The Pekingese is a small dog with flat nose and leonine appearance. They were, at some time, sacred animals and part of the Asian royalty. Currently they are very popular animals practicing all over the world, and their soft fur invites to endless caresses.
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If you are thinking about adopting a Pekingese dog, it is important to first inform yourself about your characteristics, the personality you tend to have and the behavior in your adult life.
In this fact sheet we will explain everything you need to know about the Pekingese dog and the care you need. Do not hesitate to comment and share your photos or questions!
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History of the Pekingese
The Pekingese was a dog venerated by Buddhist monks in China , as it has a certain similarity with the mythical Chinese guardian lion, an important symbol in Buddhism. For the same reason, the dogs of this breed were cared for by Chinese royalty, as they had human slaves, and only the nobles could have a Pekingese.
In 1860, during the Second Opium War, Anglo-French troops invaded and set fire to the Summer Palace in Beijing shortly after the escape of the Chinese emperor Xianfeng. Fortunately, before they set him on fire, they captured five Pekingese dogs who lived in this palace. These five dogs were taken to England , where they were offered to nobles and aristocrats. One of them was left in the hands of Queen Victoria.
These five dogs were the founding population of the present Pekinese, since the other Pekinese of China were killed or simply hidden and nothing is known of their possible descendants. Today the Pekingese is a companion dog and exhibition, although it continues to be revered by thousands of people in the world, they are no longer monks or Chinese emperors, but rather of great fans of the breed.
The Pekinese’s body is small, moderately robust and relatively short . The waist is well marked and the upper line is level. The chest is broad and has very arched ribs. The head of this dog is very striking because of its size and leonine appearance, besides large and broad. The skull is flattened between the ears and the stop is well defined. The muzzle is short. The eyes are dark, round and shiny. The ears are shaped like a heart and are hung on the sides of the head.
The tail is of high and rigid insertion, being bent over the back and to one side. It is covered in long fringes. The Pekingese has a double layer coat . The outer layer is abundant, straight, long and rough. The inner layer is dense and smooth. According to the International Cynomolgist Federation (FCI) standard, any color for the body and the mask, including patches of different colors, except liver color and albino puppies, is acceptable.
The FCI pattern of the breed does not indicate a specific size, but the ideal weight should not exceed 5 kilos in male Pequenoses nor 5.4 kilos in females. Also, dogs should be small enough to look heavy for their height.
The temperament of these dogs is very characteristic of the breed. The Pekingese are loyaldogs and very brave , despite their small size. However, they are also independent and reserved. These little Chinese dogs do not socialize as easily as dogs of other races. They tend to be very loyal to theirs, but distrustful of strangers and distant dogs and other animals.
These dogs are excellent pets for older people and sedentary families with large children. They can also be good pets for beginner owners who have advice on dog education and socialization issues. In addition, you should watch the games with the little ones until the dog and the child gain confidence. Educating the little ones to treat the animal well is very important, its small size should not make them vulnerable and fragile.
Hair care requires time, since the Pekingese should be brushed once a day . You should also wipe the wrinkles from your snout with a damp cloth and dry them to prevent skin infections. It is advisable to give him a bath once a month .
In return, this dog does not need much exercise. Usually one or two walks a day, which can be short or medium, and some time and play not very intense. In general, the Pekingese is a quiet dog that prefers to pass the time without much activity. However, it is important to take him or her to socialize and provide some physical activity.
The need for company is something else. Although this breed is very independent, the Pekingese is not a dog to live in isolation because it can develop separation anxiety . You can spend more time alone than other companion dogs, but you also need to be with your family most of the time. The advantage, for those who do not want a dog that is too needy, is that the Pekingese being in the same room as its owners, no longer needs to be caressed all the time or in their arms. This puppy fits very well to life in small apartments.
Traditionally the Pequenoses were considered dogs stubborn and difficult to train. Many owners considered us crazy. However, this is more related to the training techniques used than to the intelligence of the Pekingese.
These dogs can be trained with ease to behave and respond to many orders of dog obedience when training them using positive reinforcement . It is very important to socialize them since puppies , to get a good relationship with other people, pets and the environment. Still, they will never be as sociable as other companion dogs.
Because they are very independent and reserved dogs, Pekingese tend to develop some behaviors that can be problematic if they educate them incorrectly. The use of punishment or a lack of attention to the animal can develop destructive behaviors, the dog barking too much or even impulses of aggressiveness like small bites. The adoption of this dog should be thought very well and you must be sure that you can provide a good education and the company and affection you need.
If you work regularly with your Pekingese, you may be able to have your best friend, even kindly, at your side. You should not be influenced by the standard of behavior of the breed, you should think about offering him a good education and guiding him to have behavior that pleases him.
The Pekingese is a generally healthy dog and, despite the low genetic variety in its beginnings, it does not usually suffer from many hereditary problems. Some common problems can be eye injuries, dermatitis due to lack of hygiene or some respiratory problems.
However, consulting the specialist on a regular basis and providing you with good care, you will enjoy a healthy dog for a long time. Pekingese life expectancy is around 11 years , although it is a value that increases year after year thanks to advances in veterinary, food and care. We must never forget the importance of accurately following the timing of vaccines to prevent serious viral or bacterial diseases.