The Doberman , or Doberman Pinscher , is an elegant, muscular and powerful dog. With a compact and powerful body, the Doberman has captivated many people for many years, however nowadays it is not a race as appreciated as it was decades ago.
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However, few people know the great intelligence and sensitivity that accompanies this popular race so little known. If you are thinking of adopting a Doberman dog then you have entered the right place.
In this YourCatCareguide race card we will tell you everything you need to know about Doberman, its physical characteristics, temperament or education. Keep reading and get in touch with us!
- Grupo II
- More than 80
History of Doberman
This breed has a relatively recent origin. Friederich Louis Dobermann , born on January 2, 1834 and died on June 9, 1894, was the creator of this breed. As we all know, Dobermann was a tax collector who also worked part-time capturing dogs for the kennel.
As he had to move through different places, and some not very safe, Dobermann decided to create a breed of dog that would be able to protect him and at the same time be attached to people. It is not known exactly which breeds participated in the creation of Doberman, but it is thought that they used dogs that were similar to the Rottweiler. It is also known that the Doberman is related to the Rottweilers and the Beauce Shepherds.
In past decades, the Doberman has had much popularity as a watchdog and protection dog. He was well trained to serve as a police dog and to perform army jobs. Currently the breed has lost that popularity and it is not so often seen these dogs in military divisions. However, the Doberman remains a popular dog in civil society and continues to rely on the skills that will make him a dog so coveted by security forces.
The head of this dog is wedge-shaped when viewed from above. Elegant and fine, top and front view should not give the feeling of being bulky. The stop is unclear, but obvious. The nose, wider than round, should have large nostrils. In black puppies should be black, whereas in brown puppies should be a little lighter. The Doberman’s muzzle is well developed and deep, with a mouth opening that reaches almost to the molars. The scissor bite is very powerful.
The eyes are medium-sized and oval and the conjunctiva of the eye is barely visible. They must be dark, but eyes of a lighter hue are admitted in brown dogs.
Traditionally, the Doberman’s ears were amputated when the dog was still a puppy with a few months. Nowadays, this practice is losing its adherents and is considered to be cruel and unnecessary for most people. Doberman complete ears should be medium-sized.
The compact, muscular and powerful body of the Doberman allows the dog a great ability to perform fast movements, in little space. This ability favors the work of trained dogs for attack and protection. The back is short and muscled, just like the loin. The chest is broad and deep.
The tail is of high insertion and, according to the breed standard recognized by the International Cynological Federation, should be amputated leaving only the vertebrae visible. This practice is also rejected by many people and fortunately in some countries it has been banned along with the cutting of the ears. Amputations for aesthetic purposes are expected to be prohibited in the future.
The Doberman has short, hard and dense hair . The hair, which is evenly distributed throughout the body, is smooth and dry. The colors accepted by FCI are black and dark brown, both with clean and sharp red oxide markings. Doberman is easy to train and learns quickly if you treat him with love and respect.
The height at the withers is 68 to 72 centimeters for males, and from 63 to 68 centimeters for females. The weight is 40 to 45 kilos for males, and 32 to 35 kilos for females.
The Doberman Pinscher is one of the smartest dogs out there. Essentially friendly and peaceful , the Doberman is a dog that much depends on his family, so it is not appropriate if you spend most of the day away from home or if you can not provide the care that this breed deserves and needs.
Despite being a friendly dog with his own, the Doberman is a bit suspicious of strangers, so it is advisable to socialize him since he was a puppy. This mistrust will not turn you into a dangerous dog, but it helps make it a good watchdog.
This breed learns quickly and easily , so it is not difficult to train a Doberman dog. The ability of this breed for training is evident when one considers the different activities that occupied it and which it successfully occupies: trapping dogs, guard dogs, attack dogs, search and rescue dogs, therapy dogs, Schutzhund dogs, assistance and many more occupations.
However, day by day is when the character of the Doberman will surprise us, because it is an excellent dog in dealing with those who live. He is a sweet, kind and sensitive dog . With intelligence far superior to other races, it will be gratifying to work with him on education and training.
Although they need a lot of exercise , these dogs can adapt to live in an apartment if they receive long daily walks and games that help them burn their energy . Despite this, they are dogs that will be better off if they have a garden to run and have fun. In fact, many rumors about mental or behavioral problems are mainly due to the lack of physical exercise offered by some Doberman dog owners.
Anyway, the Doberman is not an “outdoor” dog. With a low capacity to withstand the cold, the Doberman needs a suitable place to sleep and rest. If you sleep in the garden, you need a well-designed bed that is free of drafts. It is not recommended that the Doberman sleep in the street if the weather is cold.
On the other hand, the physical stimulation of the Doberman dog will not be enough, it will also need a mental stimulation that will help relieve the stress and the energy that can accumulate. The different intelligence games will help us work with this much needed aspect.
The Doberman Pinscher loses by the regular way, however its short coat needs little care. With occasional brushing and a shower every two months will suffice.
Do not forget that the Doberman dog is considered a potentially dangerous dog in several countries, so you must habituate it to the muzzle at its youngest stage, so you do not have problems in your adulthood.
The Doberman Pinscher is an extremely intelligent dog, so you will need education and training beyond the usual . It will be fundamental to begin with socialization , a process in which we will teach the Doberman dog to relate to people, animals, objects and very different environments. Socialization avoids fear-related behavior in its adult phase, which in the case of Doberman can become reactive behaviors (it reacts aggressively due to fear of certain stimuli). Working actively this process will be very important in your puppy phase.
Even in your youth, you should start working on basic training orders and practice them in different situations, always with the use of positive reinforcement. The use of punishment collars or punishment-based techniques can lead to serious behavioral problems in this sensitive dog, so they should be avoided at all costs.
Already in its young adult stage, the Doberman must continue to practice obedience consistently and begin to do active exercise and the different games of intelligence that exist. Variety in their education and training provide positive and healthy attitudes. If you do not have enough time for this wonderful dog, perhaps you should think of another breed that is more in line with your lifestyle.
The Doberman Pinscher is generally a very healthy dog , but can be prone to spinal problems, especially in the cervical region, gastric twisting, hip dysplasia and heart problems. To ensure good health the ideal will be to consult the veterinarian every 6 months to observe your health and give you some advice.
You should follow your vaccination schedule rigorously as well as your deworming, externally monthly and internally on a quarterly basis. Good care will ensure the Doberman is healthy and happy for a long time. Do not forget that.