The Pug , carlino or carlini, is a very particular dog. The “official” motto of the breed multum in silvo , which in Latin means a lot of substance in a small volume, alludes to a large dog in a small body .
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This dog breed needs constant companionship as it is very playful and if you are alone you can develop separation anxiety. Therefore, it is not recommended to adopt it by families with very young children, because in these cases it would not be possible to give it the attention it deserves. But with children a little older, there is no problem with the Pugs, quite the contrary, they are very affectionate and sociable animals. If you have small children, check out our article with the best races for children .
In this breed profile of YourCatCareguide we will explain to you everything you need to know about Pugs.
- Grupo IX
- More than 80
Origin of Pug
As with many other dog breeds, the origin of the Pug is uncertain and controversial . It is known that it comes from China, but it is not yet known whether it has among its closest relatives the large Molosian or Pekingese dogs and similar dogs. What is known is that centuries ago these dogs, along with the Pekingese, were the favorite animals in the Tibetan monasteries . It is believed that this breed was brought to Holland by Dutch merchants, where later they were also taken to France, England and throughout Europe.
Since they arrived in Europe and then America, Pugs have been considered charming company dogs and dogs worthy of exposure. Western fascination with this breed has reached the point where many Pugs have been the protagonists of films and serials.
Physical characteristics of Pug
This is a short, chubby, compact dog. Despite being a small dog, the Pug is a muscular animal. The upper line of your body is level and the chest is broad. The head is large, round and without cracks in the skull. It has no apple shape, like the Chihuahua dogs and the skin that covers it is full of wrinkles. The muzzle is short and square. The Pug’s eyes are dark, large and globular in shape. They are bright and their expression is sweet and worried. The ears are thin, small and velvety texture. Two varieties can be found:
- Pink ears, which are small, hanging and folded back.
- Button ears, which are folded forward pointing to the eye.
The tail is of high insertion and is strongly coiled. If it is doubly curled, better still, for that is what the creators seek. According to the International Cynological Federation (FCI), this double winding is highly desirable. The ideal size of the Pug is not indicated in the FCI standard of the breed, but these dogs are small and their height at the cross is usually between 25 and 28 centimeters. The ideal weight , which is indicated in the breed standard, ranges from 6.3 to 8.1 pounds.
The hair of this dog is thin, smooth, soft, short and shiny. Accepted colors are: black, fawn, silver fawn and apricot. The muzzle, the spots on the cheeks, the diamond of the forehead and the ears are black.
The Pug has the typical temperament of a companion dog. He is affectionate, cheerful and playful. He has a strong personality and likes to call attention but is of stable character.
These dogs are easy to socialize and, properly socialized, usually get along very well with adults, children, other dogs and animals. However, although they are playful, they do not quite support the intense pranks and pranks of young children. Therefore, to get along with strangers and other pets, it is important to socialize them from puppies.
In general, these dogs exhibit no behavioral problems, but may develop separation anxietywith some ease. Pugs need constant companionship and can become destructive dogs when they are alone for long. They also need to exercise and receive mental stimulation so they do not get bored.
They are excellent pets for most people and families with large children , and even for inexperienced owners. However, this breed is not advisable for families with very young children, since they usually mistreat unintentionally small puppies. They are also not good pets for people who spend most of the day away from home or for very active people.
Care of the Pug
The care of the hair does not need a lot of time or effort, but it is necessary to brush the Pug once or twice a week to remove the dead hair. These dogs lose a lot of hair, so it may be desirable to brush them more often to keep the furniture and clothing free of dog hair. The bath should be given only when the dog is dirty, but face and nose wrinkles should be cleaned with a damp cloth and dried frequently to avoid skin infections.
Pug dogs are very playful and need to do moderate exercise, with daily walks and a time of moderate play. You should be careful not to require too much workout since your flattened snout and sturdy frame does not give them much resistance and leave them susceptible to thermal shocks, especially in hot and humid climates.
On the other hand, these dogs need a lot of company and are not suitable for people who spend most of their time away from home. Pugs need constant companionship and attention and can develop destructive habits when they are alone for long. They are dogs to live in house with the family and adapt very well to life in apartments and in big cities.
Pug Puppy – Pug Education
This dog breed is easy to train when using positive dressage styles . It is common to hear traditional trainers say that pug puppies are stubborn and hard to train, but this is often the result of a poor choice of canine dressing method , rather than a breed characteristic. When positive dressing methods such as clicker training are used correctly, excellent results can be obtained with these puppies.
Diseases of the pug dog
Despite being a small dog, the Pug is usually healthy, except for the problems caused by its short snout . The breed does not present canine diseases with exaggerated incidence, but frequently presents soft palate, stenotic nostrils, patellar dislocation, Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease and entropion. Occasionally they also present cases of epilepsy.
Due to their prominent eyes and flat face, they are prone to eye injuries. Also due to their sturdy stature, they tend to develop obesity, so one should be careful about their diet and amount of physical exercise