English Cocker Spaniel
The English Cocker Spaniel is a very intelligent, playful and sociable dog that is very attached to his human family and who needs to always be with them to feel good, otherwise he could suffer from separation anxiety . This does not mean that we can never leave you alone, but if you do not have much time to be with him, it is best to adopt another type of pet. Formerly used as hunting dogs for different prey according to their size, and their main function was to hunt the woodcock.
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In this breed profile of the YourCatCareguide we will explain everything you need to know about the Cocker Spaniel, from its origin, to the care you need or the most common diseases of these dogs.
- United Kingdom
- Group VIII
- More than 80
Origin of the English Cocker Spaniel
Spaniels are very old dogs that have always been used for hunting . Although formerly used for different types of prey depending on their size, no distinction was made by breeds. Thus, in the same litter of Spaniel could be born large dogs (more used to hunt mammals) and small dogs (more used to hunt birds).
Consequently, the dogs we know today as Cocker Spaniel, Springer Spaniel, Field Spaniel and Sussex Spaniel were just one group.
It was not until the end of the 19th century that these breeds broke up and the Cocker Spaniel was officially recognized for the first time. Its main like hunting dog was, and continues being, to hunt the woodcock.
This little dog has become very popular in Britain, her homeland, and the rest of Europe. Later it was exported to the United States of America where it also gained much popularity, but the American creators decided to modify the race to achieve a different appearance.
Of course, the British opposed the changes made by the Americans and decided to prohibit crosses between the original race and the American variety. Thus the two varieties were separated into two different breeds, the American Cocker Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel.
The American Cocker became quite popular in his country, shifting English. However, the American version of the breed is little known in the rest of the world, while the English Cocker Spaniel is very popular and appreciated .
Physical characteristics of the English Cocker Spaniel
The Cocker is a compact, sporty and athletic dog . Your head is well modeled without being too thin or too thick. The stop is well marked. The nose is broad and the muzzle is square. The eyes are brown, except in dogs with wholly or partially liver colored, in which the eyes may be hazel-colored. The ears are wide, with low insertion and hanging.
The body is strong and compact. The top line is firm and horizontal to the loin. From the loin to the beginning of the cause, it descends gently. The breast is well developed and deep, but it is neither too broad nor too narrow.
The tail is of low insertion, slightly curved and of moderate length. Formerly it was amputated to reduce the wounds during the days of hunting. However, nowadays most of these dogs are family mates, so there is no reason for this practice. In many places the tail is still amputated for merely aesthetic purposes, but fortunately this habit is less and less accepted.
The hair is smooth, silky, not too abundant and never curly. There are four varieties of color accepted by breed standard:
- Solid colors: black, red, gold, liver, black and fire, liver and fire. They may have a small white mark on the chest.
- Two-color: Black and white; orange and white; liver and white; lemon and white. All with or without blemishes.
- Tricolor: black, white and fire; liver, white and fire.
- Rouen: Blue roan, orange roan, lemon roan, roan liver, blue roan and fire, liver roan and fire.
English Cocker Spaniel Character
The temperament of the English Cocker Spaniel is ideal for a family dog . This dog is friendly, sociable, playful and very attached to his family. It creates a private bond with a person in the family group.
The socialization of this dog is usually easy, since it is an animal sociable by nature . However, that is not why you should ignore it. A Cocker who has not received socialization can be aggressive. In contrast, a well-socialized Cocker tends to get along well with adults, with children, with other dogs and even other animals.
However, and despite the sociable temperament, there are some reports of high aggressiveness in the breed. Cases of unwarranted aggression have been reported mainly in English Cockers of solid colors and especially golds. This does not mean that all dogs with these characteristics are aggressive, but it is good to know the temperament of the parents before acquiring a puppy.
The main problem of behavior of the English Cocker Spaniel is the destructiveness. These dogs can be very destructive when they are lonely for a long time, since they are dogs that need frequent companionship. They also need to do lots of exercise.
Care of the English Cocker Spaniel
The effort required to care for the hair is moderate. You should brush the dog three times a week and manually remove the dead hair every two to three months. From time to time you can do this at the canine hairdresser. In addition, you should check your ears frequently to see if they are dirty and, if necessary, clean them .
These dogs need a lot of exercise daily , so it may be a good idea to participate in canine sports, in addition to the daily walks that all dogs need. However, they adapt very well to life in densely populated cities and apartments.
English Cocker Spaniel Education
It is said that Cockers are very quick to learn and that training is difficult. But this is far from reality. These dogs are very intelligent and can learn many things, but traditional training does not always work well with the breed. The positive training is more effective with this breed and allows you to develop all the dog’s potential.