gray brindle.
The movement of the English Bulldog is also very characteristic, being heavy, with short quick steps on the fingertips. The hind legs only rise, looking like they are throwing on the ground. According to the breed standard, no part of the Bulldog’s body should be oversized relative to others, thus breaking the general symmetry, making the dog appear deformed or interfering with its ability to move, but this is debatable. Although the English Bulldog is a morphologically symmetrical dog, its structure may be considered by many to be deformed and may impair the ability to move to some extent.
English Bulldog Character
The Bulldog is a determined, strong, alert, courageous and loyal dog. According to breed standard, it must also be an active animal, but adult Bulldogs are usually calm . This dog needs a lot of attention and is not an animal that should be left alone for long periods of time. He forms intense bonds with his human family and it is difficult (but not impossible) to change ownership.
Its ferocious appearance usually gives the wrong impression. These dogs usually have a kind, calm and calm character , although they are also stubborn when they want something. They are usually very patient with children and are usually excellent pets, but they are not very active dogs. The character is variable depending on the dog and also depends on the conditions in which the dog lives or lived.
Quando o Bulldog fica com raiva, é um animal a ser temido. Quando defende o seu território, a sua família ou as suas coisas, é um cachorro bravo e capaz de causar muitos danos. Por isso, é muito importante socializá-lo desde filhote e educá-lo sobre boas maneiras e obediência canina. Um dos aspetos que podem desencadear a agressão do Buldogue é a competição por comida e brinquedos. Estes cães têm tendência a serem possessivos, so they should be prevented from becoming resource guards. Obedience training, and especially self-control exercises, help a lot in this. In turn, this feature can be harnessed to make English Bulldog a good home keeper. By not barking compulsively, this dog can give alarm when it is really accurate, and its appearance can scare many people. However, its very physical structure makes it not an ideal protection dog.
As an adult, the Bulldog can be aggressive with other dogs, especially of the same sex and with other animals. However, when it has been properly socialized, it can get on well with other dogs and other pets. In any case, many owners of this breed prefer to castrate their dogs to minimize the likelihood of fights.
English Bulldog Care
The heat is a riskfor the health of the English Bulldog. The extremely flat face has an effect on the respiratory tract of the dog and makes it difficult to breathe when the Bulldog is agitated and, consequently, when it is very hot. It is good for the Bulldog to do moderate exercise to stay in shape, but intense exercise can be a risk factor, especially in hot climates. Never leave a Bulldog or any other dog in an enclosed car at the risk of heat shock. This dog is a dog for intense exercise. You will not win an agility championship with your English Bulldog, unless only dogs of this breed are competing. But you need daily walks to exercise and socialize with people and other dogs. On the other hand, the Bulldog is not a dog to live in the garden, does not withstand well the climatic variations, so must live indoors. In addition, his great need of company makes him unfit to live in the garden. The good news is that it is a cleaner dog than other breeds and is not very active. The bad news is you can drool a lot.
These dogs lose by regularly, so they should brush it frequently, but their fur is easy to maintain. Brushing it two or three times a week is usually enough. In addition, you should wipe the wrinkles that form on your face, neck, and tail with a soft, damp cloth or a soft, damp sponge. Then dry with a soft dry cloth.
English Bulldog Education
The English Bulldog learns easily when he is trained with positive methods, such as clicker training. However, when canine training is based on traditional techniques and the dominance theory, it creates a lot of conflict and the dog does not respond well. Whatever method you use to train him, you can not expect the Bulldog to respond as promptly to orders as a more athletic dog (a Boxer or a Belgian Shepherd Malinois, for example)
English Bulldog Health
By the intense and not very well planned artificial selection to which it was submitted, this breed presents many hereditary diseases and other health problems. Among the diseases that are common in English Bulldog are hip and elbow dysplasia , respiratory problems, plaques, keratoconjunctivitis, entropion, elongated palate, inverted tail, skin problems and gastric torsion. Therefore, they may also present other dog diseases , depending on the care each animal receives and its particular genotype.
A relatively frequent problem, derived from the flat face of the English Bulldog is difficulty breathing. Excessive shortening of the face has caused many current Bulldogs to have respiratory problems.
On the other hand, the difference in mass between females and males, added to the fact that the back of the body is light while the front is heavy, makes it difficult to breed these puppies. Human care is often needed both during the crossing and during childbirth.