Dachshund ou Teckel
Dachshund is the original and official name of the famous and charismatic dog sausage or salsichinha . In German it means “badger dog” referring to the original function of this dog, which was to hunt badgers. Also known are the sausage dogs like Teckel or Dackel . Both words are also German, although the most used term is “Dachshund”, while “Teckel” was the most used name for this breed among German hunters.
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In this breed profile of YourCatCareguide we will show you the general characteristics of the Dachshund , its basic care and possible health problems. Keep reading to find out all about this breed of dog, because if you are planning to adopt a copy or if you already have one at home, you can get more information that is sure to be useful.
- Grupo IV
- More than 80
Physical characteristics of the Dachshund
The Dachshund is a short, long , short-legged dog with a long head, so his nickname “sausage dog” describes it very well. The head is long, but the muzzle should not be pointed. The stop is a bit marked. The eyes are oval and medium. Its color varies in different shades of dark brown (from red to a darker shade). The ears are high insertion, hanging, long and with round edges.
The body of this dog is long and with the upper line slightly sloping. The chest is broad and deep. The belly is slightly retracted. The tail is long and not too high. It may show a slight curvature in its last third.
The coat corresponding to each variety should be as follows:
- Short haired dachshund . The hair is short, shiny, smooth, strong, hard, thick and well glued to the body. There are no hairless areas. This variety is the most popular.
- Hard hair dachshund . With the exception of the muzzle, eyebrows and ears, the coat is formed by mixing the inner layer with the outer layer, the latter being usually glued and thickened. On the muzzle the hair forms a well-marked beard and thick eyebrows form on the eyes. In the ears the hair is short and almost smooth.
- Long haired dachshund . The outer layer is smooth, shiny and well glued to the body. It is longer under the neck, the lower part of the body, the ears, the back of the extremities and the tail.
Accepted colors in all varieties are:
- Unicolor : red, yellow-red, yellow, with or without mixed black hairs.
- Bicolor : can be black or brown with rust or yellow spots.
- Harlequin (spotted brindle) : presents a coat that should always have a dark color, black, red or gray. This variety also has uneven spots of gray or beige color.
Types of Teckel
The breed is presented in different varieties according to the coat and the weight. The International Cynological Federation (FCI) recognizes three varieties of size (standard, miniature and dwarf) and three varieties of hair (short, hard and long). In this way, the possible combinations give nine varieties of Dachshund:
- Short hair
- Hard hair
Dachshund Miniature :
- Short hair
- Hard hair
Dachshund Dwarf :
- Short hair
- Hard hair
Other organizations, such as the American Kennel Club (AKC), only recognize two varieties in size (standard and miniature), but recognize the three varieties of hair. On the other hand, the smaller varieties (miniature and dwarf) are also hunters, but are oriented to smaller prey and less aggressive than the badgers.
Breed standard does not indicate a particular size, but Dachshunds are small dogs and their maximum height to the cross is usually between 25 and 30 centimeters. The difference between the varieties is made according to the thoracic perimeter, as follows:
- Dachshund standard . Thoracic perimeter greater than 35 centimeters. The maximum weight is 9 pounds.
- Miniature Dachshund . Thoracic perimeter between 30 and 35 centimeters at the minimum age of 15 months.
- Dwarf Dachshund . Thoracic perimeter less than 30 centimeters, at least 15 months old.
These dogs are very playful and friendly with their owners and the rest of the family, but they have a very strong prey impulse for chasing and attacking small animals. They also often bark a lot .
It is important to socialize sausage puppies since they are small because their nature is suspicious of strangers. Without proper socialization they are usually aggressive or fearful, both with strangers and with other dogs. In contrast, when well socialized, they can get along very well with people and other dogs, although it is difficult to socialize with other pets.
It is said that the Dachshund are very stubborn and do not respond to canine training. What happens in reality is that they do not respond well to traditional training, since they react badly to the use of force. However, respond well to positive training , so do not hesitate and opt for this method of education, based on positive reinforcement and use of the clicker.
The main behavioral problems that this breed presents are excessive barking and the tendency to dig in the garden.
Care of the Teckel
The Dachshund’s hair care is simple as you do not need to go to the canine hairdresser or other aids. Of course, the short-haired Dachshund needs less effort than the other varieties. In the varieties of hard and long hair it is necessary to brush the hair daily . In case you want to cut the hair of the long hair Dachshund, then it is advisable to go to a canine hairdresser.
These dogs need moderate exercise , so they adapt well to life in small homes or apartments. However, they can cause some problems with neighbors because they often bark a lot if this behavior is not corrected.
If they are lonely for long or get bored, the Dachshund usually destroys furniture or other objects, or dig holes in the case of having a garden. So it’s not a good idea to leave them alone for most of the day.
Due to its very long particular morphology, the sausage dog is prone to spinal injuries . Damage to invertebrate discs is common. Accidents that cause paralysis of the hind legs are more frequent in this breed than in others. Therefore, it is important to avoid abrupt movements in these dogs, jumping, climbing and descending stairs frequently and being overweight.
The Dachshund is also prone to suffer the following conditions:
- Patellar dislocation
- Progressive retinal atrophy
As with all other breeds of dogs, it is best to follow periodic veterinary appointments and keep up-to-date both the vaccination and deworming schedule to prevent and detect any of the most common Dachshund diseases in time.